eLibrary

Our electronic library is a combination of evaluations on climate change and development and now natural resources management. Browse our elibrary to see not only the latest additions but also vital resources to enable you address your evaluation challenges.

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Title Area Theme Author GEF Funding Institution Level Region Sub Cluster Thematic Cluster Type Year Nationality Full Evaluation Brief Description
Real-Time Evaluation of Norway’s International Climate and Forest Initiative Adaptation and Mitigation Other LTS International No NORAD Global Global Forestry/ forest managment Mitigation and Adaptation Fund Evaluation 2014 PDF icon 3.14 Real-Time Evaluation of Norway's International Climate and Forest Initiative. Synthesising Report 2007-2013.pdf

Established goals of NICFI include the following:

  1. The inclusion of emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in a new international climate regime
  2. To take early action to achieve cost-effective & verifiable reductions in greenhouse gas emissions
  3. To promote conservation of natural forests in order to maintain their carbon storage capacity

To ensure effective implementation of the initiative, the Evaluation Department for the Norwegian Agency for International Development (Norad) opted for a real-time evaluation for “rapid learning, to give advice at an early enough stage for changes in implementation to be feasible and to provide timely information to the international community engaged in REDD+ and climate change issues.”

Evaluation of the Joint Climate Change Initiative (JCCI) in Cambodia Adaptation and Mitigation Other Adaptation Stefan Dahlgren, Ian Christoplos and Chou Phanith SIDA Country South Asia Cambodia PDF icon 536-joint-climate-change-initiative-evaluation-cambodia.pdf

In 2010 three international NGOs – Swedish Forum Syd, Danish DanChurchAid/ Christian Aid (DCA/CA) and Cord – set up a programme concerning climate change adaptation in Cambodia, in cooperation with a number of Cambodian NGOs, called the Joint Climate Change Initiative (JCCI). The total budget will be around 16 MSEK. It will formally end in December 2013.

The project was implemented in steps and initially comprised the capacity development of 22 NGOs in climate change and in results-based management. This knowledge was used by the individual NGOs to work with communities to develop projects for climate change adaptation and mitigation from a rights-based perspective. The partner projects are aimed at improving livelihoods and/or pursuing human rights issues.

Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction from Industry in Asia and the Pacific (GERIAP) Adaptation Biomass S.C. Battacharya No UNEP Regional East Asia and Pacific Industrial and production process efficiency Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2006 Bangladesh PDF icon Greenhouse gas emissi on reduction from industry in Asia and the Pacific (GERIAP)

The Greenhouse Gas Emission Reduction from Industry in Asia and the Pacific (GERIAP) project funded by the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) was coordinated by United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and implemented together with national focal points in nine countries, Bangladesh, China, India, Indonesia, Mongolia, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand and Viet Nam. The project had three components: capacity-building, demonstration of cleaner production and energy efficiency options in selected industrial plants and a study on barriers to improving energy efficiency. The evaluator concluded that the project objective was largely achieved through the following: development of the Energy efficiency guide for industry in Asia and capacity-building of the national focal points and industrial plants; implementation of cleaner production and energy efficiency options; dissemination of the project results and findings; and sharing of knowledge across national boundaries.

Building and Construction Improvement Programme (BACIP) Adaptation Biomass EDC (Pvt.) Limited Yes UNDP Country South Asia Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2003 Pakistan PDF icon Building and Construction Improvement Programme

UNDP- Global Environment Facility (GEF), Small Grants Programme (SGP), in line with its mandate for environmental conservation, has funded BACIP for a one year project to work in the communities of Gilgit and Nathiagali. The project duration was from April 2002 to March 2003. The agreement focused specifically on extending to entrepreneurs and artisans for the replication of BACIP fuel-efficient products and techniques and capacity building of local CBOs. Broadly, the objectives include promotion and dissemination of fuel-efficient technologies for environmental conservation and capacity building through training for entrepreneurs, artisans and professionals to replicate BACIP technologies locally.

Analytical and Synthesis Study of the REEEP Programme Mitigation Energy Efficiency Consortium Le Groupe-conseil baastel ltée & Econoler International No Regional Multicountry Mitigation Special Evaluation Study 2009 PDF icon Analytical and Synthesis Study of the REEEP Programme

The aim was to carry out an analysis of the outputs and outcomes of the REEEP projects, identify the lessons learned, and gauge the contribution of these projects towards clean energy market development. The report was based on an analysis of the outputs and outcomes of 47 REEEP supported projects for the purpose of presenting the big-picture of REEEP projects funded from 2005 to 2007. In order to answer REEEP's key questions, the study team used a methodology with several steps: project desk review, a survey, case studies, field visits and follow-up interviews.

Impact Evaluation and Interventions to Address Climate Change: A Scoping Study Other Mitigation Martin Prowse, Birte Snilstveit No 3ie Global Global Mitigation and Adaptation Final Evaluation 2010 PDF icon Impact Evaluation and Interventions to Address Climate Change: A Scoping Study

This paper argues that to support the effective allocation of substantial climate funds, the selection and design of climate change interventions (both mitigation and adaptation) should be based on evidence of what works, what doesn't, under what circumstances and at what cost. This paper is intended to be of relevance to climate change professionals on the one hand, and impact evaluators on the other. However, as the applicability of IE techniques to climate change interventions has not been widely considered, the paper does not purport to be comprehensive or exhaustive. Instead, it sketches out the terrain on which future studies might build.

Climate-proofing Energy Systems - Subsaharan Africa Adaptation Energy Efficiency Laura E.Williamson et al. No HELIO Country Subsaharan Africa Adaptation 2009 PDF icon Climate-proofing Energy Systems

This report explains why a metric for the vulnerability and resilience of energy systems is needed and proposes a methodology. It summarises anticipated climate-induced impacts on key energy systems and outlines possible adaptation measures. Observations and analyses from studies of ten Sub-Saharan countries currently applying the developed metric are presented.The report concludes with a series of recommendations to help reinforce the resilience of energy systems.

Energy Efficiency Revolving Fund: A Case Study Adaptation Energy Efficiency APEC Energy Working Group No APEC Country South Asia Adaptation Special Evaluation Study 2005 Thailand PDF icon Energy Efficiency Revolving Fund: A Case Study

Thailand's Energy Efficiency Revolving Fund (the Fund) commenced operation in January 2003. The Fund was established to stimulate financial sector involvement in energy efficiency projects and to simplify project evaluation and financing procedures. The Fund provides capital at no cost to Thai banks to fund energy efficiency projects, and the banks provide low cost loans to project proponents. Government intervention in the financing process is minimised.

Agricultural Monitoring and Evaluation Systems: What can we learn for the MRV of agricultural NAMAs? Mitigation Other Mitigation Andreas Wilkes, Wang Shiping, et al. No ICRAF Regional East Asia and Pacific Mitigation Working Paper 2011 PDF icon Agricultural Monitoring and Evaluation Systems

Mechanisms for support to Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs) have potential to upscale adoption of climate-smart agricultural practices in developing countries. Discussions of both NAMAs and agricultural mitigation have focused on methodologies for estimating emission reductions and data requirements for MRV. But the quality and credibility of NAMA MRV is also determined by institutional processes for MRV. There has been little documentation of agricultural monitoring and evaluation systems in developing countries and no previous analysis of whether they provide a credible basis for MRV of climate impacts. This paper describes an existing MRV system for a large scale grass cultivation programme in China and explores attributes of the MRV system that are consistent with the principles for credible MRV in existing UNFCCC mechanisms. Based on the case study, the paper suggests that agricultural MRV systems may be credible where (i) their procedures are encoded in explicit rules that are transparently communicated, (ii) they include provisions for quality control and quality assurance, and (iii) they are based on institutional arrangements that provide accountability in ways appropriate to the national context. We conclude that design of agricultural NAMAs would benefit from considering existing agricultural MRV systems and assessing the extent to which they are able to provide an institutional basis for credible MRV in national and international climate policy contexts.

Evaluation of the Implementation Effects of Directive 2009/29/EC on Poland up to 2020 Mitigation Other Mitigation Badania Systemowe EnergSys No DEMOS Country Europe and Central Asia Mitigation Final Evaluation 2009 Poland PDF icon Evaluation of the Implementation Effects

This report has a demonstrative nature only. To a great extent it is based on the British Impact Assessment methodology. However, the main disparity regards the way of calculating the benefits of CO2 reductions. The scope of the report is limited to the EU ETS Directive. It does not cover broader policy issues. This Report presents the impact assessment of the implementation of Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 13 October 2003 establishing a scheme for greenhouse gas emission allowance trading within the Community and amending Council Directive 96/61/EC (OJ No L275, 25.10.2003, p. 32) hereinafter referred to as the EU ETS Directive within the scope amended by Directive 2009/29/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 April 2009 amending Directive 2003/87/EC so as to improve and extend the greenhouse gas emission allowance trading scheme of the Community (OJ No L140, 5.6.2009, p. 63), hereinafter referred to as Directive 2009/29/EC.

Developing Financial Intermediation Mechanisms for Energy Efficiency Projects Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Evaluation and Oversight Unit No UNEP Country Multicountry Financing Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2008 India PDF icon Developing Financial Intermediation Mechanisms for Energy Efficiency Projects

The three country energy efficiency project (3CEE project) or Developing Financial Intermediation Mechanisms for Energy Efficiency Projects intended to achieve major increases in energy efficiency investments by the domestic financial sectors in Brazil, China and India, the three largest economies in the developing world. The aim was to overcome barriers to financing energy efficiency projects, and to identify financial mechanisms adapted to each country's conditions.

Establishing a Consumer Financing Program for Solar Photovoltaic Systems Mitigation Renewable Energy UNEP Evaluation and Oversight Unit / Manab Chakraborty No UNEP Local South Asia Financing Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2008 India PDF icon Establishing a Consumer Financing Program for Solar Photovoltaic Systems

Around 45 percent of households in India, mainly rural ones do not have electricity. Others, though electrified theoretically, remain without electricity due to poor or erratic supply. Even in relatively more advanced states such as Karnataka, 85% of the villages are connected to the grid and the poor are provided highly subsidized electricity, only about 31% of households in the electrified villages had been hooked up. Consequently, these households continue to rely on less efficient and polluting energy sources to the detriment of the environment, and to their own social and economic development.

Removal of Barriers to Biomass Power Generation and Cogeneration Mott MacDonald UNDP South Asia Mitigation 2009 Thailand PDF icon Removal of Barriers to Biomass Power Generation and Cogeneration in Thailand Evaluation
African Rural Energy Enterprise Development (AREED) Programme Mitigation Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency No UNEP Private Sector and Local Subsaharan Africa Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2009 PDF icon AREED Terminal Evaluation

The purpose of AREED programme was to develop new sustainable energy enterprises that use clean, efficient, and renewable energy technologies (RET) to meet the energy needs of under-served populations in rural and periurban areas, while reducing the environmental and health impacts related to current energy use patterns. The three specific objectives as described in the project document are to: assist UN agencies to develop and internalize a new methodology for promoting private sector driven, clean energy technology adoption, build the capacity of national/regional NGOs to identify and support small and medium-size energy enterprises through their critical start-up phase, and assist regional/national financial institutions to better understand and ultimately invest in this sector.

Energy Management and Performance Related Savings Scheme (EMPRESS) Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Dr. Abdelmourhit Lahbabi Yes UNEP Country Europe and Central Asia Financing Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2010 PDF icon Energy Management and Performance Related Savings Scheme

The Energy Management and Performance Related Savings Scheme (EMPRESS) project aimed at the promotion of industrial energy-efficiency using Monitoring and Targeting (M&T) as an energy management tool to save energy and reduce emissions of greenhouse gases. The project intended to build a market for this tool by coupling M&T with private sector financing. Typically, an Energy Service Company (ESCO) provides the technical assistance needed for M&T operations to client firms, and helps to identify and to implement the energy savings measures and to support the investment costs.

Biomass Energy for Heating and Hot Water Supply Adaptation Biomass GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Country Europe and Central Asia Adaptation Evaluation Methodoligies 2008 Belarus PDF icon Biomass Energy for Heating and Hot Water Supply
Gdańsk Cycling Infrastructure Project Mitigation Transport GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Local Europe and Central Asia Intelligent traffic management Transport Terminal Evaluation Review 2009 Poland PDF icon Gdańsk Cycling Infrastructure Project

As stated in the project appraisal document the global environmental objective was to reduce transport-derived greenhouse gas emissions by developing a model infrastructure facility program in Gdańsk to help individual citizens change their primary mode

Energy Efficiency Measures in the Honduran Commercial and Industrial Sectors (PESIC) Adaptation Biomass GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Country Latin America and Caribbean Adaptation Evaluation Methodoligies 2009 Honduras PDF icon Energy Efficiency Measures in the Honduran Commercial and Industrial Sectors
Rural Electrification and Renewable Energy Development Project Mitigation Renewable Energy GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Local Middle East and North Africa Renewable energy Terminal Evaluation Review 2009 Yemen

To create a comprehensive Rural Electrification Strategy and an enabling environment for exploiting renewable energy; and (ii) To implement appropriate institutional set-up and regulatory framework for rural electrification and renewable energy developm

Capacity Building for Stage II Adaptation to Climate Change Adaptation Enabling Activities GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) GEF Country Latin America and Caribbean Adaptation Terminal Evaluation Review 2009 PDF icon Capacity Building for Stage II Adaptation to Climate Change

Capacity Building for Stage II Adaptation to Climate Change in Central America, Mexico and Cuba

Integrated Approach to Wood-Waste Combustion for Heat Production Mitigation Renewable Energy GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Private Sector and Local Europe and Central Asia Renewable energy Terminal Evaluation Review 2008 Poland PDF icon Integrated Approach to Wood-Waste Combustion for Heat Production

As mentioned in the project appraisal document, the project had following five specific objectives:

Energy Efficiency Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Private Sector and Local Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2009 Poland PDF icon Energy Efficiency

to enable companies in the industrial sector and other energy consumers to adopt and utilize energy-efficient technologies, financed under commercial criteria by the Romanian Energy Efficiency Fund (FREE) and co-financiers.

Public Sector Energy Efficiency Prorgamme Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Country Europe and Central Asia Terminal Evaluation Review 2009 Hungary

As noted in the project appraisal document, this project's development objective was to help Hungary improve its energy efficiency and thus contribute to various national objectives including reduced air pollution, more efficient use of financial and n

Solar Water Heaters (SWHs) for Urban Housing Mitigation Renewable Energy GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Country Subsaharan Africa Renewable energy Terminal Evaluation Review 2009 PDF icon Solar Water Heaters (SWHs) for Urban Housing

The immediate objectives of the project as listed in the ProDoc were: 1. Development of a market for instrumented tune-ups through tune-up demonstration and training centers. This was to be achieved through the establishment of 10 gasoline and 5 diesel

Photovoltaic-Based Rural Electrification Mitigation Renewable Energy GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Local Latin America and Caribbean Renewable energy Terminal Evaluation Review 2008 Peru PDF icon Photovoltaic-Based Rural Electrification

The objective of the proposed project is to assist the Government of Peru in removing barriers to sustainable rural electrification using photovoltaic (PV) technology in remote rural areas, thereby reducing the long-term growth of the greenhouse gas (GHG)

A Program for Rural Electrification with Renewable Energy Using the Popular Participation Law Mitigation Renewable Energy GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Local Latin America and Caribbean Renewable energy Terminal Evaluation Review 2009 Bolivia PDF icon A Program for Rural Electrification with Renewable Energy Using the Popular Participation Law

The programme being initiated in this project seeks to test out a process whereby rural communities can develop an organization to obtain financing for their renewable electrification investments, procure the renewable energy services from private sector

Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency through a Cleaner Production/Environmental Management System Framework Mitigation Industrial Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Global Global Industrial and production process efficiency Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2007 PDF icon Promoting Industrial Energy Efficiency through a Cleaner Production/Environmental Management System Framework

The project objective is to reduce the emissions of carbon dioxide by improving energy management practices and indentifying investments in SMEs through a structured approach. The structured approach will be built on and consistent with the Environmental Management System framework embodied in UNEP's Cleaner Production programme. Project services are to be delivered through selected National Cleaner Production Centers, drawing on their extensive networks in industry and experience in promoting environmental management with a preventive, cost-effective focus.

Improving the Energy Efficiency of the Heat and Hot Water Supply Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Local Europe and Central Asia Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2008 PDF icon Improving the Energy Efficiency of the Heat and Hot Water Supply

Improving the energy efficiency of the municipal heat and hot water supply systems has been identified as a priority measure to reduce GHG emissions in the first national communication to the UNFCCC. Legislation on energy-saving measures was developed in 1998 and is now under consideration for approval. This legislation will establish the legal, social and ecological basis for energy savings in the different sectors of the economy. This project is relevant to national efforts to reduce GHG emissions in the residential and district heating system. Turkmenistan has substantial gas resources and there is very little national level priority given to reducing domestic consumption. Efficiency gains are of no direct interest to consumers since energy and heat prices are so low.

Energy Conservation and GHG Emissions Reduction Mitigation Industrial Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Private Sector and Local East Asia and Pacific Industrial and production process efficiency Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2008 China PDF icon Energy Conservation and GHG Emissions Reduction

Reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in China from the Townships and Villages Enterprises (TVE) sector by increasing the utilization of energy efficient technologies and products in the brick, cement, metal casting and coking sectors.The development objective of this project is to reduce the potential adverse social, environmental and economic consequences of global climate change by reducing GHG emissions from TVE-based production and use of building materials, coke and metal-casts. This will also lead to improvements in the quality of life in rural areas.

Low-Cost/Low-Energy Buildings Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Country Europe and Central Asia Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2008 Czech Republic PDF icon Low-Cost/Low-Energy Buildings

The Czech Republic faced a shortage of new housing construction after the fall of the centrally planned economy in the early 1990s. In 1996 the new government listed housing as a top priority, and to slowly raise the cost of energy to market levels by 2002-2005. This project is meant to take advantage of this critical turning point to reduce energy consumption and environmental pollution by implementing more advanced low-energy techniques in new building construction, for little or no additional cost, and quickly penetrate the existing market through municipal involvement.

Experimental Validation of Building Codes and Removal of Barriers to Their Adoption Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Country Middle East and North Africa Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2007 PDF icon Experimental Validation of Building Codes and Removal of Barriers to Their Adoption

Energy consumption in the buildings sector is expected to surpass the transport sector as the largest source of greenhouse gas emissions in Tunisia by 2020. The objective of this project was to remove identified barriers to the adoption and enforcement of regulatory measures imposing optimal energy efficient building standards for all new buildings in the Tunisian commercial and residential sectors.

Energy Conservation Project Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Private Sector East Asia and Pacific Financing Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2008 PDF icon Energy Conservation Project

The global environmental objective of the project was to achieve large, sustained and growing increases in energy efficiency and associated reductions in growth of carbon dioxide emissions and other pollutants by introducing, demonstrating and disseminating new project financing concepts and market-oriented institutions to promote and implement energy efficiency measures in China; and developing a more efficient national energy conservation information dissemination program.

Commercialization of Super-Insulated Buildings Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Country East Asia and Pacific Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2008 Mongolia PDF icon Commercialization of Super-Insulated Buildings

Mongolia has a very high emission of CO2 per capita (higher many developed countries); and burning of coal to heat buildings result in serious pollution and related health problems. Introduction of efficient heating insulating technologies also decrease the pressure on trees (less demand for wood) in arid and semi-arid areas and assists Mongolia in its battle against desertification and land degradation.The project's objective is to reduce CO2 emissions from burning coal for heating. Also, less wood will be burnt for heating, further reducing CO2 emissions and protecting shrubs and forests.

Cost Effective Energy Efficiency Measures in the Russian Educational Sector Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Country Europe and Central Asia Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2007 Russia PDF icon Cost Effective Energy Efficiency Measures in the Russian Educational Sector

The overall objective of the project is to contribute to the abatement of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions by improving the energy efficiency of Russian educational facilities.Develop replicable models for low-cost energy efficiency measures in both municipal secondary schools and Federal educational buildings (Universities, technical and vocational schools).

