Indicators are an essential part of any M&E system to help it capture signs of progress. A key challenge with indicators is to ensure both their quality and integrity. Are the indicators generating data that is necessary and useful? And does this data also correctly represent the progress of the intervention?
This study identifies and addresses key challenges concerning M&E for CCA. It does so by documenting good practices and good practice principles on the development, selection, and use of indicators used in the M&E of adaptation interventions. This study asserts that indicators are not “one size fits all” but that they are case-specific and context-dependent. Consequently, the study does not offer examples of ‘good’ adaptation indicators, but instead provides pragmatic principles as guidance for practitioners developing, selecting, and using indicators. This guidance can prove beneficial to help professionals working on the design of M&E systems.
The study also emphasizes the importance of evaluative evidence supporting adaptation-related policymaking. Lessons learned and findings from evaluations can inform the direction of future policies. To capitalize on that opportunity, the report provides principles that can serve as guidance for both policymakers and evaluators in moving in a common and mutually supportive direction; one that maximizes collaborative evidence-based policy development.
Anna Viggh is a Senior Evaluation Officer and leads the Thematic Evaluation team in the Global Environment Facility Independent Evaluation Office (GEF IEO) . Previously she led several country-level evaluations and worked on evaluations of GEF’s catalytic role and capacity development. She has more than 20 years of development and environment experience with the GEF, UNDP, the World Bank and several NGOs.
Dennis Bours works as extended-term consultant for the Global Environment Facility’s Independent Evaluation Office, with a focus on the monitoring and evaluation of adaptation and resilience. Dennis is liaison representative to ISO Sub-Committee 7 on GHG management and related standards, co-editor of an upcoming edition of the New Directions for Evaluation (NDE) Journal (Wiley Publications / American Evaluation Association) on adaptation M&E, steering committee member of the Climate Knowledge Brokers group, and adaptation M&E advisor to the Kresge/ND-GAIN Urban Adaptation Assessment project. Dennis holds a BSc in commercial engineering, an MSc in technology transfer and sustainable development, and a second MSc with a focus on climate risk management and risk indicators in global supply chains.