In 2002, about 38 percent of Central America's total land area was used as permanent pasture, and this area had expanded over the previous decade in the three project countries (Colombia, Costa Rica and Nicaragua) at a rate of between four and nine percent, mostly at the expense of tropical forest. Thus, ranching-induced deforestation was one of the main causes of loss of some unique plant and animal species in the tropical rainforests of Central and South America. Despite significant efforts to reduce destruction of tropical forests and protect the natural habitats and wildlife populations in Latin America, the beginning of the new century did not look more promising for the preservation of tropical rainforest and biodiversity than the preceding years. Over the previous decade, natural forest areas in the three countries had been reduced between 6 and 25 percent.
Sustainable community development
Latin America and Caribbean
Implementation Completion Report