Energy Efficiency Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Country Latin America and Caribbean Industrial and production process efficiency Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2007 PDF icon Energy Efficiency

The project development objective was to improve efficiency in the supply and use of energy in Brazil, with a focus on electric energy. The key objective of the project is the creation of a market -based energy efficiency industry by removing market barriers, enhancing institutional delivery mechanisms, and encouraging the development of energy service companies.

Removal of Barriers to Energy Conservation and Energy Efficiency in Small and Medium Scale Enterprises Mitigation Education and training GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Private Sector and Local Subsaharan Africa Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2007 PDF icon Removal of Barriers to Energy Conservation and Energy Efficiency in Small and Medium Scale Enterprises

The major project outcomes were the CO2 emission reduction of 351, 531 tonnes and cumulative emission reduction of 580, 225 tonnes. Assessment of energy saving potential produced; Over 100 training programmes prepared and delivered. Over 1200 trained from over 400 institutions. Eight experts accredited with Certified Energy Manager (CEM) certificates. Over 50 walkthrough energy audits and 20 full energy audits were completed.

Barrier Removal for the Widespread Commercialization of Energy-Efficient CFC-Free Refrigerators in China Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Private Sector East Asia and Pacific Appliances Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2007 PDF icon Barrier Removal for the Widespread Commercialization of Energy-Efficient CFC-Free Refrigerators in China

The goal of the project was to reduce China's future GHG emissions through the transformation of the refrigerator market in China to the production and utilization of more energy-efficient models. This Project is very relevant because it is focused on removing technical, market and regulation barriers to the adoption of higher energy-efficient refrigerators.

Capacity Building for GHG Emission Reduction Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2007 PDF icon Capacity Building for GHG Emission Reduction

The overall objective of this project is to assist Romania in reducing the long-term growth of GHG emissions from heat and power generation plants and from consumption of fossil fuel sources in the main sectors of energy demand. The development objectives of the project are to increase the energy efficiency in Romania by removing the existing technological, institutional, and financial barriers that limit and prevent sustainable energy efficiency investments in Romania and developing capacity.

Supply-Side Efficiency and Energy Conservation and Planning Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Country Middle East and North Africa Industrial and production process efficiency Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2007 PDF icon Supply-Side Efficiency and Energy Conservation and Planning

The global environmental objective of this project is to assist the Syrian Arab Republic in its efforts to reduce the growth of GHG emissions that result from electric power generation and the inefficient consumption of carbon based fuels. It is expected that by the year 2008, the objectives will contribute to reduce energy consumption by a total of 1.83 percent compared to the current levels and to reduce CO2 emissions by 765.5 Ton.

Passive Solar Rural Health Clinics Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Local East Asia and Pacific Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2006 PDF icon Passive Solar Rural Health Clinics

The project were to stimulate health sector and other community facility planners to adopt passive solar building designs; to strengthen capacity of architectural and engineering design institutes to design; to demonstrate the life cycle cost advantages of energy efficient passive solar buildings in China; and, build energy-efficient passive solar buildings and to reduce CO2 emissions.

Energy Efficiency Market Development Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Private Sector Subsaharan Africa Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2006 PDF icon Energy Efficiency Market Development

The Global Environmental objective, as mentioned by the TE, is to mitigate energy sector impact on local and global environment by the reduction of CO2 emissions by 8, 000 tons per year and savings of 40, 000 MWh per year. The development objectives of the project were to initiate and support credible Energy Services Enterprises ; stir up and maintain demand for energy efficiency services ; mobilize sustainable financial resources ; project management and evaluate and disseminate lessons learned from the project.

Building Chiller Replacement Project Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Country East Asia and Pacific Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2006 PDF icon Building Chiller Replacement Project

The original objective was to assist Thailand to improve energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the building chiller sector, and reduce consumption of ozone depleting substances (ODS) consistent with its targets under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (MP).

Barrier Removal to Encourage and Secure Market Transformation and Labeling of Refrigerators Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Private Sector Middle East and North Africa Appliances Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2005 PDF icon Barrier Removal to Encourage and Secure Market Transformation and Labeling of Refrigerators

The overall objective of this project is to assist the Government of Tunisia in reducing the long-term growth of GHG emissions from electric power generation and from consumption of non-renewable fuel resources. In responding to the new operating conditions, public and private industry must invest in process modifications of cooling appliance equipment to remain competitive, with excellent likelihood that their investments will have favorable rates of return based on savings from reduced operating costs. The funding for this project will leverage the new investments in ways that are most beneficial to the global environment.

Capacity Building to Reduce Key Barriers to Energy Efficiency in Russian Residential Building and Heat Supply Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Local Europe and Central Asia Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2005 Russia PDF icon Capacity Building to Reduce Key Barriers to Energy Efficiency in Russian Residential Building and Heat Supply

The development objective was to provide sustainable and replicable models and to build the required capacities for overcoming barriers to implementation and realization of energy-efficiency improvements and energy conservation in residential buildings an

Energy Efficiency Improvement and Greenhouse Gas Reduction Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Country Middle East and North Africa Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2005 PDF icon Energy Efficiency Improvement and Greenhouse Gas Reduction

Country: The Palestinian Authority The project's development objective was to address energy efficiency within the energy sector in the Palestinian Authority (PA), thereby assisting in the long term reduction of Greenhouse Gas emissions from electricity

Efficient Industrial Boilers Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Private Sector East Asia and Pacific Industrial and production process efficiency Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2005 PDF icon Efficient Industrial Boilers

Regarding the overall objective of reducing GHG emissions, the ICR estimates that the project will reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions by a cumulative amount of 160 millions tons by 2019, compared to 180 million tons by 2016 estimated at appraisal. Given the uncertainties inherent in such estimates and the rapid rate of change in China's energy market, this evaluation considers that the project objective was essentially achieved.

Coal to Gas Conversion Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Country Europe and Central Asia Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2005 PDF icon Coal to Gas Conversion

The overall project objective was to contribute to carbon dioxide emissions reduction by stimulating self-replicable technological and institutional changes that would promote coal to gas conversion in small and medium boilers; inducing more energy-efficient practices in the architectural design and operation of new residential buildings; demonstrating interfuel substitution and technological innovation to improve overall energy efficiency throughout the heat supply chain, as a means of reducing CO2 emissions; and building up institutional capacity in making judgments about the ability of a project to capture global externalities, such as CO2 emission abatement.

Sichuan Gas Transmission and Distribution Rehabilitation Mitigation Renewable Energy GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Country East Asia and Pacific Industrial and production process efficiency Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2004 PDF icon Sichuan Gas Transmission and Distribution Rehabilitation

This project has succeeded in assisting the Government of China and partners in restructuring the upstream oil and gas sector to make it more efficient and accountable on the production, distribution and proper maintenance of the gas pipelines for optimal prevention of GHG emissions. The provision and installation of state-of-the-art technology, as well as the provision of international technical services related to gaz production and distribution and proper pipeline maintenance have created a favourable context for the development and conservation of gas resources in an economic, efficient and environmentally sound manner. The project also succeeded in institutional strengthening through a program of in-country and overseas training involving several hundred professional staff in numerous fields related to gas production, distribution and pipeline rehabilitation.

Argentine Efficient Streetlighting Program Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Country Latin America and Caribbean Lighting Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2004 PDF icon Efficient Streetlighting Program

Nine countries are included in a GEF-supported global Electric Lighting Initiative (ELI) and the project was complementary to the Argentina components, which did not include any activities in the SL sector. IFC was the implementing agency for the project through the World Bank, with GEF grant-financing for the project which comprised administration, financial and technical advisory services. The physical investments that were to be facilitated were to retro-fit municipal publicSL with more efficient and established technologies, and would be financed from a number of sources including commercial banks using eligible IFC credit lines, savings in energy costs, SL taxes and supplier/contractor/local government equity.

GEF (2004) Climate Change Program Study Mitigation GEF Yes GEF Organizational sector evaluation Program Performance Evaluation 2004 PDF icon 435.pdf

The purpose of this study is to provide an overall evaluation of the results and performance of the Global Environment Facility's (GEF) Climate Change Program from its inception in 1991 to mid-2004. The study will contribute to the third GEF Overall Performance Study and serves as a guide to future strategic directions. It draws on information gathered from a comprehensive portfolio review, greenhouse gas (GHG) emission data and development statistics, and two in-depth project cluster reviews within energy efficiency and renewable energy. The analysis was enhanced by several implementing agency reviews, other GEF monitoring and evaluation (M&E) reviews, and select country visits.

Czech Republic: Kyjov Waste Heat Utilization Project Mitigation Industrial Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Private Sector and Local Europe and Central Asia Power plants Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2002 PDF icon Czech Republic: Kyjov Waste Heat Utilization Project

Reduce Emissions of GHG, notably CO2, by increasing the efficiency and reliability of heat and power supply to the city of Kyjov and to a local glass factory (Vetropak Moravia Glas s.a. (VMG) Factory), through the introduction of gas-fired combined-cycle heat and power (CHP) production and through intensified use of waste process heat generated at VMG.

GEF (2002) Results from the GEF Climate Change Program Sabrina Birner, et al. Yes GEF Organizational sector evaluation Program Performance Evaluation 2002 PDF icon 434.pdf

During the last decade, the Global Environment Facility (GEF) has provided more than US$1 billion for more than 270 climate change-related projects in 120 countries. Not counting enabling activities and some short-term measures, 120 of those projects in 60 countries demonstrate an impressive range of approaches to promoting energy efficiency, renewable energy, and (to a lesser extent) sustainable transport. The overall objective of the Climate Change Program Study was to assess the achievements of GEF-financed climate change operational programs.

GEF (2002) The GEF Energy-Efficient Product Portfolio: Emerging Experience and Lessons Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Sabrina Birner, et al. Yes GEF Appliances Energy efficiency Program Performance Evaluation 2001 PDF icon GEF (2002) The GEF Energy-Efficient Product Portfolio: Emerging Experience and Lessons

From 1991 to 2000, the GEF approved eight projects designed to stimulate markets for energy-efficient products-lights, refrigerators, industrial boilers, and building chillers-in 12 developing and transitional countries. Project costs for this portfolio are about half a billion dollars, with GEF contributions of over $90 million leveraging additional co-financing of $430 million from other sources. Many of these projects take so-called market transformation approaches, which gained favor in developed countries in the 1990s. In general, market transformation programs aim to change market structure or function through both supply push and demand pull in order to sustainably increase the adoption of energy-efficient products, services, and practices.

Global Evaluation Facility (GEF) (2001) Thematic Review of GEF-financed solar thermal projects Mitigation Renewable Energy Jason Mariyappan, et al. Yes GEF Country East Asia and Pacific Renewable energy Project Performance Evaluation Report 2001 PDF icon 432.pdf

The GEF has identified solar thermal power technology (STP) as one of the renewable energy technologies it supports in its operational programs. Development of STP represents one of the most costefficient options for renewable bulk power production, and the most cost-effective way of producing electricity from solar radiation. Many GEF receipient countries, including India, Mexico, and those in the regions of Northern and Southern Africa and parts of Southern America, have high levels of solar radiation suitable for STP. The purpose of the review is to suggest, based upon project designs and preliminary implementation experience, whether GEF STP projects are contributing to technology cost reductions or other industry changes as envisioned under OP7. In the absence of substantial operating experience, the review provides updated perspectives on this question relative to when the projects were first proposed and early implementation experience.

GEF (2000) Measuring Results from Climate Change Programs; Performance Indicators for GEF Mitigation Other Mitigation Eric Martinot, et al. Yes GEF Organizational sector evaluation Program Performance Evaluation 2000 PDF icon 431.pdf

GEF climate change programs are innovative and unique because they reflect integrated strategies to remove barriers and reduce costs for a broad range of applications and markets for energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies. After eight years of operation, GEF has amassed a project portfolio of 72 such projects in 45 countries, for which it has provided more than US$700 million. So far, performance indicators have been specified, and a few evaluations have occurred only for individual projects. Most projects do a reasonable job of specifying project-specific performance indicators during the project design and approval process. But these indicators tend to measure discrete project activities or their direct outputs rather than outcomes and the attainment of broader objectives.

Global Environment Facility (GEF)(2000) Solar PV Portfolio: Emerging Experience and Lessons Mitigation Renewable Energy Eric Martinot, et al. Yes GEF Country East Asia and Pacific Renewable energy Program Performance Evaluation 2000 PDF icon 430.pdf

Photovoltaics (PV) already provide electricity to an estimated 500,000 to 1 million rural households in developing countries who lack access to electricity grids. Worldwide, two billion people lack access to electricity, so the potential for continued application of PV is large, with resultant economic, local environmental, and global environmental benefits.Since 1991, the GEF has provided grant financing for 23 off-grid solar photovoltaic (PV) projects in 20 countries. In addition, four more projects are under preparation in the pipeline. Though specific objectives vary, the projects, in general, are aimed at stimulating and achieving commercialization of solar PV systems for rural households.

Tiwi Geothermal Power Plant Complex Rehabilitation Project Mitigation Renewable Energy JICA No JICA Country East Asia and Pacific Renewable energy Evaluation Methodoligies 2008 PDF icon Tiwi Geothermal Power Plant Complex Rehabilitation Project

Demand of power in the Philippines is concentrated in Luzon Grid by about 75%, however, construction or addition of a new power generation facility didn't take place until the second half of 1980s. Due to the deterioration of facilities, power generation function was seriously deteriorated and chronic power-cut persisted due to the lack of electricity until the first half of 1990s. The basic idea of the 3 energy policies upheld by the government of Philippines were "reliable power supply at reasonable price", "promotion of efficient energy use" and "development of energy with minimum environmental impact". Based on the basic idea, the country targeted to reduce dependency on imported oil from 51.4% in 1986 to 46.9% in 1992 and strengthen geothermal power generation.

Mak-Ban Geothermal Power Plant Complex Rehabilitation Project Mitigation Renewable Energy JICA No JICA East Asia and Pacific Renewable energy 2008 PDF icon Mak-Ban Geothermal Power Plant Complex Rehabilitation Project

The Philippines has the second most abundant geothermal energy in the world after the U.S in production and utilization of geothermal energy. Enhance the efficiency and reliability of the power generation facilities by repair/replacement of the existing facilities of Mak-ban Geothermal Power Plant in the Philippines, effectively use indigenour energy, and ultimately strike the balance of demand and supply of power at Luzon Grid.

Metro Manila Strategic Mass Rail Transit Development (I), (II), (III) Mitigation Transport JICA No JICA Local East Asia and Pacific Public Transport Transport 2008 PDF icon Metro Manila Strategic Mass Rail Transit Development (I), (II), (III) Evaluation

The early development of the mass public transport system, which is safe, comfortable, economical, punctual and clean, has been anticipated to resolve the worsened road transport condition, and planning of construction of elevated railway network, which is free from at-grade traffic congestion has been promoted. The project objective is to ease traffic congestion and improve the urban environment by improving traffic and transport conditions in Metro Manila, which is mainly relied on the road transportation mode, through construction of a new mass transit line (Line 2).

Greater Colombo Flood Control and Environment Improvment Project (II)(III) Adaptation Disaster risk reduction Tomoko Tamura No JICA Local South Asia Adaptation 2008 PDF icon Greater Colombo Flood Control and Environment Improvment Project (II)(III)

To mitigate flood damage by improving underdeveloped or old drainage systems in the most flood-affected areas of Greater Colombo, namely the five areas within the Colombo Municipal Council area and two areas in the Dehiwala Mount Lavinia Municipal council, thereby contributing to the improvement of living conditions in the area. Additionally, phase ll aimed at improving the living conditions in the project area through provision of water-supply, sewerage systems, and electricity.

The Project on Energy Conservation Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency JICA No JICA Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency 2008 PDF icon The Project on Energy Conservation

The government of the Republic of Turkey heavily depends upon imports for its energy. Hence, it has been eagerly promoting energy conservation since the oil crisis. However, the self-supply rate of energy was less than 50% in 1997. This rate has been declining year on year in line with the rapid increase in energy consumption. NECC has been promoting energy conservation primarily for more than 600 companies with large-scale plants by offering training courses in energy management. However, there were not enough training facilities available to achieve significant outcomes. The Turkish Government stipulated the

Project for Energy Efficiency Improvement of Power Plant in Turkey Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency JICA No JICA Country Europe and Central Asia Power plants Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2008 PDF icon Project for Energy Efficiency Improvement of Power Plant in Turkey

To improve energy efficiency, an effective approach was taken to improve the maintenance and control capacity of the power plant employees in conjunction with measures to recover the performance of depreciated power faciliries through rehabilitation (renewal). Presently, the priority issue for EUAS is to rehabilitate thermal power plants that have been in operation for 20 to 25 years in a total of ten locations. There is a high need to improve the energy efficiency of its coal-fired thermal power plants, while keeping in mind the effective use of coal, one of its few domestic resources, global environmental problems, and EU membership. However, due to inadequate cumulative knowledge and experience on the part of EUAS in rehabilitating power facilities, it did not have sufficient capacity to appropriately plan, imprement, and manage rehabilitation, in addition to a lack of technical skills and knowledge to apptopriately maintenance the rehabilitated facilities.

Poland - Japan Energy Conservation Technology Centre Project Mitigation Policy and research JICA No JICA Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2008 PDF icon Poland - Japan Energy Conservation Technology Centre Project

The Republic of Poland has become an energy-importing country since 1986 because of increasing oil and natural gas consumption. In order to facilitate such circumstances, it promotes policies aiming at enhancing energy security, industrial competitiveness and environmental protection by furnishing the Energy Law and the related legislations in 1997. Poland works very hard to realize various international treaties in energy conservation such as Kyoto Protocol as priority because Poland's accession to the European Union is in progress. From the viewpoint of international cooperation, Poland ratified Kyoto Protocol in 2002. It is Poland's priority to endeavor the implementation and realization of energy conservation and environmental regulations of EU.

Kolkata East-West Metro Project Mitigation Transport JICA No JICA Local South Asia Public Transport Transport 2007 PDF icon Kolkata East-West Metro Project

The Kolkata metropolitan area relies heavily on road traffic as a mode of transportation, as evidenced by the fact that public and privately owned bus lines have a 68% share of the city's mode of transport, compared to 25% for suburban railroad and loop lines, 2% for streetcars, 2% for subways, and 3% for ferries.This project aims to cope with the surge in transport needs in the Kolkata metropolitan area in the state of West Bengal, India, by establishing a mass transit system in the region, and thereby help activate the regional economy and improve the urban environment through alleviation of traffic congestion and reduction of environmental pollution caused by traffic jams.

Delhi Mass Rapid Transport System Project Phase 2 (III) Mitigation Transport JICA No JICA Local South Asia Public Transport Transport 2007 PDF icon Delhi Mass Rapid Transport System Project Phase 2 (III)

In large cities like Delhi and Kolkata, traffic congestion accompanying the increase in road traffic demands has become a serious issue, accelerating economic loss and health hazards caused by atmospheric contamination, noise and other forms of vehicle-related pollution. Consequently, there is a need to develop a public transportation system for alleviating traffic congestion and improving the urban environment. The objective of this project is to cope with the surge in traffic demand in the Delhi metropolitan area, the capital city of India, by extending the mass rapid transportation system with a total length of approximately 83 km, and thereby promoting regional economic development and improving urban environment, through mitigation of traffic jams and decrease of pollution caused by the increasing number of motor vehicles.

Hanoi City Urban Railway Construction Project: Nam Thang Long - Tran Hung Dao Section (Line 2) (I) Adaptation Biomass JICA Yes JICA Country South Asia Adaptation Evaluation Methodoligies 2008 Vietnam PDF icon Hanoi City Urban Railway Construction Project: Nam Thang Long - Tran Hung Dao Section (Line 2) (I)
Chennai Metro Project Mitigation Transport JICA No JICA Local South Asia Public Transport Transport 2008 PDF icon Chennai Metro Project

In Delhi, Chennai and other major cities in India, increased traffic congestion resulting from an increase in road traffic demand has become a serious problem leading to worsening economic losses and health problems arising from vehicle pollution such as air pollution and noise pollution. Accordingly a public transport system is necessary to alleviate traffic congestion and improve the urban environment. This project aims to cope with the surge of transport demand in the Chennai metropolitan area in the Tamil Nadu State, southern India, by establishing a mass rapid transport system, and thereby contribute to development of the regional economy and improvement in the urban environment by relieving traffic congestion and reducing traffic pollution.

Mass Transit System Project in Bangkok (Purple Line) (I) Mitigation Transport JICA No JICA Local East Asia and Pacific Public Transport Transport 2007 PDF icon Mass Transit System Project in Bangkok (Purple Line) (I)

The Bangkok Metropolitan area has a population of approximately 9.79 million people (as of 2005) and is the political and economic center of Thailand. With Thailand's economic recovery following the Asian currency crisis, urban industrial activity has surged, leading to an increase in the number of automobiles and other vehicles. As a result, there has been a serious rise in traffic congestion in the transportation system, which depends heavily on the automobile. Moreover, air pollution caused by automobiles is recognized as a problem, and measures to ease the load on the environment are required. The aim of this project is to increase in traffic demand and mitigate traffic congestion in Bangkok Metropolitan Area by constructing new mass transit railway line, thereby contributing to urban economic development and environmental improvement.

Delhi Mass Rapid Transport System Project Phase 2 (IV) Mitigation Transport JICA No JICA Local South Asia Public Transport Transport 2008 PDF icon Delhi Mass Rapid Transport System Project Phase 2 (IV)

In recent years in India, urbanization continues to progress and the number of registered cars and motorcycles increase dramatically. As a result, the traffic congestion in urban areas has become a serious problem. In large cities like Delhi and Chennai, the traffic congestion accompanying the increase in road traffic demands has become a serious issue, accelerating economic loss and health hazards caused by environment contamination, noise and other forms of vehicle-related pollution. Consequently, there is a need to develop a most suited public transportation system for alleviating traffic congestion and reducing vehicle pollution. The objective of this project is to cope with the surge in traffic demand in the Delhi metropolitan area, the capital city of India, by extending the mass rapid transportation system with a total length of approximately 83 km, and thereby promoting regional economic development and improving urban environment, through mitigation of traffic jams and decrease of pollution caused by the increasing number of motor vehicles.

Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Promoting Project Mitigation Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency JICA No JICA Private Sector East Asia and Pacific Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) 2009 PDF icon Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Promoting Project

The objective of this project is to promote Energy Efficiency (EE) activities and Renewable Energy (RE) investments in enterprises (End-borrowers) in Vietnam, by promoting awareness campaign, and providing financial assistance to End-borrowers through the Vietnam Development Bank (VDB), and to strengthen the appraisal capacity of VDB through the technical assistance (TA), utilizing the experience of environmental financing in Japan. In doing so, the Project will contribute to sustainable development of Vietnam and mitigation of global climate change through reducing Greenhouse Gas (GHG).

Chennai Metro Project (II) Mitigation Transport JICA No JICA Local South Asia Public Transport Transport 2009 PDF icon Chennai Metro Project (II)

The objective of the Project is to cope with the growing traffic demand in the Chennai metropolitan area in the State of Tamil Nadu, by developing the mass rapid transit system, thereby contributing to regional economic development and improvement of the urban environment through alleviation of traffic congestion and reduction of traffic pollution. The Project aims to develop a mass rapid transit system with two lines totaling approximately 43 km in length in the Chennai metropolitan area.

Bheramara Combined Cycle Power Plant Development Project Adaptation Biomass JICA Yes JICA Country South Asia Adaptation Evaluation Methodoligies 2009 Bangladesh PDF icon Bheramara Combined Cycle Power Plant Development Project
Rural Electrification Upgradation Project Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency JICA No JICA Local South Asia Power plants Energy efficiency 2009 PDF icon Rural Electrification Upgradation Project

The project aims to improve the efficiency and stability of electricity supply in the rural areas from Jamuna River and to the south/west through the construction and rehabilitation of power distribution facilities. The Project in particular is expected to contribute to the improvement of livelihood in the poverty-stricken rural areas through efforts to satisfy power demand that increases in the dry season for the better operation of irrigation facilities. In addition, the Project is also expected to reduce system loss in the existing power distribution networkThe purpose of the Project is to construct and rehabilitate the existing power distribution facilities to reduce power distribution loss and strengthen and stabilize the power supply systems, which will make power supply efficient and thereby contribute to the economic development and poverty reduction in the western and the southern part of Bangladesh. In addition, the Project will also contribute to the elimination of greenhouse gas through improvements in the efficiency of aged power distribution facilities.

Metropolitan Railway Electrification Project (II) Mitigation Transport JICA No JICA Local Middle East and North Africa Public Transport Transport 2009 PDF icon Metropolitan Railway Electrification Project (II)

The population of the Tunis metropolitan area is approximately 2.39 million (as of 2008), and is the center of the economy, society, and the administration of Tunisia. The population growth rate of the metropolitan area has reached 1.5% per year. Due to the geographical constraints, the increasing population has led the city to expand rapidly to the north and south, and is causing a serious rush-hour traffic congestion problem and environmental aggravation. The number of private automobiles per 1, 000 people has rose from 60 in 1994 to 100 in 2002, due to the relaxation of automobile import regulations, etc., in the recent years. Moreover, the traffic volume is predicted to rise 2.6% per year by 2021, and is obvious that the problem is worsening. The objective of the project is to correspond to the increasing transportation demand in the southern part of the Tunis metropolitan area, reduce traffic congestion by shifting the transportation from road to railway, and contribute to the alleviation of air pollution through electrification of the 23 km-railway (Tunis - Borj Cedria) of the southern metropolitan area.

Proyecto Fomento de Energías Renovables - PROFER, República Dominicana Mitigation Renewable Energy Arnold Bergstraesser Institut No GTZ Country Latin America and Caribbean Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2007 PDF icon Proyecto Fomento de Energias Renovables - PROFER, Republica Dominicana

Para cubrir su demanda de energía, la República Dominicana (RD) depende fuertemente de combustibles fósiles importados. Al mismo tiempo, el país dispone de un alto potencial de energías renovables (energía hidráulica, eólica y solar, biomasa) que casi no se explota. Una de las razones principales del poco uso es la falta de un marco legal transparente y de instrumentos de fomento. Por ello, las experiencias con tecnologías propias de uso sostenible de fuentes energéticas renovables son escasas o inexistentes. Además, un número estimado de 350.000 hogares, sobre todo a nivel rural, no tiene suministro de energía eléctrica lo que afecta, de manera correspondiente, la calidad de vida de las personas, sus posibilidades económicas y de empleo, la atención de salud y el acceso a información y comunicación. Para estos hogares, las tecnologías de energías renovables son una opción ecológica y muchas veces también de bajo costo para obtener electricidad.

Nepal, Small Hydropower Promotion Mitigation Renewable Energy Center for Evaluation No GTZ Local South Asia Renewable energy 2007 PDF icon Nepal, Small Hydropower Promotion

The project addresses the problem of inadequate electricity supply and aims to improve the social and economic livelihood of the rural population. The overall objective is therefore to increase the distribution of hydropower stations in order to assure energy supply through small hydropower in rural areas of the country. To achieve the objective, the project uses a multi-level-approach. On the macro level, government institutions are supported in the revision and compilation of legislative proposals and general guidelines for the SHP sector as well as for rural electrification. On the meso level, the project serves as a brokerage and mediation authority for investors, banks and end-users in the SHP sector. On the micro level, the project supports end users through training measures. The emphasis of the project activities is on the meso level. The intended direct result of the project is increased distribution of private small hydropower plants (SHP) in rural areas, assuring the provision of energy independent of state involvement.

Support Program to Respond to Climate Change (I) Disaster risk reduction JICA No JICA Country East Asia and Pacific Disaster Risk Reduction 2010 PDF icon Support Program to Respond to Climate Change (I)

Viet Nam has a long coastline stretching roughly 3, 400 km and a vast delta area. According to the researches done by other donors and institutions, such as the World Bank, Viet Nam is one of the most vulnerable countries to effects of climate change. The Government of Viet Nam announced analytical results of potential effects of climate change scenarios, which indicated that the average temperature would go up by 2.3

Talimarjan Thermal Power Station Extension Project Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency JICA No JICA Local Europe and Central Asia Power plants Energy efficiency 2010 PDF icon Talimarjan Thermal Power Station Extension Project

In the Republic of Uzbekistan, the electricity demand has been growing at an annual average rate of 2% while the economy has been growing steadily since 2002. According to the electricity demand forecast made by the state-run electricity company of Uzbekistan in 2004 for the 10 years from 2005 to 2014, the demand will keep growing at about the same rate. With 8.1% of economic growth in 2009, further growth of electricity demand is expected. The electricity demand in 2015 is estimated at 57.9TWh.Although the current gross rated capacity of power generation in the country is approx. 12, 400MW (86% by thermal power, 14% by hydraulic power), the effective generation capacity in 2008 remained at approx. 10, 000MW due to obsolete equipments (over 40-50 years old) and other factors.

Delhi Mass Rapid Transport System Project Phase 2 (V) Mitigation Transport JICA No JICA Local South Asia Public Transport Transport 2009 PDF icon Delhi Mass Rapid Transport System Project Phase 2 (V)

The objective of the Project is to cope with the growing traffic demand in the Delhi metropolitan area, the capital city of India, by extending the mass rapid transport system totaling approximately 83 km in length, thereby contributing regional economic development and improvement of the urban environment, through alleviation of traffic congestion and reduction of traffic pollution. As the phase 2 part of the entire Delhi Mass Rapid Transport System Project envisaging the construction of 414 km of urban railway in Delhi metropolitan area, the Project aims to extend underground and elevated railway totaling 83km in length (7 segments in 6 lines).

Kolkata East-West Metro Project (II) Mitigation Transport JICA No JICA Local South Asia Transport Evaluation Methodoligies 2009 PDF icon Kolkata East-West Metro Project (II)

The objective of the Project is to cope with the growing traffic demand in the Kolkata metropolitan area in the State of West Bengal, by developing a mass rapid transit system, thereby contributing to regional economic development and improvement of the urban environment, through alleviation of traffic congestion and reduction of traffic pollution. The Project aims to develop a mass rapid transit system in the East-West direction totaling approximately 14 km in length between Howrah Maiden and Salt Lake in the Kolkata metropolitan area.

Uso Eficiente de Energia em Pequenas e Médias Empresas do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Gabriele Struck No GTZ Local Latin America and Caribbean Energy efficiency Evaluation Methodoligies 2007 PDF icon Uso Eficiente de Energia em Pequenas e Médias Empresas do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil

Objeto da Avaliação ex-post (Ex-Post-Evaluierung) é o Projeto apoiado pela GTZ Uso Eficiente de Energia em Pequenas e Médias Empresas do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ("Energieeinsparung in Klein- und Mittelindustrie im Bundesstaat Rio de Janeiro"). Trata-se de uma Atividade de Apoio ao Desenvolvimento ligada á cooperação técnica para o desenvolvimento realizada no Brasil. Este projeto foi desenvolvido em duas fases de fomento, tendo iniciado em julho de 1995 e sendo finalizado em junho de 2004, com uma duração de 9 anos. A organização responsável pela execução e organização do projeto foi o SEBRAE/RJ (Serviço Brasileiro de Apoio ás Micro e Pequenas Empresas do Rio de Janeiro), tendo como parceiros (em cooperação com) o INT (Instituto Nacional de Tecnologia), o SENAI/RJ (Serviço Nacional de Aprendizagem Industrial do Rio de Janeiro) e na segunda fase o CEFET/RJ (Centro Federal de Educação Tecnológica Celso Suckow da Fonseca/ Rio de Janeiro).

Proyecto Incremento de la Eficiencia Energética y Productiva (PIEEP), Argentina Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Fritz K No GTZ Country Latin America and Caribbean Energy efficiency Evaluation Methodoligies 2007 PDF icon Proyecto Incremento de la Eficiencia Energética y Productiva (PIEEP), Argentina

La implementación del PIEEP (1999 - 2005) tomaba parte en una época caracterizada por cambios profundos y rápidos y varias crisis económicas y políticas. Sobre todo la crisis del sector financiero (2001) representó una limitación importante de los supuestos que se había tomado en la planificación del proyecto. Estos hechos no planificados limitaron la capacidad general del sector de PyMEs para modernizarse. A partir del 2003 empezó, conjunto con la estabilización política, una fase de crecimiento económico rápido, caracterizada por refundaciones de empresas y una reducción significativa del desempleo. Con eso cambiaba el enfoque del proyecto: antes el objectivo era principalmente una mejor competitividad de las PyMEs, lograda por un incremento de la eficiencia energética y productiva. En cambio, a partir del 2005, el desafio fue en el mejoramiento de la seguridad del suministro energético, ya que el crecimiento económico, en conjunto con la falta de inversiones, llevó a problemas del suministro energético.

Africa NA, Programme Energie Domestique Sahel - Programme R Mitigation Renewable Energy Institut S No GTZ Country Subsaharan Africa Sustainable community development Evaluation Methodoligies 2007 PDF icon Africa NA, Programme Energie Domestique Sahel - Programme R

L'évaluation ex-post du Programme Energie Domestique Sahel "(PED Sahel) a été mise en oeuvre par l'institut Südwind chargé par la GTZ. L'équipe d'évaluation était composée d'Oliver Karkoschka (expert international) et d'Ibrahima Sylla comme expert national. L'évaluation s'est déroulée sur la période d'octobre 2007 á janvier 2008. Les analyses au Mali et Burkina Faso ont eu lieu du 25.11. au 15.12. 2007. L'évaluation de la performance s'est effectuée á travers les cinq critères d'évaluation de l'OCDE-CAD. L'objet de l'évaluation a été le "Programme Energie Domestique Sahel" (PED Sahel) qui a été intégré dans le "Programme Régional des Énergies Domestiques et Alternatives au Sahel (PREDAS)" dans sa deuxième phase. La durée totale du projet a été de dix ans étalés en deux phases sur la période de janvier 1996 á décembre 2005. La contribution totale de la partie allemande s'est élevée á 2,838 Mio. EUR.

Energy Advisory Project, Uganda. Independent Evaluation of an Ongoing Programme 2007. Brief report 2007 Mitigation Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency AGEG Consultants eG No GTZ Private Sector and Local Subsaharan Africa Energy access Sustainable community development 2007 PDF icon Energy Advisory Project, Uganda. Independent Evaluation of an Ongoing Programme 2007. Brief report 2007

The Energy Policy Consultation Project was designed and started in 1999 at a time when the entire Ugandan energy economy, and especially the electricity supply sector, was in a state of collapse (there was step-by-step privatisation and liberalisation of the market). The Department of Energy in the Ministry of Mining and Energy was chosen to be the national state partner in this project and this Department was at that time also going through a phase of development and decision making on locations for projects to be carried out. The original project goal was conceived as follows, :

Renewable Energies in Rural Areas, China. Final evaluation 2007. Brief Report Andreas Oberheitmann, et al GTZ East Asia and Pacific 2007 PDF icon Renewable Energies in Rural Areas, China. Final evaluation 2007. Brief Report
Energy Efficiency Promotion Project (ENEP), Thailand. Ex-post Evaluation 2007. Brief report 2009 Mitigation Industrial Energy Efficiency Dr. Wolfgang Meyer, et al No GTZ Private Sector East Asia and Pacific Energy efficiency 2007 PDF icon Energy Efficiency Promotion Project (ENEP), Thailand. Ex-post Evaluation 2007. Brief report 2009

Thailand was a net energy importing country since it began a new phase of coordinated eco-nomic development in 1964. In turning from an agro-based economy to an industrial-based one, there has been a rapid and constant increase of energy consumption in Thailand, the only exception being during an energy crisis between mid-1997 and 1999. The interest in energy conservation for commercial buildings arose after an oil price hike and an oil short-age. Thailand's policy measure on energy efficiency in buildings is constituted by the Ministe-rial Regulation issued under the Energy Conservation Promotion Act.

Cross-section evaluationof independent evaluations Adaptation Biomass Fritz K Yes GTZ Country Europe and Central Asia Adaptation Evaluation Methodoligies 2007 PDF icon Cross-section evaluationof independent evaluations
TERNA (Technical Expertise for Renewable Energy Application), Ethiopia. Evaluation of ongoing programmes 2007. Brief Report 2008 Mitigation Renewable Energy Kirchheim, et al No GTZ Country Subsaharan Africa Wind energy Renewable energy 2007 PDF icon TERNA (Technical Expertise for Renewable Energy Application), Ethiopia. Evaluation of ongoing programmes 2007. Brief Report 2008

The stated overall objective of the current TERNA programme is to improve the technical and economic capacities of experts and managers of public and private organisations to promote grid connected wind energy utilization. TERNA's concept rests on a straightforward results chain: The existence of the TERNA program, its Public Relation work, country studies and the considerable success of wind energy in Germany and other European countries triggers interest of partners in wind energy. This leads to joint country programmes that consist of resource assessments and capacity and awareness building and/or energy policy consulting.

Resource-conserving Irrigation with Photovoltaic Pumping Systems, Chile. Ex-post Evaluation 2007. Brief Report 2008 Mitigation Renewable Energy Kirchheim unter Teck, et al No GTZ Local Latin America and Caribbean Renewable energy 2007 PDF icon Resource-conserving Irrigation with Photovoltaic Pumping Systems, Chile. Ex-post Evaluation 2007. Brief Report 2008

The project contribution includes provision of the photovoltaic pumps, on-the-job training, public relations work, consultancy and continuous support, as well as documenting the experiences. At the time Germany's assistance ended in May 2002, the partner experts and equipment users in the three project countries Chile, Ethiopia and Jordan had been qualified to evaluate the PVP technology for irrigation purposes from organisational, economic and technical perspectives and where appropriate to share their experiences with intermediary institutions. It was possible to demonstrate the technical reliability and ecological advantages of the irrigation systems during the pilot projects in the three countries. Valuable findings were made at least in Chile as regards the economic evaluation of the application potentials of such systems.

Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (REEE), Pakistan Adaptation Biomass Deutsche Gesellschaft f Yes GTZ Country South Asia Adaptation Evaluation Methodoligies 2007 Pakistan PDF icon Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (REEE), Pakistan
Natural Disasters and Climate Change in Finnish Aid from the Perspective of Poverty Reduction Adaptation Disaster risk reduction Govindarajalu Srinivasan, et al No FINIDA Global Adaptation Special Evaluation Study 2009 PDF icon 395.pdf

The overall purpose is to examine from an expert external perspective, if this policy focus has had tangible impacts that have left communities and nations in a better position to cope with disasters. Due to different factors (e.g. increased poverty, climate variability and change) disasters are becoming more common. Frequent disasters push poverty and environmental degradation further down to complete a vicious cycle that begins with poverty linked enhanced vulnerability to natural hazards. Recognition of these linkages is a key factor in making a sustained impact through aid interventions, particularly in the context of climate change scenarios of enhanced incidence of adverse weather events.

Lake Balaton Integrated Vulnerability Assessment Early Warning and Adaptation Strategies Adaptation Other Adaptation Jean-Joseph Bellamy Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Adaptation 2008 PDF icon Lake Balaton Integrated Vulnerability Assessment Early Warning and Adaptation Strategies

The project goal is to facilitate the development and implementation of effective adaptive strategies. The objective of the project is to contribute to a better understanding of the Lake Balaton ecological and socio/economic system's vulnerability and resilience arising from multiple forces of global and local change, including land use, demographic, economic and climate change and build capacity for more effective policy making and adaptation measures in response.

Capacity Building for Stage II Adaptation to Climate Change in Central America, Mexico and Cuba Adaptation Enabling Activities EOLOGICA - Remi Rijs Yes UNDP Regional Latin America and Caribbean Adaptation Final Evaluation 2008 PDF icon Capacity Building for Stage II Adaptation to Climate Change in Central America, Mexico and Cuba

The project was conceived as a UNDP/GEF enabling activity with the aim to support the countries in the region in their efforts to include vulnerability to climate change in their adaptation strategies. The project would also support the countries to prepare the National Communications under the UNFCCC. An important element was the application of the Adaptation Policy Framework (APF) as a tool for the analysis, design and implementation of adaptation strategies. Each country would work on this subject and receive technical assistance from international experts and exchange experiences and methodologies during workshops and international seminars.

Capacity Building for Disaster Reduction Adaptation Disaster risk reduction Ian Christoplos; Bach Tan Sinh No UNDP Country East Asia and Pacific Adaptation Outcome Evaluation 2004 Vietnam PDF icon Capacity Building for Disaster Reduction

This evaluation assesses the outcomes of UNDP's support to capacity building for disaster reduction in Vietnam. It considers how a wide variety of initiatives, ranging from specialised technical assistance to the creation of multi-stakeholder partnerships, have contributed to enhancing capacities for disaster mitigation, preparedness, early warning, response and recovery. It also analyses how the

Rapport D'evaluation Du Programme De PNUD Sur La Gestion De Risques et Desastre Adaptation Disaster risk reduction No UNDP Country Latin America and Caribbean Adaptation Outcome Evaluation 2008 Haiti PDF icon Rapport D'evaluation Du Programme De PNUD Sur La Gestion De Risques et Desastre

Dans le but de poursuivre son appui technique et stratégique au Système National de Gestion de Risques et Désastres(SNGRD), le PNUD Ha

Amelioration des capacites nationales et locales de prevention et de gestion des risques Adaptation Disaster risk reduction Jean Marie Sabushimike No UNDP Country Subsaharan Africa Adaptation Outcome Evaluation 2009 PDF icon Amelioration des capacites nationales et locales de prevention et de gestion des risques

L'effet recherché par le Programme de pays 2005-2009 du Burundi dans le Renforcement des Capacités dans les domaines de l'environnement, de la prévention et de la gestion des risques naturels et des catastrophes est

Natural Disaster Preparedness and Risk Reduction for Communities in high-risk Districts Adaptation Disaster risk reduction Alexandra Galperin No UNDP Local Europe and Central Asia Adaptation Outcome Evaluation 2007 Kyrgyzstan PDF icon Natural Disaster Preparedness and Risk Reduction for Communities in high-risk Districts

The regional program results from consultations in Central Asia on environment and security issues in 2003 - 2005 that emphasized the importance of natural disasters as part of an environmental security agenda. It was therefore decided to add disaster risk management as a component to the environment and security program that focuses upon the Ferghana Valley as a regional hot spot. In the course of planning the more ambitious overall goals of the program which aimed to reduce disaster risk as a potential conflict generating factor in the valley were effectively reduced to two largely local and independent project proposals submitted by UNDP Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. The third country bordering upon the Ferghana Valley, Uzbekistan did not join the program.

Disaster Risk Management Program Adaptation Disaster risk reduction Alexandra Galperin No UNDP Local Europe and Central Asia Adaptation Outcome Evaluation 2007 Kyrgyzstan PDF icon Disaster Risk Management Program

The program is pursuing an impressive and creative variety of activities based upon the realization that risk management requires the building of capacities of communities and government organizations and institutions at various levels. The program is appreciated by government counterparts at the national, provincial and sub-district level as well as by communities. Given its limited financial dimension the level of awareness of its existence and main aims is impressive particularly at the national level (even the Minister is well aware of it). This provides a good basis for the future of the program and follow-up.

Fortalecimiento de las capacidades del Sistema Nacional de Emergencias Adaptation Disaster risk reduction Gerardo Garcia Miranda No UNDP Country Latin America and Caribbean Adaptation 2009 PDF icon Fortalecimiento de las capacidades del Sistema Nacional de Emergencias

El objetivo es el fortalecimiento de las capacidades del sistema Nacional de Emergencia y el desarrollo de las politicas y de un programa de reduccion de riesgos para introducir el manejo de riesgos en los procesos del desarrollo de Uruguay. Para ello se impulsara un proceso para desarrollar el SNE a partir de un marco de politicas, estrategias, de normas legales y de un programa de gestion de riesgo conducentes a incorporar la reduccion de riesgos en las actividades de desarrollo del pais.

GOI-UNDP Disaster Risk Management Project Adaptation Disaster risk reduction Asian Prepardness Disaster Center No UNDP Country South Asia Adaptation Outcome Evaluation 2008 PDF icon GOI-UNDP Disaster Risk Management Project

The evaluation was carried out through extensive visits to fourteen states which included meeting with key officials at State and District Level and visits to the program areas;. Information was collated and an analysis of outputs, outcomes and overall impact of the program in relation to NDM Framework and DRM Program goals and objectives and main result areas were studied. A framework of action for sustainability was developed considering the overall environment in the country and the progress made since the Disaster Management Act, 2005. An assessment of the partnership strategy with respect to current and future initiatives of UNDP and Government of India was also carried out.

Disaster Risk Management Program Adaptation Disaster risk reduction Santosh Kumar; K. Mukundan; Nisheeth Kumar; Prema Gopalan; Kenneth Westgate No UNDP Country South Asia Adaptation Outcome Evaluation 2006 PDF icon Disaster Risk Management Program

The overall program aims to contribute towards social and economic development goals of the National Governments and State Governments in two sub national networking hubs to minimize loss of development from Natural Disasters and reduce vulnerability. As per the design, the expected output of the program is to demonstrate a sustainable model for mainstreaming disaster risk management (DRM) at different levels with special focus at District and Community Level. The core theme however, is to strengthen capacities of communities, local selfgovernments and districts to deal with future disasters. The projects indicators of achieving the objectives are: Risk reduction factored in rapid disaster recovery.Disaster mitigated and development gains protected. Disaster risk considerations mainstreamed into development. Gender equity in preparedness.

Strengthening the Disaster Mitigation and Management Systems in Mongolia Project, Phase II Adaptation Disaster risk reduction Mr. Terry Jeggle; Mr. Earl James Goodyear; Ms. Purevsuren Lamjav No UNDP Country East Asia and Pacific Adaptation Final Evaluation 2007 PDF icon Strengthening the Disaster Mitigation and Management Systems in Mongolia Project, Phase II

The overall expected outcome of this project is the improvement of the risk reduction and disaster management capacity of the Mongolian disaster management system at the national and local levels. The capacity of the National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA) offices responsible for emergency management and operational capacity of local offices will be enhanced by new technologies and training provided by the Project. To ensure the sustainability of the project activities at the grassroots levels after completion, local or national NGOs will continue the project strategy and actions.

Strengthening capacity for disaster management in Zimbabwe Adaptation Disaster risk reduction Best Practices (PVT) Ltd - G.I Manikai No UNDP Country Subsaharan Africa Adaptation Final Evaluation 2010 PDF icon Strengthening capacity for disaster management in Zimbabwe

The project aimed at strengthening the capacity of government at all levels to support local communities to be better prepared for disasters and to be more effective in responding to disasters when they occur. As a result of this intervention, communities will become more aware of disaster risks and how they can be reduced. The primary target beneficiaries are central government through the Department of Civil Protection, local government through Provincial and District disaster management committees and local population at grassroots.The project focuses on five main areas:Institutional capacity needs assessment (Assessing structures, systems, human resources, capital, equipment etc). Disaster risk assessment (analysis of the hazards, vulnerabilities and capacity of communities to determine the nature and extent of their risk). Updating the national strategy and plan and also supporting the preparation of pilot provincial and district disaster management strategies and plans in selected pilot provinces and districts. Support to the legislative and policy development and implementation process and institutional strengthening (Done through training, equipment and materials acquisition).

Transformation of Rural Photovoltaic Market in Tanzania Project Mitigation Renewable Energy Eng. Mohamed Ali Hamid, Eng. Finias Magessa Yes UNDP Country Subsaharan Africa Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2009 PDF icon Transformation of Rural Photovoltaic Market in Tanzania Project

The Transformation of Rural Photovoltaic Market in Tanzania is a UNDP/GEF/GoT funded project aiming at reducing Tanzania's energy related CO2 emissions by introducing photovoltaic as substitute for fossil fuel (kerosene) utilized for lighting in rural areas. Geographically the project was targeting the Mwanza region with the aim to replicate the experience gained in Shinyanga, Kagera and Mara regions. The project has been operational since March 2004 with the first phase ended in December 2006 where a Mid?Term evaluation was conducted. The second phase was planned to overlap and intended for the replication of the Mwanza experience in Shinyanga, Kageera and Mara.

Midterm Review of the READY II Project Adaptation Disaster risk reduction Antonio L. Fernandez and Alwynn C. Javier No UNDP Local East Asia and Pacific Adaptation 2010 PDF icon Midterm Review of the READY II Project

The READY Project's overall goal is to contribute to the goal of strengthening the capacities of key stakeholders in localities vulnerable to natural hazards to protect/enhance the quality of the environment and sustainably manage their natural resources, as well as their capacities to prepare and respond appropriately to natural disasters. The project aims to provide immediate, reliable information to the communities at risk, on the various geological and hydro-meteorological hazards in their respective localities. Its three immediate objectives are: Equip key stakeholder groups with the resources (financial, technical, and/or advisory services), knowledge and training that enable them to perform effectively for disaster risk reduction; Strengthen coordination processes and procedures, within organizations and sectors (public, private and community) for effective risk reduction; and initiate the mainstreaming of risk reduction into local development planning.

Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme Adaptation Disaster risk reduction Nicholas Russell, et al. No UNDP Country South Asia Adaptation Final Evaluation 2009 PDF icon Comprehensive Disaster Management Programme

The Comprehensive Disaster Management Program (CDPM) is a five year multi-development partner supported programme, running from 2004 to 2009. The overall aim of CDMP is to take a multi-hazard approach to disasters and to generate a paradigm shift in disaster management, away from relief and rehabilitation towards a more holistic approach to reducing risks and vulnerabilities. Significantly, CDMP was also designed to institutionalise the adoption of DRR approaches, not only in the host ministry (Ministry of Food and Disaster Management), but more broadly across mainstream sector ministries. Lastly, CDMP was conceived and has been developed, as a multi-development partner framework in an attempt to harmonise development assitance across the field of disaster risk reduction.

Comprehensive Disaster Risk Reduction Programme (CDRRP) Mitigation Disaster risk reduction Krishna S. Vatsa No UNDP Country South Asia Adaptation 2009 PDF icon Comprehensive Disaster Risk Reduction Programme (CDRRP)

Afghanistan has always been prone to natural disasters. Floods, drought, and earthquakes have been the most common disasters in the country, causing loss of lives and property, and displacing people. Extreme winter conditions and avalanches too are recurrent in the mountainous areas of the country. Years of conflict, high levels of poverty and unemployment, environmental degradation and poor infrastructure have increased the vulnerability of the people. The institutional framework for disaster risk management in Afghanistan remains weak. It is against this backdrop that UNDP supported the Government of Afghanistan in developing and implementing the Comprehensive Disaster Risk Reduction Project (CDRRP).

Lake Balaton Integrated Vulnerability Assessment Early Warning and Adaptation Strategies Adaptation Science, assessment, monitoring and early warning Jean-Joseph Bellamy Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Adaptation Final Evaluation 2010 PDF icon Lake Balaton Integrated Vulnerability Assessment Early Warning and Adaptation Strategies

The objective of the project was to contribute to a better understanding of the Lake Balaton ecological and socio/economic system's vulnerability and resilience arising from multiple forces of global and local change, including land use, demographic, economic and climate change and build capacity for more effective policy making and adaptation measures in response. The project strategy included five outcomes: Strengthened ecological and socio/economic resilience by increased understanding of lake and watershed processes viewed through the lens of vulnerability and adaptation; Strengthened capacity for formulating and implementing adaptive strategies compatible with sustainable development; Strengthened the policy framework conducive to adaptive management with particular interest to institutional mechanisms and economic incentives and disincentives; Facilitated adaptation to the impacts of climate change through direct action in the form of pilot initiatives funded through LBDC's existing small grants facility and innovative financing mechanisms; and, Enhanced public and policymaker awareness of integrated vulnerability and adaptation approaches locally, nationally and internationally, including contribution to the GEF's project on the Adaptation Learning Mechanisms.

Supply-side efficiency and energy conservation and planning project Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Klickenberg Consultants - Frank Klickenberg et al Yes UNDP Country Middle East and North Africa Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2006 PDF icon Supply-side efficiency and energy conservation and planning project

The project was developed to strengthen the capacity of the Syrian Arab Republic to implement and sustain long-term energy efficiency efforts that will have positive impacts on both global and local environments. The project was expected to contribute to the development objective through the creation of a multi-purpose Syrian Energy Services Centre (SECS) and a National Energy Efficiency Program (NEEP) and by improving supply-side efficiency through the demostration of Efficiency Management Systems and Maintenance Management Systems (EMS/MMS) at the Banias Power Plant. The initial project design proposed 29 project outputs under the five project objectives, which were slightly redesigned after the mid term evaluation following the evaluation recommendarions.

Removing Barriers to the Increased Use of Biomass as an Energy Source - Slovenia Mitigation Biomass Resource Mobilization Advisors - Brad Johnson Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2008 PDF icon Slovenia - Removing Barriers to the Increased Use of Biomass as an Energy Source

The objective of the project was to reduce the CO2 emissions of Slovenia by removing barriers to the increased use of biomass as an energy source. The project was intended to promote the increased use of biomass as an energy source in Slovenia by removing barriers to, and reducing the implementation costs of biomass based district heating projects in local communities; improving the energy efficiency of the existing boilers and individual fireplaces using biomass; and increasing the use of biomass for co-generation and in small individual boilers, when economically and environmentally feasible.

Removing Barriers to Coal Mine Methane Recovery and Utilization - Russia Mitigation Other Mitigation Raven Ridge Resources, Incorporated - James S. Marshall Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Renewable energy 2007 PDF icon Removing Barriers to Coal Mine Methane Recovery and Utilization - Russia

The project is designed to overcome the barriers that impede the implementation and financing of coal mine methane (CMM) recovery and use projects in Russia; and by doing so, contribute to the reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to the atmosphere. The project intends to do this by strengthening the institutional and financial framework for the promotion of CMM projects as well as facilitating the implementation of selected CMM use demonstration projects so as to promote the replication of the technology and methodologies throughout the Kuzbass and Russia.

Experimental validation of building Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency ALCOR - Rafik Missaoui Yes UNDP Country Middle East and North Africa Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2007 Tunisia PDF icon Experimental validation of building

Compte tenu de l'importance du secteur des bâtiments dans le bilan énergétique en Tunisie ainsi que les perspectives d'évolution de sa consommation d'énergie, l'État Tunisien a lancé dès 1991, un processus de mise en place d'une réglementation thermique des bâtiments afin de prendre en compte les mesures d'efficacité énergétique lors de la conception et la construction des bâtiments. L'évaluation a porté sur 3 domaines essentiels :La formulation du projet (pertinence du projet); La mise en œuvre et d'exécution du projet (efficience) ; Les résultats obtenus par le projet (efficacité, impact du projet et durabilité des acquis).

Desarrollo de la hidroelectricidad a peque Mitigation Renewable Energy Johannes (Jan) H.A. van den Akker, Mar Yes UNDP Local Latin America and Caribbean Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2009 PDF icon Desarrollo de la hidroelectricidad a peque

En 2001, sólo el 47% de la población de Nicaragua tenía acceso a la electricidad. Los programas de electrificación desarrollados por el Gobierno de Nicaragua con recursos del Fondo para el Desarrollo de la Industria Eléctrica Nacional (FODIEN), el Banco Interamericano de Desarrollo, el Banco Mundial y el Fondo de Contravalor Suizo para la Electrificación Rural (COSUDE), han aumentado el acceso a un 55% (el 68% seg

Removing Barriers to the Reconstruction of Public Lighting Systems in Slovakia Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Econoler International Inc. - Louis-Philippe Lavoie Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Lighting Energy efficiency 2007 Slovakia PDF icon Removing Barriers to the Reconstruction of Public Lighting Systems in Slovakia

The project has three outputs: the first will set up the Investment Facilitation Department (IFD). The outcome of this output will be a fully operational business unit with the capabilities of identifying, supporting and brokering public lighting investments.

Renewable Energy Technology Development and Application Project (RETDAP) Mitigation Renewable Energy Jan van den Akker, International consultant; Marie Saleem, National consultant Yes UNDP Country South Asia Renewable energy 2007 PDF icon Renewable Energy Technology Development and Application Project (RETDAP)

Maldives has no conventional energy resources (e.g., oil and gas) that it can utilize to meet its energy needs. Basically, the country utilizes imported petroleum fuels to meet all of its energy needs. Some renewable energy (RE) resources are recognized as potential alternatives, being indigenously available, having minimal environmental impacts and contributing to the balanced provision of services to dispersed island communities. Currently, renewable energy technology applications are limited to some application of solar photovoltaics in navigation lights and outer island telecommunication systems and the modest use of solar water heaters in Male' and in resorts.

Slovenia - Removing Barriers to the Increased Use of Biomass as an Energy Source Mitigation Biomass Dr. Pat DeLaquil and Mr. Paul Claus Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Renewable energy 2004 PDF icon Slovenia - Removing Barriers to the Increased Use of Biomass as an Energy Source

Wood biomass is the most abundant renewable energy resource in Slovenia, and the construction of biomass-based district heating (BDH) systems is a potential means of achieving greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reductions. This GEF project was designed to remove barriers to the increased use of biomass as an energy source, thereby reducing the fossil fuel consumption and associated greenhouse gas emissions. The project seeks to support the development of an initial set of BDH projects by covering the learning costs, reducing investor risks and demonstrating the technical and financial feasibility of the projects to the local communities and residents.

Capacity Building for the Adoption and Application of Thermal Standards for Buildings Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2007 Slovakia PDF icon Capacity Building for the Adoption and Application of Thermal Standards for Buildings

The project was developed in the late 1990s, to address the issue of high energy demand for heating of buildings in the Czech Republic, and the lack of implementation of low-cost and no-cost energy demand reduction measures. The development objective of the project was to reduce the CO2 emissions of the Czech Republic by improving the energy efficiency of the new buildings to be constructed, and thereby simultaneously reducing the operational costs and increase the comfort level of the apartments for their residents.

Community Micro Hydro for Sustainable Livelihood Mitigation Renewable Energy Frank Pool, International Consultant, New Zealand, and Tenpa Gurme, National Consultant, Bhutan Yes UNDP Local South Asia Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2009 PDF icon Community Micro Hydro for Sustainable Livelihood

The Kingdom of Bhutan is a small, mountainous, sparsely populated and predominantly rural Himalayan country, located between China to the North and India to the South. Bhutan has in excess of 30, 000 MW of hydropower potential, of which to date only around 5% has been developed. Bhutan has four large hydro power generating stations (Chhukha - 336 MW; Basochhu - 64 MW; Kurichhu - 60 MW; and Tala - 1020 MW) built with Indian and Austrian (Basochhu) government financing. The large hydropower projects in Bhutan have been primarily constructed to export electricity to India, although they also provide low cost electricity to the expanding Bhutan electrical grids.

Rural Energy Development Programme Mitigation Renewable Energy Soma Dutta, Rana Pratap Singh and Homa Thakali No UNDP Country South Asia Sustainable community development Final Evaluation 2007 PDF icon Rural Energy Development Programme

The Rural Energy Development Programme (REDP) is a joint initiative of the Government of Nepal (GoN), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the World Bank (WB), operational in more than 300 remote rural communities in 25 hilly districts of Nepal. The programme provides support at community, district and central levels for the enhancement of rural livelihoods through promotion of rural energy systems, particularly community managed micro hydro systems, which serve as an entry point for social, economic and environmental development.

Biomass Energy Development Project Mitigation Renewable Energy P. Balachandra; Anoja Wickramasinghe No UNDP Country South Asia Bio based energy Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2006 PDF icon Biomass Energy Development Project

Commonly, it has been considered that biomass energy is less cost effective, less efficient and of poor quality. Such misconceptions are also due to inadequate number of demonstrations carried out in Sri Lanka and very little awareness created among the investors and policy makers to move the concept forward as an economically viable enterprise and energy source. The present project was conceived to bridge this gap.The project on Biomass Energy Development was funded under Thematic Trust Funds (TTF) on Energy for Sustainable Development. For this particular project, the funds provided by the government of Norway were used. Four thematic areas: Thermal applications of biomass, Municipal waste gasification, Connecting private biomass plants to the national grid, and Information dissemination, were selected for implementation.

Removal of Barriers to Energy Efficiency and Improvements in the Steel Re-rolling Mill Sector in India Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Jan van den Akker, International consultant; Rajesh Kumar Singh, National consultant Yes UNDP Country South Asia Industrial and production process efficiency Energy efficiency 2008 India PDF icon Removal of Barriers to Energy Efficiency and Improvements in the Steel Re-rolling Mill Sector in India

Steel re-rolling is one of the most important segments of the steel industry, as it constitutes an unavoidable link in the total supply chain of iron and steel. The secondary steel production constitutes approximately 57% of the total steel production in India. It mainly takes place in steel re-rolling mills (SRRM) that usually are family-run small and medium enterprises (SMEs) with 75% of units in the small scale. The SRRM sector is comprised of about 1, 200 (working) re-rolling mills. The SRRM sector grew with 6% annually during 1997-2002. With no major large steel plant additions planned in the near future, the share of secondary is expected to grow in the near future, also because the sector has some competitive edge due to flexibility in production for meeting low-tonnage requirements in various grades, shapes and sizes to serve niche markets.

Promoting Energy Conservation in Small and Medium Scale Enterprises - Vietnam Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Roland Wong Yes UNDP Country East Asia and Pacific Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) 2007 PDF icon Promoting Energy Conservation in Small and Medium Scale Enterprises - Vietnam

The project development goal is to reduce the annual growth rate of GHG emissions through the removal of key barriers to the adoption of more energy efficient technologies and energy efficient practices in the Small and Medium Enterprises sector.To achieve this goal, the Project was designed with a number of expected project outcomes: Improved EE&EC awareness and improved capacity for EE&EC policy development that would increase the impact of existing policies and recently enacted EE&EC decree through strengthened relevant ministries, departments and agencies of the Government of Vietnam; Adoption of a communications strategy to enhance SME and public awareness of EE&EC through an integrated communications system including information collection, dissemination and reporting; Enhanced EE&EC capacity that has been developed through a comprehensive training plan that improves technical and financial skills; High quality and sustainable energy services available in Vietnam through development of technical support for EE&EC professionals; Improved understanding of the banking and financial sector of the benefits of EE&EC investments to the extent that they would be willing to finance SMEs through loan guarantees; Full operational demonstration projects that increase the credibility of EE&EC investments and improve the probabilities of replication.

Projet de renforcement des capacit Mitigation Industrial Energy Efficiency Mongi BIDA [CEESEN] & Abdeladhim ENNAIFAR [TEMA CONSULTING] No UNDP Country Middle East and North Africa Industrial and production process efficiency Energy efficiency 2007 Tunisia PDF icon 360 Projet de Renforcement des task-forces.pdf

L'objectif du projet est de contribuer au renforcement des capacités nationales (dans les domaines des IGCE et de la Cogénération) conformément aux priorités de la Tunisie en matière d'efficacité énergétique, afin de créer une dynamique nouvelle de ma

Integrated Approach to Wood Waste Combustion for Heat Production in Poland Mitigation Biomass BTG Biomass Technology Group - Ir. M.W. Vis Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2008 Poland PDF icon Integrated Approach to Wood Waste Combustion for Heat Production in Poland

The objective of the project is to remove barriers to, and promote the efficient use of, sustainably produced wood-waste for the production of heat, thereby assisting Poland to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. The purpose of the evaluation is to assess the project concept and design.To assess the implementation of the project in terms of quality and timeliness of inputs and efficiency and effectiveness of activities carried out. To assess and rate the achievement of outputs and outcomes as well as the impact achieved by the project and the likely sustainability of project results (including review of GHG emission reduction calculations of the project ). The evaluation will also examine if the project had significant unexpected effects, whether of beneficial or detrimental character.

Philippines Efficient Lighting Market Transformation Project (PELMATP) Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Mr. Jan van den Akker, International Consultant; Mr. Rogelio Z. Aldover, National Consultant Yes UNDP Country East Asia and Pacific Lighting Energy efficiency 2009 Philippines PDF icon Philippines Efficient Lighting Market Transformation Project (PELMATP)

The Government of the Philippines has embarked on an energy independence and savings reform agenda, aiming at a 60% self-sufficiency level by 2010, of which a strong efficiency and conservation is a key program. As a policy direction, the Government promotes the judicious conservation and efficient utilization of energy resources through adoption of the cost-effective options taking into consideration minimizing environmental impact. The use of energy efficient lighting (EEL) is one of the programs by the government and the private sector in promoting energy efficiency. EEL lamps, such as compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs, replacing incandescent bulbs) or slim linear fluorescent lamps (T8 LFLs, replacing T12 LFLs), low-loss ballasts, better luminaires and high-intensity discharge lamps systems are easy to install and retrofit in commercial, industrial, government and residential buildings.

Wind Power Market Development Initiative - Kazakhstan Mitigation Renewable Energy Jan van den Akker, International consultant; Vadim Nee, National consultant Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Wind energy Renewable energy 2007 PDF icon Wind Power Market Development Initiative - Kazakhstan

In 1999, the Government of Kazakhstan developed the Energy Sector Development Program until 2030. The main goal is to achieve power independence of Kazakhstan based on the use of the existing energy resources, by reconstructing and modernizing existing plants and by constructing and commissioning new power plants serving exclusively to replace import. In that context, the plan is also to increasingly introduce renewable energy resources into the country's energy balance.

Improving the Energy Efficiency of Municipal Heating and Hot Water Supply - Armenia Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Ecoharmony - Grant Ballard-Tremeer Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency 2008 Armenia PDF icon Improving the Energy Efficiency of Municipal Heating and Hot Water Supply - Armenia

The project aims to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from heat and hot water supply services in Armenian cities and to lay the foundation for the sustainable development of these supplies by overcoming market barriers. The project consists of four components addressing: the role of condominiums in collectively organizing and managing heat and hot water supply services at the building level, support to restructuring and capacity building of the existing district companies to improve both their service quality and operational efficiency, support new service providers to commercially run and market their businesses, and to structure financing for the required investments in areas that do not sustain the centralized district heating services, and use the results, experiences and lessons learned.

Promoting the Use of Renewable Energy Resources for Local Energy Supply Mitigation Renewable Energy Mr. Roland Wong, Mr. Jan van den Akker, Mr. Giorgi Abulashvili Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Renewable energy 2008 PDF icon Promoting the Use of Renewable Energy Resources for Local Energy Supply

During the design of the project between 2000 and 2004, Georgia was experiencing serious energy shortages. The country was plagued with frequent blackouts stunting economic growth and adversely impacting the quality of life for all Georgians. Moreover, the government at that time was focusing on the development of large power generation projects while giving lower priority to smaller power projects, such as small-scale hydropower. With this backdrop, the Project design of 2004 consisted of the removal of legal, regulatory, financial and awareness barriers to the development of renewable energy projects in Georgia.

Wind Energy Applications in Eritrea Mitigation Renewable Energy PAROLA INTERNATIONAL ASSOCIATES - HEIKKI NORO Yes UNDP Country Subsaharan Africa Wind energy Renewable energy PDF icon Wind Energy Applications in Eritrea

The project endeavors to introduce a new renewable energy mode new to Eritrea in launching pilot investments in both larger scale electricity generation into the national grids and in testing wind energy complementing diesel power or providing the sole electricity source in rural village communities, which do not have access to the two main grids. It also aims at transferring the wind energy technological and operating know-how to Eritrean institutions and players on the market, both at the central, regional and community levels through capacity building activities. The project is to test through the pilot investments the technical, economic, environmental, social and institutional viability of these applications and to provide credible cases for their replication in Eritrea, and managing them down the line by local institutions and resources.

Wind Energy Applications in Eritrea Mitigation Renewable Energy Ikhupuleng Dube Yes UNDP Country Subsaharan Africa Wind energy Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2009 PDF icon Wind Energy Applications in Eritrea

The project is to pilot wind energy technology in the wind rich areas (Assab, Edi, Gahro, Gizgiza, Rahaita, Berasole, Beylul and Dekamhare) of the country. Upon the achievement of feasible results, the aim is to replicate it in other parts of the country. The project implementation is expected to improve the rural communities livelihoods by providing access to sustainable energy services and contribute to reuction of greenhouse gases. Furthermore, the project is expected to remove the identified barriers and contribute to an informed, equipped and sustained policy framework in wind energy adoption and dissemination.

Integrated land, costal zone, water and energy management practices improved Mitigation Other Mitigation Hugo Navajas Yes UNDP Country Latin America and Caribbean Organizational sector evaluation Outcome Evaluation 2010 PDF icon Integrated land, costal zone, water and energy management practices improved

The evaluation findings indicate that progress towards the E&E outcome is at an intermediate stage, with the potential for high levels of achievement by the end of the programming cycle. UNDP Jamaica has developed a cohesive E&E portfolio that is supportive of national policy goals and contributes to the programme outputs of strengthened policy implementation capacities, improved land management in targeted communities, and increased energy efficiency in the public sector. This reflects strategic thinking and an effective implementation approach that makes good use of limited funds by targeting core environment and energy issues.

Malaysia: Building Integrated Photovoltaic Technology Application (BIPV) Mitigation Renewable Energy Yes UNDP Country East Asia and Pacific Renewable energy 2008 PDF icon Malaysia: Building Integrated Photovoltaic Technology Application (BIPV)

The Malaysian Building Integrated PV Programme (MBIPV) is intended to induce the long-term cost reduction of the non-emitting GHG PV technology via integration of the PV technology within building designs and envelopes. It is aimed at creating a sustainable BIPV market in Malaysia that will generate widespread BIPV applications The MBIPV project will specifically focus on the market development for BIPV technology, and building the national capacities on three major areas: policy and education; technical skill and market implementation; technology development support.

Malaysian Industrial Energy Efficiency Improvement Project Mitigation Industrial Energy Efficiency ASCENDIS - Jan van den Akker Yes UNDP Country East Asia and Pacific Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2008 Malaysia PDF icon Malaysian Industrial Energy Efficiency Improvement Project

the Government of Malaysia initiated the Malaysian Industrial Energy Efficiency Improvement Project (MIEEIP) in 1999 to improve the rational use of energy in the industrial sector. Support and funding has been provided by the Global Environment Facility (GEF), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) as well as the Government of Malaysia and the private sector. UNDP is the project's implementing agency on behalf of the GEF. The Ministry of Energy, Water and Communications (MEWC), formerly known as Ministry of Energy, Communications and Multimedia, during the initial implementation of the project) was appointed the project's executing agency, whereas Pusat Tenaga Malaysia (PTM) is the designated implementing agency.

Malaysian Industrial Energy Efficiency Improvement Project Mitigation Industrial Energy Efficiency Fellow of the Royal Academy of Engineering - Prof. Dr. Nigel Lucas, Yes UNDP Country East Asia and Pacific Energy efficiency 2003 Malaysia PDF icon Malaysian Industrial Energy Efficiency Improvement Project

The development objective of this project is to improve energy efficiency in Malaysia's industrial sector, through removing barriers to efficient industrial energy use, and through creating a sustainable institutional capacity to provide energy efficiency sources, and a conducive policy, planning and research framework. This objective is to be achieved through the creation of an institutional focus within PTM and the development of capability to improve the efficiency of energy use in the industrial sector through the implementation of two linked groups of programs: Energy Technology Application Programs and Energy Efficiency Support Programs. The first group comprises programs that will provide the management information to characterise energy use and demonstrate improvements; the second group comprises programs that are designed to help industry improve its performance.

Reduction of Methane Emissions and Utilisation of Municipal Waste for Energy in Amman, Jordan Mitigation Biomass ADviSE-NL BV (The Netherlands), Via Nova Group (Jordan) - Remi Rijs (team leader), Ahmad Abu Hijleh, Ammar Al-Azzeh, Ad Dankers Yes UNDP Country Middle East and North Africa Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2007 PDF icon Reduction of Methane Emissions and Utilisation of Municipal Waste for Energy in Amman, Jordan

The project was established to reduce the environmental problems at the Ruseifah landfill site near Amman. A 1-MW biogas power plant was installed using the landfill gas (methane) as a resource for electricity generation. The landfill gas (with a high concentration methane) was extracted from 12 wells at the landfill site; further, a 2000 m3 biodigester was erected to produce methane directly from industrial organic waste. The plant is operated by the Jordan Biogas Company (JBC), a joint venture of the national electricity company NEPCO (now CEGCO), and the Greater Amman Municipality (GAM).

Outcome Evaluation on Access to Sustainable Energy Mitigation Other Energy K. V. Ramani Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Energy sector measures Outcome Evaluation 2009 PDF icon Outcome Evaluation on Access to Sustainable Energy

The Outcome Evaluation covers UNDP's sustainable energy programme for 2005-2008, consisting of: Kazakhstan Wind Power Market Development Initiative, Project on Removing Barriers to Energy Efficiency in Municipal Heat and Hot Water Supply, Preparation of Kazakhstan's Second National Communication to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change and GEF Small Grants Programme. The purpose of the Evaluation is to determine whether, and to what extent, these projects collectively contributed to changes towards sustainable energy development in Kazakhstan. Specific attention is paid to the primary outcome of increasing the poor's livelihood opportunities through sustainable energy sources, signified by a 50% increase in the amount of energy produced from renewable sources against the baseline production in 1999.

Outcome Evaluation: Energy & Environment Portfolio Other Yes UNDP Country East Asia and Pacific Integrated environmental management Outcome Evaluation 2008 PDF icon Outcome Evaluation: Energy & Environment Portfolio

The environment problem in the Philippines is huge and has enormously grown for the last 40 years and ENR agencies and institutions are unable to cope. UNDP has provided technical and financial support to policy, program and capacity development in three sectors, namely environment, energy and disaster management. The evaluation involved a desk review of documents, field visits and interviews of key informants in selected project sites. The practical concern of the EESD portfolio is to evolve frameworks and strategies for sustainable development; effective water governance; c) access to sustainable energy resources and conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity.

Outcome Evaluation: Energy, Environment, and Disaster Management Other Kathmandu SURF Yes UNDP Country South Asia Integrated environmental management Outcome Evaluation 2003 PDF icon Outcome Evaluation: Energy, Environment, and Disaster Management

This evaluation takes stock of Nepal's efforts to develop and implement a holistic approach to sustainable development through the mainstreaming of environmental management in development planning and poverty reduction and through the adoption of policies and regulatory frameworks promoting equitable and sustainable natural resources management regimes. It identifies strengths and weaknesses in the pursuit of the outcome and proposes measures to increase the relevance, effectiveness and efficiency of UNDP cooperation in these areas

Palawan New and Renewable Energy and Livelihood Support Project Mitigation Renewable Energy Rogelio Z. Aldover Yes UNDP Local East Asia and Pacific Energy access Sustainable community development 2003 PDF icon Palawan New and Renewable Energy and Livelihood Support Project

The project is aimed at reducing the long-term growth of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through the removal of barriers to commercial utilization of new and renewable energy (NRE) power systems as replacement to diesel generators in Palawan. Project approval was based on the recommendations of a feasibility study for A Project to Provide Environmentally Friendly Electricity Services to Off-Grid Communities in the Province of Palawan prepared by Community Power Corporation for Shell Solar, BV and Shell Philippines Exploration, BV, in October 1999. The study recommended the Rural Energy Service Company (RESCO) approach as the delivery mechanism for NRE systems in Palawan similar to Shell's RESCO Project in Alaminos, Aklan.

Palawan New and Renewable Energy and Livelihood Support Project Mitigation Renewable Energy Rogelio Z. Aldover Yes UNDP Local East Asia and Pacific Sustainable community development Final Evaluation 2007 PDF icon Palawan New and Renewable Energy and Livelihood Support Project

The project is aimed at reducing the long-term growth of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through removing the barriers to commercial utilization of renewable energy (RE) power systems to substitute for use of diesel generators in Palawan. As part of the project interventions, the project originally intends to demonstrate the viability of the RESCO (Rural Energy Service Company) delivery mechanism of renewable energy systems, and economic activities of productive use of renewable energy services for rural communities. The RESCO approach was however changed to Direct Sales approach because of the unsuccessful RESCO project in Aklan Province, which this project intends to replicate. That failed RESCO project was implemented by Shell Solar Philippines Corporation (SSPC, formerly Shell Renewables Philippines, Inc.), which is also the private company partner of this Project.

Report of the Outcome Evaluation on Energy (CPO-06) Mitigation Other Energy Rogelio Z. Aldover, Xuejun Wang, Lv Fang Yes UNDP Country East Asia and Pacific Organizational sector evaluation Outcome Evaluation 2008 PDF icon 321.pdf

The phenomenal economic growth and the world's largest national population of China and its extensive dependence on coal and petroleum have led to many critical and massive environmental effects. Due to its CO2 intensive energy production due to coal, China will become the world's biggest CO2 emitter before 2010, thus overtaking the U.S.A. for that matter. The different projects in renewable energy (RE), energy efficiency (EE) and clean development mechanisms (CDM) have been helping China expand its industrial and commercial infrastructures to include clean and sustainable renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies and comply with global climate change commitments.

Energy and Environment Group Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Yes UNDP Country East Asia and Pacific Land use Integrated environmental management Outcome Evaluation 2006 PDF icon Energy and Environment Group

The outcome evaluation is conducted one year before the end of the current country programme which ends in 2006. Therefore, the purpose is to learn lessons for the formulation of the next country program for the period 2007 - 2011, through assessing how and why the specified outcomes for the current program have or have not been achieved in Mongolia's context and the role UNDP has played. The outcome evaluation must also help to clarify underlying factors affecting the situation, highlight unintended consequences (positive and negative), examine the relevance to the current policy priorities and action plans, recommend actions to improve performance in future programming, recommend future orientation for the Energy and Environment Program of UNDP CO to align with new needs and priorities in Mongolia, and generate lessons learned.

Removing Barriers to Energy Efficiency Improvements in the State Sector in Belarus Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Roland Wong, Sergei Gotin Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency 2009 Belarus PDF icon Removing Barriers to Energy Efficiency Improvements in the State Sector in Belarus

The state sector in Belarus accounts for over 68% of the country's total energy and fuel consumption. As such, the need to reduce the state sector's energy and fuel consumption serves as the main driver for this Project. The goal is to reduce GHG emissions through the removal of key barriers to the adoption of energy efficient (EE) improvements in the state sector. To achieve this goal, the Project was designed with a number of expected project outcomes: Increased incentives for state organizations to invest in EE; Financial resources available to the state sector for energy efficiency investment are used more efficiently.Project successes throughout Belarus are sustained and replicated.

Removing barriers to improving energy efficiency of the residential and service sectors Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Klinckenberg Consultants - Frank Klinckenberg; University of Rijeka - Branimir Pavkovi? Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency 2007 Croatia PDF icon Removing barriers to improving energy efficiency of the residential and service sectors

The objective of the project was to remove the key barriers to the implementation of economically feasible energy efficiency technologies and measures in the residential and service sectors, thereby reducing their energy consumption and associated greenhouse gas emissions. The development objective of the project was to reduce the CO2 emissions of Croatia, to be achieved by overcoming the general institutional barriers to the promotion of energy efficiency, the barriers in the residential sector and those in the service sector.

Disaster Risk Management, Energy and Environment Adaptation Other UNDP Yes UNDP Country South Asia Disaster Risk Reduction Outcome Evaluation 2007 PDF icon Disaster Risk Management, Energy and Environment

Over the past few years, India's economic performance has been impressive, with a growth rate of 8% in 2005-2006. The boom is, however, placing increasing demands on natural and energy resources, with potentially serious consequences for the environment. In general, it is the poor that are disproportionately affected by environmental degradation and lack of access to clean, affordable energy services. So far environmental performance has been mixed: Successes such as the reversal of deforestation rates have been accompanied by setbacks such as increased fuel wood use and ground water depletion and accelerating river pollution.

Commercialization of Super-Insulated Buildings in Mongolia Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Frank Pool; Erdendalai Lodon Yes UNDP Country East Asia and Pacific Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2007 Mongolia PDF icon Commercialization of Super-Insulated Buildings in Mongolia

The project goal was large-scale unsubsidized replication of super-insulated straw bale buildings (SBBs) in Mongolia. This was initially to be achieved through technical support, training, awareness raising and full funding of demonstration super-insulated SB (straw bale) primarily social service and institutional buildings (schools, kindergartens, health clinics, local government offices, etc). By project inception, this had been updated to include the promotion of other means of building super-insulation, and with a majority of the funding for building construction coming from beneficiary households, and demonstrating super-insulation directly in private housing - and not in social or institutional buildings.

Evaluation of The Role and Contribution of UNDP in Environment and Energy Other UNDP Evaluation Office; Michael P.Wells, Team Leader; Henrik Secher Marcussen; Juha I.Uitto; Howard M. Stewart Yes UNDP Global Global Organizational sector evaluation Special Evaluation Study 2008 PDF icon Evaluation of The Role and Contribution of UNDP in Environment and Energy

The main purpose of this evaluation was to assess UNDP's positioning and contributions to managing environment and energy for sustainable development. The scope of the evaluation covered all programmatic and operational aspects of the environment and energy area in all UNDP's geographic regions and at the global, regional and country levels. The evaluation primarily focused on the period from 2002 to 2007. However, the evaluation also considered how events before this period shaped UNDP's approach to environment and energy. Building upon an independent and objective analysis of the past, the evaluation has provided perspectives towards how UNDP is positioned to move forwards in its environment and energy work.

Access to sustainable energy improved through increased electricity production by using indigenous renewable energy resources, improved energy efficienct and the development of Georgia's Energy Corridor Mitigation Other Energy Jan van den Akker; George Abulashvi Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Organizational sector evaluation Outcome Evaluation 2008 PDF icon Access to sustainable energy

In Georgia, the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) aims to provide a support role for the country, especially in the area of poverty alleviation, private sector development, fostering democratic governance and strengthening local government, conflict alleviation and

Integrated Approach to Wood Waste Combustion for Heat Production in Poland Mitigation Biomass Eco Ltd - Grant Ballard-Tremeer Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency 2004 Poland PDF icon Integrated Approach to Wood Waste Combustion for Heat Production in Poland

The project originally aimed to reduce barriers to the creation of a biomass market in Poland. In the time since the original concept was proposed and the project started it appears that a biomass market has to some extent developed. While this certainly reduces the relevance of the overall project purpose, a more detailed analysis of the (potential) contributions of the project at local, national and global levels shows that the project remains highly relevant to local and national development priorities. There is also growing interest to harness the strengths and financial resources of the private sector in the delivery of public services through the use of public-private partnerships. This is one of the main contributions of the project and is highly relevant to national circumstances.

Building the Local Capacity for Promoting Energy Efficiency in Private and Public Buildings (EE Project Bulgaria) Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Dr. Adil LARI and Mr. Belin MOLLOV Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency 2008 Bulgaria PDF icon Building the Local Capacity for Promoting Energy Efficiency in Private and Public Buildings (EE Project Bulgaria)

The goal of the project is to support a market transformation towards energy efficiency investments in buildings by: enhancing the awareness and capacity of local architects and engineers to better adopt energy efficiency measures into the design of new buildings and retrofit of the existing ones; enhancing the awareness and capacity of municipalities to plan and implement sustainable energy efficiency investments in public buildings; supporting and promoting the renovation of private residential buildings, incorporating energy efficient technologies, including related UNDP funded activities;increasing the demand for energy efficiency investments in the private service sector buildings with an initial focus on hotels; and building the capacity of the local energy service providers to effectively market their services and to meet the requirements of the targeted financiers to finance EE projects.

Capacity Building for Kyoto Protocol implementation in Eastern Europe and CIS Mitigation Enabling Activities Lia Carol Sieghart Yes UNDP Regional Europe and Central Asia Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2009 PDF icon Capacity Building for Kyoto Protocol implementation in Eastern Europe and CIS

The Kyoto Protocol provides countries of Eastern European and the Commonwealth of Independent States (EE & CIS) with new opportunities for reducing their greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, moving their development towards a low?carbon path, mobilizing resources for environmentally friendly technologies and achieving other sustainable development objectives. However, in order to realize the opportunities provided by the innovative mechanisms under the Kyoto Protocol, the countries need to develop strong national institutional, technical and human capacities to being able to effectively identify, develop, evaluate, approve and implement projects under JI/CDM and other carbon market schemes, such as under the voluntary carbon market.

Capacity Building for Renewable Energy: Wauna, Orealla and Kato Photovoltaic and Woodstoves Pilot Projects Mitigation Renewable Energy Aubrey Marks Yes UNDP Local Latin America and Caribbean Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2009 PDF icon Capacity Building for Renewable Energy: Wauna, Orealla and Kato Photovoltaic and Woodstoves Pilot Projects

This project evaluation, concerns the capacity building and demonstration projects for the electrification of hinterland unserved areas, utilising renewable energy. The objectives of this project were to increase knowledge and skills development for upstream policy and planning. Identify alternative funding mechanisms and opportunities for clean energy development.Providing technical assistance, institutional strengthening and capacity building, through the implementation of hinterland demonstration projects.

Capacity Development for renewable energy management Enabling Activities Dr. Chiselebwe Ng'andwe & Dr. Kasolo Hassan UNDP Country Subsaharan Africa Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) 2009 PDF icon Capacity Development for renewable energy management

This mid-term review is coinciding with the reviews of the FNDP and the UNDAF. It is being undertaken with a view to providing an independent in-depth review of implementation progress, transparency and accountability and for documentation of lessons learnt. Further the review is intended to provide an analysis of how UNDP has positioned itself to add value in the response to the UNDAF and the FNDP and hence identify potential design problems, assess progress towards the achievement of objectives and to make recommendations regarding specific actions that might be taken to improve the programme delivery of results.

Caribbean Renewable Energy Programme Mitigation Renewable Energy Yes UNDP Regional Latin America and Caribbean Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2008 PDF icon Caribbean Renewable Energy Programme

The justification for CREDP grew out of the Caribbean's high dependence (98%) on fossil fuels for its electricity and the consequent air, land and water pollution. It was considered that fossil fuel prices might increase in the future, causing balance of payment problems and constraining private consumers. RE was viewed as a means of preventing such future constraints while reducing the region's primary source of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and enhancing its energy security. CREDP was envisaged as the mechanism to help remove the barriers and make RE a reality in the Caribbean.

Caribbean Renewable Energy Programme Mitigation Renewable Energy Yes UNDP Regional Latin America and Caribbean Renewable energy 2007 PDF icon Caribbean Renewable Energy Programme

This project aims to remove barriers to renewable energy use in the Caribbean. Through specific actions to overcome policy, finance, capacity, and awareness barriers, it is estimated that the contribution of renewable energy sources to the region's energy balance will be significantly increased. Currently, renewable energy provides less than 2% of the region's commercial electricity. Due to the planned barrier removal activities, annual reductions of CO2 emissions is expected to be reduced by an estimated 388, 159 tons by the year 2007. Part of the GEF funding will be used through non-grant instruments to remove incremental risks related to RE investments, thus improving the cost-effectiveness of the GEF resource use.

Cost Effective Energy Efficiency Measures in the Russian Educational Sector Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Eco UK based consultant firm - Grant Ballard; REDA - Tremeer and Elena Kuznetsova Yes UNDP Country Europe and Central Asia Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2006 Russia PDF icon Cost Effective Energy Efficiency Measures in the Russian Educational Sector

The project, aimed to reduce energy consumption by about 20 to 25 percent in project supported schools leading to a reduction in CO2 emissions by an estimated 9, 000 tons over the project period (3 years), and by 60, 000 tons over the 20-year average life time of the investments. The project consisted of three components: An education programme on energy efficiency in secondary schools targeting class 8, and principally addressing awareness barriers at school and household levels, demonstration of energy saving and financial models in schools and universities, and dissemination of results of the demonstration activities.

Développement du marché des chauffe eau solaires Mitigation Renewable Energy RESING Yes UNDP Country Middle East and North Africa Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2008 PDF icon 318 Développement du marché des chauffe eau solaires

L'objectif de développement de ce projet est de réduire les émissions de CO2 et des autres gaz contribuant á l'effet de serre au Maroc en éliminant les obstacles qui empêchent le développement durable du marché des chauffe-eau solaires au Maroc. Les objectifs immédiats sont principalement :Elaborer des politiques d'incitation financière et un cadre réglementaire favorable au développement du marché des chauffe-eau solaires.Entreprendre une campagne de promotion et de commercialisation pour les chauffe-eau solaires de bonne qualité afin d'augmenter la demande du marché.Réduire le prix et augmenter l'accessibilité des chauffe-eau solaires de bonne qualité and améliorer la qualité des chauffe-eau solaires.

Energy Efficiency Measures in the Honduran Commercial and Industrial Sectors (Spanish) Mitigation Industrial Energy Efficiency HUMBERTO RODR Yes UNDP Country Latin America and Caribbean Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2008 Honduras PDF icon 319 Energy Efficiency Measures in the Honduran Commercial and Industrial Sectors (Spanish)

El objetivo global del proyecto es remover/ reducir las barreras al (aumento del) uso comercial de equipos y prácticas de eficiencia energética en los sectores comercial e industrial, reduciendo así las emisiones de GEI debidas a las actividades de generación de electricidad y calor. Los objetivos específicos del proyecto son: Remover todas las barreras existentes para proyectos piloto de eficiencia energética exitosos en los sectores comercial e industrial. Esto incluye también la remoción de las barreras financieras existentes para las inversiones en equipo y prácticas de eficiencia energética; y apoyar en la remoción/reducción de las barreras técnicas, legislativas, institucionales / organizacionales, económicas, de información y financierasrelacionadas con la replicación de los proyectos piloto.

Cooperative evaluation of Environmental Protection Agency activities under the USAID/Brazil global climate change program Mitigation LULUCF Donald Sawyer No USAID Country Latin America and Caribbean Organizational sector evaluation Final Evaluation 1997 PDF icon Cooperative evaluation of Environmental Protection Agency activities under the USAID/Brazil global climate change program

The need for environmental impact assessment (EIA) is stipulated by Brazilian environmental legislation. The purpose of the GCC/EIA Training Project was to help strengthen ineffective institutions by supporting the EIA process and related capacities of state and federal institutions, and by training individuals in key areas including federal and state governments, universities and non-governmental organizations. EPA activities focused on the delivery of training courses, on the development of guidelines for EIAs related to economic activities associated with forest clearing and mining and on technical assistance to conduct a pilot EIA.

Grant to World Wildlife Fund (an element of AID/Brazil global climate change program - GCC) Mitigation LULUCF USAID Mission to Belize No USAID Country Latin America and Caribbean Environmental management Final Evaluation 1994 PDF icon Grant to World Wildlife Fund (an element of AID/Brazil global climate change program - GCC)

WWF and USAID have set out to address an extraordinarily challenging --and important --set of issues in the E/GCC initiative. Resolution of the population, income and power distribution, and addressing migration, poverty, and economic policy issues that lead to the rapid deforestationthat this program seeks to slow, are clearly far beyond the scope of the modest resources USAID and WWF have at their disposal. However, E/GCC can play an important role in developing alternative models for land use, natural resource management, and local NGO and communityinvolvement in natural resource management issues that could prove invaluable if the societal pressures ever abate.

Introduction of Vehicle Electric Bus Technology and Hybrid-Electric Bus Technology in Egypt - Phase 1a Mitigation Transport Jan van den Akker Yes UNDP Country Middle East and North Africa Alternative fuel options Transport Final Evaluation 2008 PDF icon 307.pdf

Urban air pollution is a major environmental problem in Egypt. Among the world's largest cities with over 16 million people, Cairo belongs to the 20 most polluted cities in the world. With respect to public transportation in Cairo, more than 3.6 million commuters ride the some 13, 000 buses daily. A plan for reducing the pollution levels in Egypt and effective abatement of greenhouse gases globally must therefore address transportation. The basic concept was to have a multi-phase programme with an initial phase 1, in which 24 electric buses would be tested, mainly in the touristy historic sites, such as Giza, Luxor and Sakara. Electric and hybrid-drive systems of the buses would be integrated into Egyptian buses produced by local manufacturers.

Market Transformation for Highly Efficient Biomass Stoves for Institutions and Medium-Scale Enterprises in Kenya Mitigation Biomass Olusegun Areola, Department of Environmental Science, University of Botswana & Henry Wanyama, MWN Consultants Centurion, South Africa Yes UNDP Country Subsaharan Africa Renewable energy 2008 PDF icon Market Transformation for Highly Efficient Biomass Stoves for Institutions and Medium-Scale Enterprises in Kenya

This GEF-funded market transformation for highly efficient biomass stoves project is aimed at removing market barriers to the adoption of sustainable biomass energy practices and technologies by institutions (schools and hospitals) and small businesses (restaurants, hotels) in the rural and urban areas of Kenya. The project is building on the successful initiatives of local Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) and private sector players and scales up successful existing business models using well-proven commercial technologies by removing barriers, which are currently limiting the growth of this market.

Cooperative evaluation of Woods Hole Research Center activities under the USAID/Brazil global climate change program Mitigation LULUCF Donald Sawyer No USAID Local Latin America and Caribbean Organizational sector evaluation Final Evaluation 1997 PDF icon Cooperative evaluation of Woods Hole Research Center activities under the USAID/Brazil global climate change program

The Woods Hole Research Center has received an allocation of US$1,322,581 in order to develop natural resource management tools for an emerging network of forestmargin farm communities and to expand and strengthen a network of Amazonia-based scientists trained in ecology and interested in intervening in public affairs. The activities have been carried out primarily in the states of Pará and Acre through research-based workshops, courses and publications, through formal university training and through participation in current regional debates regarding the utilization of Amazonian natural resources. The activities include agricultural intensification and land-use planning along the Capim River, predicting forest fire risk, preventing accidental forest fires, steps toward a functioning extractive reserve, a resource inventory of the Rio Gelado Settlement Project, improving the planning of industrial mining in Pará and training in forest utilization, forest recovery and biotic impoverishment.

Cooperative evaluation of the Smithsonian Institution's activities under the USAID/Brazil global climate change program Mitigation LULUCF Donald Sawyer No USAID Country Latin America and Caribbean Organizational sector evaluation Final Evaluation 1997 PDF icon Cooperative evaluation of the Smithsonian Institution's activities under the USAID/Brazil global climate change program

The BDFFP, managed by the National Museum of Natural History of the Smithsonian Institution, has been under way for 15 years with the purpose of studying the effect of the size of forest fragments on biological diversity. The project is housed at the National Institute for Amazon Studies (INPA) and has field sites north of Manaus. Under the GCC Program, support has been provided primarily for training in monthlong field biology courses on forest ecology and conservation. Some support was for graduate student research. There has also been considerable effort to take stock of and disseminate the results of research over the years.

GHG pollution prevention project : climate change supplement (GEP-CCS) -- fostering climate change initiative[s] for sustainable development : task 1A -- training needs assessment report for LBSNAA Mitigation Other Mitigation Julie Haines, Nagataja Rao, et al. No USAID Country South Asia Energy efficiency 2000 PDF icon GHG pollution prevention project : climate change supplement (GEP-CCS)

The USAUD/India Mission's activities in energy and industry focus on the promotion of clean energy development, efficient energy use, and pollution reduction in key industries and municipalities. USAID seeks strengthen the incentives and institutional capacity of key Indian stakeholders for the adoption of clean energy technology practises and certified environmental management systems that are climate friendly, thereby reducing greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). India is the world's sixth largest second fastest growing cnosumer in the world. New fossil fuel supply facilities, urban transportation facilites, and electric power generation facilites, are being added at a rapid rate in order to quench the existing energy deficit as well as the growing demand. Despite this effort, shortages persist in electric power supply and continue to exist and stand as the major inhibitor of rapid industrial and economic growth. India's greenhouse gas emissions have increased by about 40% in the last five years, third fastest rate in the world and is well beyond that of most emerging markets in the world.

End of program evaluation of the cooperative agreement between USAID/EGAT and the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Joseph Lieberson No USAID Local Global Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2005 PDF icon 301.pdf

In 1998, USAID and the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) launched a cooperative agreement to work on global climate change at the local level. The cooperative agreement gave USAID the opportunity to test ICLEI's Cities for Climate Protection (CCP) approach as a way to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions in several countries at the municipal level. A cooperative agreement was used rather than a contract since ICLEI's bottomup approach and its Cities for Climate Protection (CCP) program represented a complete package that USAID was supporting.

Clean Energy & Climate Change Opportunities Assessment for USAID/Mexico Mitigation Other Energy John Garrison USAID Country Latin America and Caribbean Organizational sector evaluation 2010 PDF icon Clean Energy & Climate Change Opportunities Assessment for USAID/Mexico

This assessment seeks to identify opportunities for the USAID/Mexico Mission to address high?priority clean energy and climate change challenges in Mexico and provide the Mission with recommendations for the design of a new Mission clean energy and climate change program. Under President Calderon, Mexico has made climate change a top national priority and has integrated climate change into the country's development strategy. In addition to having signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and its Kyoto Protocol, Mexico is the only developing country to submit a Third and Fourth National Communication to the UNFCCC with a detailed updated inventory of its GHG emissions and long term emissions trajectories.

Small Hydro Project Namche Bazaar, Nepal Mitigation Renewable Energy ENTEC AG Consulting & Engineering No Austria (OEZA) Country South Asia Renewable energy 2001 PDF icon Small Hydro Project Namche Bazaar, Nepal

Small Hydro development has been recognized at an early stage to be of considerable importance to the Himalayan kingdoms of Nepal and Bhutan, since no other natural resource is known in these countries of comparable abundance. Electricity from natural resources such as hydro constitutes an environmentally acceptable and a reliable resource. Its utilization is generally considered economic in the long rather than the short term. Austria has been a key player in the early stages of rural electrification in both, Nepal and Bhutan. After more than 20 years of involvement in the sector, it desired to evaluate its own work. The assignment to carry out such evaluation was awarded to an outside consultant in a competitive process, and the present report is the result of the work done under this assignment.

South Pacific Sea Level and Climate Monitoring Project: Phase IV Adaptation Science, assessment, monitoring and early warning Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems Cooperative Research Centre (ACE CRC) - Dr. Rosemary Sandford, et al. No AUSAID Regional East Asia and Pacific Adaptation Strategic Review Report 2007 PDF icon South Pacific Sea Level and Climate Monitoring Project: Phase IV

The aims are to investigate and advise on the long-term sustainability of the Strategic Review of the South Pacific Sea Level and Climate Monitoring Project network and its provision of data from the South Pacific region to PICs and international stakeholders; the need for infrastructure upgrades of the SEAFRAME and CGPS components; a structure and process for improved alignment with other regional climate monitoring activities in the Pacific region; options for ensuring the long-term provision of utilities (communications and power) to the sites in the network; options for the future funding and management of project activities; and to assess and advise on end-user needs and a possible restructuring and optimisation of the network.

An evaluation of the contribution of the Clean Development Mechanism to sustainable development in host countries Mitigation Other Mitigation Policy and Operations Evaluation Department - Joyeeta Gupta, Pieter van Beukering (IVM), Wytze van der Gaast and Friso de Jong (JIN) No Netherlands Global Global Organizational sector evaluation 2006 PDF icon An evaluation of the contribution of the Clean Development Mechanism to sustainable development in host countries

This study evaluates the Netherlands AIJ projects implemented under the Netherlands pilot project programme of 1994-2000 and examines the

The Netherlands Climate Assistance Programme (NCAP) Other Mitigation Rob Koudstaal and Mrs Dorothy A. Amwata No Netherlands Global Global Organizational sector evaluation 2008 PDF icon The Netherlands Climate Assistance Programme (NCAP)

The evaluation is expected to address both general and country specific issues. General issues deal with the relevance and approach of Netherlands Climate Assistance Programme (NCAP) with respect to both Directorate General of International Cooperation of the Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs and participating countries; implementation issues in terms of the organization of NCAP, the effective use of available resources and timing of activities; and the sustainability of the results. Country specific issues will be primarily based on the three countries visited that reflect different levels of progress: Tanzania as an example of what NCAP has attempted to achieve; Ghana as a country that has moved at average pace; and Suriname as a country that had faced serious delays. Progress in each of these countries will be assessed in terms of project performance indicators that have been designed by the project itself, grouped under the headings: project management; quality of the study; in-country coordination; and policy influence.

Asia-Pacific regional climate change adaptation Adaptation Other International Resources Group, Ltd. (IRG); USAID. Bur. For Economic Growth, Agriculture and Trade. Ofc. Of Natural Resources Management No USAID Regional East Asia and Pacific Adaptation 2010 PDF icon Asia-Pacific regional climate change adaptation

The developing countries of the Asia-Pacific region are very diverse economically, politically, socially, and culturally. Yet, many of them face similar development and environmental challenges related to poverty alleviation, sustainable economic development, increased urbanization and greater rural-urban migration, environmental degradation, and the frequent incidence of natural disasters, such as earthquakes and tsunamis. Climate change is an additional stressor on livelihoods, ecosystems, and infrastructure that will place large populations and key sectors in the region at risk. In recognition of the region's vulnerability to climate change, its role in mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, and the moral responsibility of developed countries to assist the most vulnerable people to adapt to climate change as expressed by the Obama administration, this report seeks to identify opportunities for USAID to deepen its regional engagement in supporting adaptation to climate change in Asia.

Small Hydro Project Rangjung, Bhutan Mitigation Renewable Energy ENTEC AG Consulting & Engineering No Austria (OEZA) Country South Asia Renewable energy 2001 PDF icon Small Hydro Project Rangjung, Bhutan

The Rangjung Small Hydro Plant located in the District of Trashigang (East Bhutan) is a project of the early rural electrification strategy of the RGOB. This strategy foresaw the electrification of the remote districts through decentralised small and mini hydropower plants and associated mini grids. The objective of the Rangjung SHP project was to stimulate economic and social development of remote Eastern Bhutan through electrification. This concept was in line with the general objectives of the Austrian Development Co-operation in Bhutan and the request for assistance in developing the Rangjung Small hydro Plant was therefore granted.

Operation Of The Least Developed Countries Fund For Adaptation To Climate Change Adaptation Other Adaptation COWI, IIED Yes DANIDA Global Global Adaptation Fund Evaluation 2009 PDF icon Operation Of The Least Developed Countries Fund For Adaptation To Climate Change

The Evaluation Department of the Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs (EVAL) initiated the Evaluation of the operation of the Least Developed Countries Fund (LDCF) at the request of the Ministry's Environmental Secretariat. UNFCCC COP Decision 5/CP.14 by parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) provided an important context for the work. It invites Parties and relevant organisations to submit information on the preparation and implementation of NAPAs. At the invitation of EVAL, the Global Environment Facility Evaluation Office (GEF EO) joined the initiative, in part, due to its relevance for the Fourth Overall Performance Study of the GEF. The objective of the Evaluation was to analyze and document the results and lessons learned from the operations of the LDCF in financing and promoting climate change adaptation in the least developed countries.

Mali Household Energy Project Mitigation Renewable Energy Operations Evaluation Department Yes World Bank Country Subsaharan Africa Energy access Sustainable community development Project Performance Assessment Report 2003 PDF icon Mali Household Energy Project

One of the most important causes of Mali's serious environmental problems has been over-exploitation and indiscriminate destruction of its forest resources. As in most Sahelian countries, fuelwood and charcoal meet 90 percent of the domestic energy needs of the country. The overarching objective of the Household Energy Project was to improve the management, and promote rational use, of energy resources. GEF involvement was to help support the environmental policy objectives of the Government of Mali with particular emphasis on the reduction of CO2 emissions and abatement of forest resource depletion.

Renewable Resources Development Project Mitigation Renewable Energy Operations Evaluation Department Yes World Bank Country South Asia Commercialization support Renewable energy Project Performance Assessment Report 2003 PDF icon 291 India - Renewable Resources Development Project.pdf

The Renewable Resources Development Project objectives are to promote commercialization of renewable energy technologies by strengthening the capacity of the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency (IREDA) to promote and finance entrepreneurial investments in alternate energy; create marketing and financing mechanisms for the sale and delivery of alternative energy systems based on cost-recovery principles; help set up the institutional framework for encouraging entry of private sector investors in small-scale power generation; and promote environmentally sound investments to prevent depletion of India's limited forest resources and reduce the energy sector's dependence on fossil fuels.

Bangladesh Coastal Embankment Rehabilitation Project Adaptation Oceans and coastal areas Operations Evaluation Department No World Bank Country South Asia Adaptation Project Performance Assessment Report 2005 PDF icon Bangladesh Coastal Embankment Rehabilitation Project

The Bangladesh Coastal Embankment Rehabilitation Project (CERP) was initiated in response to the devastating cyclone of 1987, and approved in 1995. The project closed in 2003. The overall project objective was to improve security of life, property, crops, and livestock along the cyclone-prone coastal areas. Project objectives were to provide cyclone protection, including improving the security of persons living in the protected areas, reducing damage to houses and other buildings and infrastructure, and minimizing the loss of crops and livestock; improve agricultural production, through preventing saline inundation during normal weather and improved cropping pattems due to reduced cyclone risks; and introduce improved technology in the design and construction of protection works, and improved methods of embankment maintenance.

New Renewable Energy: a review of the World Bank's assistance Mitigation Renewable Energy Independent Evaluation Group No World Bank Global Global Organizational sector evaluation Sector Evaluation 2006 PDF icon Review of the World Bank's Assistance

The purpose of this review by the Independent Evaluation Group (IEG) of the World Bank is to inform the efforts to scale up the Bank's support for renewable energy by evaluating the performance of the Bank's current portfolio and the extent to which strategic objectives were achieved. At the 2004 Conference on Renewable Energy in Bonn, Germany, the Bank announced that it would increase its lending for renewable energy and energy efficiency by an average of 20 percent per year for the five-year period fiscal 2005-09. This review assesses the Bank's readiness to deliver on that announcement. This assessment of new renewables is restricted to geothermal; solar; wind; biomass; and small, mini-, and microhydro energy sources.

Disaster Risk Management: Taking Lessons from Evaluation Adaptation Disaster risk reduction Independent Evaluation Group No World Bank Global Global Adaptation Special Evaluation Study 2008 PDF icon Disaster Risk Management Taking Lessons from Evaluation

In November 2006 the World Bank, the Council of Europe Development Bank (CEB) and the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) held a conference in Paris to discuss recent disaster operations of multilateral and bilateral development aid institutions and NGOs, highlighting aspects that would facilitate institutional change and improve practices. The conference and roundtable discussion was the first time ever that evaluators joined togetherto discuss the evaluation of natural disaster risk management. In addition, disaster risk managers from different organizations who were on the receiving end of the evaluations were also invited to participate. Their feedback and analysis of how the evaluations had changed their institutions was an important contribution to the conference.

Development Actions and the Rising Incidence of Disasters Adaptation Disaster risk reduction Independent Evaluation Group No World Bank Global Global Adaptation Special Evaluation Study 2007 PDF icon Development Actions and the Rising Incidence of Disasters

This Evaluation Brief brings attention to World Bank investments at risk. It alerts task managers to increases in the number and severity of flood and windstorm disasters resulting from environmental degradation, population pressure in coastal areas and mega-cities, and the possible effects of climate change. In particular, the report analyzes the potential risks to investments in roads, ports, storm sewers, and embankments on the one hand, and highlights actions undertaken to preserve and restore wetlands and forests on the other. Finally the report develops a set of findings to be taken into account when preparing projects in countries likely to be affected by these types of disasters.

Climate Change and the World Bank Group: Phase I - A Evaluation of World Bank Win-Win Energy Policy Reforms Mitigation Other Energy Independent Evaluation Group Yes World Bank Global Global Organizational sector evaluation Sector Evaluation 2009 PDF icon Climate Change and the World Bank Group: Phase I - A Evaluation of World Bank Win-Win Energy Policy Reforms

Climate change threatens to derail development, even as development pumps ever-greater quantities of carbon dioxide into an atmosphere already polluted with two centuries of Western emissions. The World Bank, with a newly-articulated Strategic Framework on Development and Climate Change, must confront these entangled threats in helping its clients to carve out a sustainable growth path. This report examines two that have long been discussed but are more relevant than ever in light of record energy prices: removal of energy subsidies and promotion of end- user energy efficiency. Energy subsidies are expensive, damage the climate, and disproportionately benefit the well- off. Their reduction can encourage energy efficiency, increase the attractiveness of renewable energy, and allow more resources to flow to poor people and to investments in cleaner power. Though subsidy reduction is never easy, the Bank has a record of accomplishment in this area, especially in the transition countries

Energy Efficiency Finance: An Impact Evaluation of China Utility-Based Energy Efficiency Finance (CHUEE) Program (Approach Paper) Mitigation Industrial Energy Efficiency Independent Evaluation Group - IFC No IFC Country East Asia and Pacific Energy efficiency Impact Evaluation 2009 China PDF icon Energy Efficiency Finance: An Impact Evaluation of CHUEE Program

The CHUEE program was designed by the IFC to enable commercial banks in China to provide energy efficiency equipment loans to SME energy users and to finance energy service companies (ESCOs) activities.  The project was part funded through a GEF grant of $16.5 million and IFC investment worth $41.1 million, alongside other donors and Chinese partner financial institutions.  The program's objectives were to create effective, commercially sustainable delivery mechanisms for developing, implementing and financing energy efficiency projects to reduce GHG emissions and other adverse environmental impacts. The program also addressed barriers to the promotion of energy efficiency in China. 

In this report, the IEG's proposed evaluation methodology focuses on efficacy and impacts of the IFC intervention on energy efficiency finance in China through the CHUEE by establishing comparison groups of participating banks and their clients with similar groups for "with-without" scenarios.  This was to be supplemented by before-after comparison of the participating banks and their borrowers for energy efficiency projects.

People's Republic of China Energy Conservation Project (PPAR) Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Independent Evaluation Group Yes World Bank Country East Asia and Pacific Energy efficiency Project Performance Assessment Report 2010 China PDF icon People's Republic of China Energy Conservation Project (PPAR)

The development and global environment objectives of this project were to improve the efficiency of energy use in the People's Republic of China and facilitate reductions in carbon dioxide emissions and other pollutants through energy efficiency investments.  The project had three components:

  1. to develop three pilot Energy Management Companies (EMCs) to introduce, demonstrate, and disseminate the Energy Performance Contracting (EPC) concept "namely developing market-based instruments to encourage private participation in energy conservation investment".
  2. to develop a national energy conservation information center to disseminate energy conservation project results to enterprise managers; and
  3. a project management and monitoring component.  The evaluation report rated the project as satisfactory overall. 

The risk to development outcome is rated negligible to low, while both the Bank's and the Borrower's performance were rated satisfactory.  Lessons learned from the assessment included: EPCs require quick implementation and closure, so it is important for the Bank's procurement procedures to be flexible; and although EPCs are meant to be a market solution for energy efficiency, in a transitional economy like China, strong government support is crucial for the market to deliver successful results.

Geothermal Development and Energy Preinvestment Project Mitigation Renewable Energy Water, Urban and Energy 1 Division; Eastern and Southern Africa Department; Africa Region No World Bank Country Subsaharan Africa Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 1997 PDF icon Geothermal Development and Energy Preinvestment Project

The objectives of the project were: to assist Kenya in preparing an expansion of its electric generating capacity at least cost through utilization of indigenous energy resources. This included mobilization and institutional development of a major geothermal development program to be implemented over the subsequent 20 years; comparative evaluation of potential hydro sites; development of options for energy pricing policies that encourage more efficient use of fuels and achieve savings and resource mobilization; and rural electrification policy and household fuel supply and distribution.

Hydroelectric Development Project Mitigation Renewable Energy Infrastructure Sector Leadership Group; Mexico Department; Latin America and the Caribbean Regional Office No World Bank Country Latin America and Caribbean Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 1997 PDF icon Hydroelectric Development Project

The project objectives were to assist the sector in: promoting the efficient use of electricity through realistic pricing policies, energy conservation and improvement of sector operations; diversifying the sources of power generation and reducing the participation of oilbased generation; strengthening CFE's financial situation by increasing electricity rates and implementing a Financial Rehabilitation Agreement; making electricity available to an increasing number of consumers; and improving CFE's ability to deal with the social and environmental aspects of hydroelectric power projects

Gas Investment Project Mitigation Other Energy Energy Sector; Infrastructure Development Group; Middle East and North Africa Region No World Bank Country Middle East and North Africa Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 1999 Egypt PDF icon Gas Investment Project

This evaluation assesses a Gas Investment Project in Egypt supported by the World Bank. The project involved the following components:

  1. A Greater Cairo gas distribution component to finance pipeline and related equipment for extending the existing gas distribution, and displacing LPG, gas oil and fuel oil; and
  2. a Trans Gulf gas component to finance gas compressors, gas treatment facilities and the platform template required for the gathering of an extra 70 million cubic feet per day of gas for delivery to the national grid. Three studies were also carried out.

In terms of results, the evaluation rates overall project outcome as satisfactory, with project sustainability likely. Key lessons learned included: in terms of the procurement of specialized contracts, greater review should be made on the specifications prepared by the consultants. Secondly, the consultants should work closely with PETROGAS, the petroleum gas company in Cairo, and not entirely in their head office. Thirdly, the World Bank's close supervision and close continuous communication in resolving outstanding issues greatly contributed to achieving success.

Ertan Hydroelectric Project Mitigation Renewable Energy Infrastructure Operations Division; China and Mongolia Department; East Asia and Pacific Regional Office No World Bank Country East Asia and Pacific Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 1997 PDF icon Ertan Hydroelectric Project

The Ertan Hydroelectric Scheme is located on the lower reaches of the Yalong River in the southwestern province of Sichuan. Shortages of electricity in the province were, when the project was identified, and still are a major constraint to its economic development and to the improvement of the population's living standards. The objectives of the Project were to: provide additional generation capacity in Sichuan Province to alleviate the acute shortage of electricity; assist in the transfer of modern power technology and efficient dam construction method; contribute to further improvements in the analyses of environmental and ecological impacts of hydroelectric resource development; enhance the institutional development of the beneficiary, Ertan Hydroelectric Development Corporation (EHDC), by strengthening its organization through a comprehensive management training program and introduction of economic efficiency and sound pricing principles; and provide technical assistance in project design and implementation, and for the promotion of the optimal operation of the power system, prudent financial management, and manpower development.

Energy and Water Sector Reform and Development Project - GEF Mitigation Renewable Energy Energy Unit; Country Department AFTEG; Africa Region Yes World Bank Country Subsaharan Africa Energy sector support Energy sector measures Implementation Completion Report 2009 PDF icon Energy and Water Sector Reform and Development Project - GEF

Development objectives are to improve the supply of power, water and sanitation systems; to increase operational and end-use efficiency in the power and water sectors: to lessen the barriers to the development of renewable energy resources; and foster sound management of water resources. Specific objectives are: privatization of Electra; increased private participation in and financial autonomy of water operations; expansion and rehabilitation of power, water and sanitation systems in major urban centers; development of wind power capacity with private financing; promotion of solar photovoltaic and wind energy systems for decentralized use; development of a regulatory and legal framework in the power and water sectors; capacity strengthening for regulation, and promotion of energy efficiency.

3rd Ozone Depleting Substances Phase-out (Montreal Protocol) Mitigation Other Mitigation LCE ENV Family; Mexico and Colombia; Latin America and the Caribbean Region Yes World Bank Country Latin America and Caribbean Ozone depleting substances phase out projects Integrated environmental management Implementation Completion Report 2006 PDF icon 3rd Ozone Depleting Substances Phase-out (Montreal Protocol)

The project financed the incremental costs of conversion to non-ODS technology for a group of priority cost-effective sub-projects in four industrial sectors, contributing to reduce ODS consumption in Mexico. This project was the third Bank-implemented ODS phase out operation (ODS III) in Mexico. The first was the Ozone Protection Pilot Recycling and Training Project (OTF 21924, or ODS I), a USD180, 000 grant for a demonstration mobile air conditioning (MAC) service recycling sub-project and aerosol sector safety training sub-project.

Ecomarkets Project Mitigation LULUCF Sustainable Development Sector Management Unit; Central America Country Management Unit; Latin America and the Caribbean Region Yes World Bank Country Latin America and Caribbean Environmental management Implementation Completion Report 2007 PDF icon Ecomarkets Project

Costa Rica experienced one of the highest rates of deforestation worldwide during the 1970s and 1980s. In 1950, forests covered more than half of the country; by 1995, forest cover had declined to 25 percent of the national territory. Approximately 60 percent of forest cover, totaling 1.2 million hectares, is on privately owned lands outside of national parks and biological reserves. World Bank estimates indicate that 80 percent of deforested areas, nearly all on privately owned lands, were converted to pasture and agriculture. Deforestation was principally driven by the rapid expansion of the road system and by inappropriate policies, including cheap credit for cattle and land titling laws that rewarded deforestation. These policy incentives have since been removed, and Costa Rica has become one of the world's leading proponents of environmentally sustainable development. The development objective of the proposed project is to increase forest conservation in Costa Rica by supporting the development of markets and private sector providers for environmental services supplied by privately owned forests.

Western Java Environmental Management Project Mitigation Other Mitigation Urban Development Sector Unit; Sustainable Development Department; East Asia and Pacific Region Yes World Bank Country East Asia and Pacific Sustainable community development Implementation Completion Report 2007 PDF icon Western Java Environmental Management Project

The objectives of the three-tranche Western Java Environmental Management Program are to strengthen institutionally and economically the local, provincial and regional institutions responsible for waste management and environmental control; to develop local environmental strategies and plans within the national strategy; to increase community awareness and participation in environmental management both at the local government and community levels; to improve waste collection and disposal as well as support activities directed at waste reduction, reuse and recycling; to improve the environmental conditions of a number of specific, high priority localities; and to assist in developing a commercial level composting industry through a grant from the GEF.

Power and Communications Sectors Modernization and Rural Services Project - PROMEC Mitigation Other Energy Sustainable Development Department; Bolivia, Ecuador, and Peru Country Management Unit; Latin America and Caribbean Region Yes World Bank Country Latin America and Caribbean Energy sector measures Implementation Completion Report 2008 PDF icon Power and Communications Sectors Modernization and Rural Services Project - PROMEC

The Project will support the Government's efforts to deepen reforms in the telecommunications and electricity sectors, by strengthening regulatory institutions and improving environmental management of the sectors' activities, fostering competition and increasing private participation, promoting efficient use of energy, extending coverage in underserved areas and providing modern information and communication technologies (ICT)-supported services to micro and small businesses (MSBs), and enhancing communication and consultation in the sectors.

Integrated Silvopastoral Approaches to Ecosystem Management Mitigation LULUCF Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development, Central American Department, Latin America and Caribbean Region Yes World Bank Regional Latin America and Caribbean Sustainable community development Implementation Completion Report 2008 PDF icon Integrated Silvopastoral Approaches to Ecosystem Management

In 2002, about 38 percent of Central America's total land area was used as permanent pasture, and this area had expanded over the previous decade in the three project countries (Colombia, Costa Rica and Nicaragua) at a rate of between four and nine percent, mostly at the expense of tropical forest. Thus, ranching-induced deforestation was one of the main causes of loss of some unique plant and animal species in the tropical rainforests of Central and South America. Despite significant efforts to reduce destruction of tropical forests and protect the natural habitats and wildlife populations in Latin America, the beginning of the new century did not look more promising for the preservation of tropical rainforest and biodiversity than the preceding years. Over the previous decade, natural forest areas in the three countries had been reduced between 6 and 25 percent.

Krakow Energy Efficiency Project Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Sustainable Development Department, Central Europe and Baltics Country Unit, Europe and Central Asia Region No World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2009 Poland PDF icon Krakow Energy Efficiency Project

The Krakow Energy Efficiency Projec's development objective was to improve the energy efficiency of the city's district heating (DH) system, decrease heat energy consumption by improving energy efficiency at the end-user level, and develop knowledge-based mechanisms to finance energy efficiency projects.  The project components included:

strategic and development investments to improve and increase consumer connections to DH and hot water services;

  1. finance ecological investments including discontinuing coal-fired heat-only-boilers (HOBs) and converting some to gas or oil-firing;
  2. modernize heat exchange stations; and
  3. finance heat efficiency investments including introducing computerized systems and training to strengthen institutions.

The evaluation report rates the project as having a moderately satisfactory outcome and a moderate risk to development outcome.  Both the Bank and the borrower performances were satisfactory.  Lessons learned from the project include:

  1. When appraising a borrower for an entrepreneurial business, the Bank should focus on the capacity of the borrower to be flexible and entrepreneurial and whether the right type of entrepreneurial people will be available to spearhead the new business model;
  2. When lending to a borrower that will enter an unfamiliar market, initial loan planning should focus on listing risks and mitigation strategies, and ensuring adequate liquidity to cover acceptable contingencies.
Renewable Energy Project Mitigation Renewable Energy Sustainable Development Department, Turkey Country Department, Europe and Central Asia Region No World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Commercialization support Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2010 PDF icon Renewable Energy Project

Since 1996, the Turkish Government has embarked on a comprehensive electricity reform program that aims to establish a competitive electricity market with the goal to increase private investment, improve supply- and demand-side efficiency, and ensure energy supply security in an environmentally sustainable manner.The project objective is to increase privately owned and operated distributed power generation from renewable sources, without the need for government guarantees, within the market-based framework of the new Turkish Electricity Market Law.

Second National Railways Project (Zhe-Gan Line) Mitigation Transport China and Mongolia Sustainable Development Unit, Sustainable Development Department, East Asia and the Pacific Region No World Bank Country East Asia and Pacific Public Transport Transport Implementation Completion Report 2008 PDF icon Second National Railways Project (Zhe-Gan Line)

The Ministry of Railways has been facing mounting competition from the expanding highway system. It faced the dual challenges of increasing capacity as well as increasing service quality while maintaining profitability. This project was designed to improve the transport connectivity of southwestern China to the east, enhance capacity and improve service quality by upgrading an important rail line linking Shanghai and Zhejiang with Jiangxi and Hunan (and from there to Guizhou and Yunnan) provinces, thereby helping to address the needs of poorer and disadvantaged regions. In addition, the conversion of this line from diesel to electric traction (which is partly generated from hydropower sources) will yield environmental benefits.

Russian Federation - Municipal Heating Project Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Sustainable Development Department, Europe and Central Asia Region No World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2008 Russia PDF icon Russian Federation - Municipal Heating Project

The overall objective of the Russian Federation Municipal Heating Project is to alleviate the financial burden on municipal governments associated with the supply of district heating to the local population.  The project aimed to achieve this by improving the operating efficiency of district heating systems through investments to save energy and reduce heat losses; promoting sound cost recovery policies and commercial practices; and supporting government efforts to improve the cost-effectiveness of subsidy programs through better targeting and delivery of subsidies to low-income households.

The evaluation reported satisfactory outcomes with a moderate risk to development and moderately satisfactory performances by both the Bank and borrower.  Lessons learned included the following: Continuity of the team working on the project is very important, and strong local leadership and expertise is essential for the regional development programs.   Furthermore, project design needs to be realistic and not overly complex, and Sub Loan Agreements need to be finalized before the project is presented to the Board.

Liepaja Region Solid Waste Management Project Mitigation Biomass Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development Unit, Europe and Central Asia Region No World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2007 PDF icon Liepaja Region Solid Waste Management Project

The purpose of this project is to demonstrate self-sustaining, modern management of municipal solid waste through maximum collection and utilization of landfill gas (LFG) in the city and district of Liepaja. Other objectives include;demonstrating modern sanitary landfill techniques on a regional basis; strengthening institutional capacity at the local/regional levels on issues related to municipal solid waste management; arresting the on-going contamination of groundwater; reducing environmental disamenities for neighbors of existing disposal sites that would be closed; facilitating the separation of recyclable material; and reducing greenhouse gas emissions through an emission reduction agreement with the Prototype Carbon Fund (PCF).

Second Renewable Energy Mitigation Other Energy Sustainable Development Department, India Department, South Asia Region Yes World Bank Country South Asia Energy sector support Energy sector measures Implementation Completion Report 2008 PDF icon Second Renewable Energy

By the second half of the 1990s, India's reforms in the areas of investment, trade, and finance, initiated in response to the 1991 crisis, had helped stimulate the economy. During the period 1994- 1997, the country experienced high average rates of economic growth of 7 percent. The 1997 Country Assistance Strategy (CAS) document proposed Bank group assistance in reducing infrastructure bottlenecks and promoting private sector participation across sectors. The India Compact also called for the Bank to assist the Government to implement priorities identified in its National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP 1993), including development of the Alternative Energy Plan. At the time of project design, India's power industry was characterized by inadequate and inefficient power supply with peak capacity and energy supply shortages exceeding 20 percent and 10 percent, respectively. On the demand-side, inefficient pricing and a variety of market and non-market barriers contributed to the overall inefficient use of electricity and thermal energy, exacerbating the energy shortage and leaving a large unfulfilled market for financing investments in projects that could cost-effectively reduce energy costs in industrial units.

Kiev Public Buildings Energy Efficiency Project Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Infrastructure and Energy Services Department (ECSIE) No World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2005 Ukraine PDF icon Kiev Public Buildings Energy Efficiency Project

The main development objective of the Kiev Public Buildings Energy Efficiency Project for Ukraine was to improve the energy efficiency of key public buildings in the capital city of Kiev through a package of technical improvements and sound heat tariff policies.  The project was expected to help develop a local energy efficiency market and related service industry capable of supplying and installing energy efficiency equipment in Kiev with the potential to serve other areas of Ukraine in the future. The project was also designed to promote public awareness around energy efficiency in Kiev. The project built upon policy reforms already implemented in Kiev during the preparation of the Kiev District Heating Improvement Project.  Project components were:

  1. Energy efficiency improvements in institutional buildings;
  2. Technical audits to yield engineering estimates of the buildings' present energy consumption, and training around retrofit actions for energy efficiency;
  3. Consulting services for project management, developing an awareness campaign, and training programs;
  4. Financial audits, to cover incremental audit costs.

The evaluation rates the outcomes of the project as satisfactory with high levels of likely sustainability.  Furthermore, the institutional development impact was rated substantial, and the Bank and Borrower performance were both satisfactory.  There were a number of lessons learned including: the importance of strong project ownership, commitment to results, and highly qualified management and staff to success.

Kiev District Heating Improvement Project Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Sustainable Development Department, Ukraine, Belarus and Moldova Country Unit, Europe and Central Asia Region No World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2007 Ukraine PDF icon Kiev District Heating Improvement Project

The Kiev District Heating Improvement Project was designed to:

replace and increase heat production capacity to better meet existing and expected future demand, and to improve the reliability and service levels in the Kiev District Heating (DH) system; and

to extend the life of, increase the efficiency of, and enhance conservation of the Kiev DH system through rehabilitation and introduction of modern technologies and materials.  It was also intended to

strengthen and promote the privatization of DH companies.

This evaluation rates the project's outcomes as moderately unsatisfactory and the risk to development outcome substantial.  The report found the Bank's performance was satisfactory, and the Borrower performance was moderately satisfactory.  Lessons learned were related to a number of issues including the importance of using advisors on a regular basis to update technical know-how, training key staff at the very beginning of the project, considering alternative means of reducing the impact of price hikes on the poor, and looking at alternatives to flat rate tariff reductions.

Household Energy Project Mitigation Biomass Africa Energy Unit (AFTEG) No World Bank Country Subsaharan Africa Energy access Sustainable community development Implementation Completion Report 2004 PDF icon Household Energy Project

The Development Objective of the project was to provide an economic and sustainable supply of energy for households. The specific objectives of the project as per the Development Credit Agreement were to promote the establishment of the sustainable production of woodfuels using a community-based natural resource management system in selected villages providing energy to the capital, N'Djamena; strengthen the capacity of the Borrower to extend such production elsewhere; carry out institutional reforms in the household energy sector; and improve efficiency in the use of household energy.

Energy Conservation Project Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Transport, Energy and Mining Unit. Sustainable Development Department, East Asia and Pacific Region Yes World Bank Country East Asia and Pacific Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2007 China PDF icon Energy Conservation Project

This China Energy Conservation Project was designed to support the introduction of a market-based approach to financing energy conservation investments and energy performing contracting, in order to try and overcome some of the major impediments to energy conservation in China.  The project was also designed to support a new energy information program, providing consumers with information on financially attractive energy conservation investments.  The project had three components:

  1. Energy management company demonstration;
  2. Information and dissemination; and
  3. Program management and monitoring. 

This evaluation report rated project outcomes as satisfactory overall.  Furthermore, global environment objectives (GEO) were satisfactory, the risk to development outcome was low or negligible and for GEO was low or negligible, the Bank performance was satisfactory, and the Borrower performance was satisfactory.  Some lessons learned include: consistent central government support was critical for the success of the project; government support provided necessary legitimacy to the emerging new businesses; and that provincial government support was also important.  Finally, the report finds that flexibility and adaptability were crucial in the design of the project since it introduced new concepts and practices.

Southern Provinces Rural Electrification Project Mitigation Renewable Energy East Asia Energy and Mining Sector Unit (EASEG) Yes World Bank Country East Asia and Pacific Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2005 PDF icon Southern Provinces Rural Electrification Project

The project development objectives (PDO) were to expand rural electricity service in seven central and southern provinces of Lao PDR, where economically justified, through grid extension and off-grid electrification; and strengthen Electricité du Laos' (EdL) capacity to plan and implement electrification investments and operate on a commercial basis. Key performance indicators were increase electrification ratio in project provinces from 11% of households in 1996 to 20% in 2003; and EdL performance vis-à-vis the Project Implementation Plan, and EdL and the Government compliance with technical and financial targets in Performance Contract.

Municipal Solid Waste Management Project Mitigation Biomass Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development Unit (ECSSD), Europe and Central Asia Region (ECA) Yes World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2005 PDF icon Municipal Solid Waste Management Project

The objective of the Project was to improve management of solid waste through measures which would improve environmental quality, contain contamination of ground water and create new financial arrangements for recovery of the cost of solid waste services. The project objective was clear and realistic. It was in line with both national priorities and the Country Assistance Strategy of 1994, and was based on extensive field visits jointly conducted by Latvian and World Bank specialists.

Power System Improvement Project Mitigation Renewable Energy Infrastructure and Energy Services Department (ECSIE) No World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2005 PDF icon Power System Improvement Project

The objectives of the project were to increase efficiency of hydropower generation; expand the generating capacity of the major hydropower plants; increase system operating efficiency of the power generation and transmission facilities; reduce losses in the electricity distribution system; facilitate the development of an independent power plant industry; and facilitate the re-integration of the Borrower into UCPTE.

Ethiopia Power Sector - Energy Project (02) Mitigation Renewable Energy Africa Energy Unit (AFTEG) No World Bank Country Subsaharan Africa Energy sector support Energy sector measures Implementation Completion Report 2006 PDF icon 255 Energy Project (02).pdf

The project development objectives were to increase the efficiency and sustainability of Ethiopia's power sector, and to increase electricity use for economic growth and improved quality of life; and to improve utilization efficiency of rural renewable energy. Progress on these objectives was measured by Ethiopia achieving by the end of 2002: total system failures of no more than 3 per year; capacity to connect 250, 000 new customers to the grid as the distribution network is rehabilitated and expanded (under a separate project); 100% of new industrial applicants for power connections will be satisfied; and (iv) to inventory biomass stock in Northern regions.

Energy Efficiency/Housing Pilot Project Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Infrastructure and Energy Services Department (ECSIE) No World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2002 Lithuania PDF icon Energy Efficiency/Housing Pilot Project

The objectives of the Lithuania Energy Efficiency/Housing Pilot Project (EEHPP) were to support private initiative in improving residential energy efficiency; support public initiative in improving energy efficiency in schools; and support housing privatization policies and enable increased private initiative in housing maintenance in general.   The project included the following interventions:

  1. credit for residential energy efficiency rehabilitation, with incentives for homeowners;
  2. energy efficiency rehabilitation of schools in selected municipalities; and
  3. institutional development and strengthening, via technical assistance that will.

In terms of outcomes, the overall project as a demonstration and pilot effort was rated fully satisfactory and project sustainability is rated likely. The overall World Bank performance was also satisfactory as was the Borrower's. 

Ghazi Barotha Hydropower Project Mitigation Renewable Energy South Asia Energy and Infrastructure Group (SASEI) No World Bank Country South Asia Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2004 PDF icon Ghazi Barotha Hydropower Project

The Development Objectives of the project were to assist the Government of Pakistan (GOP) in its efforts to develop domestic energy resources and reduce load-shedding in a cost effective and environmentally sustainable manner, thereby supporting the country's long-term energy development objectives; reinforce and complement the reform program for the power sector; strengthen WAPDA's capability to address environmental and resettlement issues related to hydropower projects; and further rationalize the use of electricity.

Jelgava District Heating Rehabilitation Project Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Energy Sector Unit, Europe and Central Asia Region (ECSEG) No World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2000 Latvia PDF icon Jelgava District Heating Rehabilitation Project

This evaluation assesses the Jelgava District Heating Rehabilitation Project which comprised two components:

  1. rehabilitation of the DH system, through a program to upgrade the system to a variable flow regime; increase boiler efficiency; abate leakages; install heat meters; eliminate environmentally unsound, low-stack coal-fired boilers; and strengthen the maintenance function; and
  2. institutional support for policy reform, project implementation and enterprise restructuring for project agencies.

In terms of its success, the evaluation indicates the project met most of its objectives. Lessons learned included issues concerning demand forecasts, tariff and regulatory policies, competition with gas, evaluation of DH systems as whole, and the need to resolve pending liabilities of the beneficiary before the commencement of implementation.

Energy Efficiency Project Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Infrastructure and Energy Services Department (ECSIE) Yes World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2001 Russia PDF icon Energy Efficiency Project

This report evaluates the Gas Distribution Rehabilitation and Energy Efficiency Project, financed by a loan worth US$106.5 million from the World Bank, which aimed to increase the efficiency of energy use in slected regions of Russia, to improve the efficiency and safety of gas distribution, and support policy reforms in the gas subsector.

The project had three components:

  1. gas distribution network improvements;
  2. energy efficiency investments; and
  3. technical assistance.

An initial program aimed at greenhouse gas reduction, and financed under the Global Environment Facility, is also linked to the project

The Project was rated as having an unsatisfactory outcome in terms of sustainability, modest institutional development impact, satisfactory performance by the Bank, and an unsatisfactory performance by the Borrower. An increase in the efficiency of energy use was largely achieved.

Some lessons learned include:

  1. Local leadership and expertise, and availability of counterpart funding, are essential for success;
  2. The Borrower should establish and maintain arrangements to ensure interagency coordination and single-point responsibility for project deliverables;
  3. When appraising regional sub-projects, pay special attention to assessing the creditworthiness of sub-borrowers.
Katowice Heat Supply and Conservation Project Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Energy Sector Unit, Europe and Central Asia Region (ECSEG) No World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2001 Poland PDF icon Katowice Heat Supply and Conservation Project

This report evaluates the Katowice Heat Supply and Conservation Project financed by a US$45 million loan from the World Bank to PEC Katowice, Poland. The project's aims were to:

  1. enhance energy conservation and efficiency in the district heating sector;
  2. extend the life of existing district heating assets through rehabilitation and introduction of modern technologies; and

reduce environmental pollution through investments in energy-efficient equipment and systems as well as by supporting a program to eliminate coal-fired heat-only boilers. In terms of implementation, the project involved:

  1. an investment component consisting of investments in equipment to optimize the existing district heating system; and
  2. technical assistance through consultancy services, studies and staff training.

The evaluation rated the project's outcomes as "satisfactory" and key lessons learned are related to issues concerning:

  1. demand forecasts,
  2. tariff policies,
  3. financial covenants,
  4. entity financial management,
  5. corporate governance,
  6. institutional development,
  7. reallocation of substation benefits, and
  8. involvement of local combined heat and power plant.
Estonia - District Heating Rehabilitation Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Energy Sector Unit, Europe and Central Asia Region (ECSEG) No World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2000 Estonia PDF icon Estonia - District Heating Rehabilitation

This evaluation assesses the overall achievements of the District Heating Rehabilitation Project in Estonia, supported by a US$38.4 million loan from the World Bank. The projec's objectives were to: reduce fuel costs and import requirements; bring about energy efficiency and economy in major district heating (DH) systems; improve environmental conditions in affected areas; and support the strengthening and restructuring of DH institutions and development of the energy sector.

In terms of implementation, the project included support for:

  1. conversion and replacement of small boilers to use local fuels;
  2. rehabilitation of DH systems in Tallinn, Tartu and Parnu;
  3. improvement of Iru (CHP, Tallinn) Power Plant; and
  4. institutional support program for project agencies to support project management and implementation, for restructuring energy agencies and for further development of the energy sector.

According to this report, the projects' overall performance was judged satisfactory; it showed a strong level of ownership by the Borrower and project beneficiaries.

Lessons learned included:

  1. The demand forecasts of the project were overly-optimistic.
  2. Appropriate tariff policies play an important role in maintaining DH consumers and thus the viability of DH systems.
  3. It is highly important to properly assess risks associated with the potential for competition from gas, or other alternatives to DH.
China, Sichuan - Gas Development and Conservation Project Mitigation Other Energy East Asia Energy and Mining Sector Unit (EASEG) Yes World Bank Country East Asia and Pacific Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2003 China PDF icon China, Sichuan - Gas Development and Conservation Project

This report evaluates the Sichuan Gas Development and Conservation Project which was financed with an IBRD loan and a GEF grant with the aim of supporting the restructuring of the oil and gas sector in the People's Republic of China between 1994 - 2003.  More specifically the project was designed to promote the development and conservation of gas resources in an economic, efficient and environmentally sound manner; and to strengthen the institutional capabilities of China National Petroleum Company (CNPC) and Sichuan Petroleum Administration (SPA).

The project comprised three main elements:

  1. restructuring;
  2. investment; and
  3. institution building.

In terms of results, the project's development objectives were fully achieved and in many cases surpassed. Overall project outcome is rated as satisfactory only because of the delayed completion of the upgrading and rehabilitation of the system.

With about 10% of the country's population and a per capita income of only 50% of the national average, Sichuan was one of the poorest provinces in China. While the economic growth in Sichuan was averaging around 10%, the growth of energy supply had not kept pace with the demand. As a result of severe gas shortages, industrial production was curtailed and industries were switching over from gas to coal. The share of natural gas in the commercial energy consumption had decreased from 19% in 1979 to 11% in 1990 while the share of coal increased from 68% to 74%. Rise in coal consumption was exacerbating the already serious environmental impacts linked with its use.

Philippines, Leyte Cebu - Geothermal Project - PNOC - NPC Mitigation Renewable Energy East Asia Energy and Mining Sector Unit (EASEG) No World Bank Country East Asia and Pacific Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2000 Philippines PDF icon Philippines, Leyte Cebu - Geothermal Project - PNOC - NPC

The objectives of the Project are to improve the efficiency and overall performance of the energy sector; assist the Borrower in meeting the rapidly increasing demand for electricity power in Cebu province, by expanding the geothermal power generation capacity and reinforcing its related power transmission system; strengthen the Borrower's financial viability and institutional capabilities to enable it to undertake its long-term investment program and promote private sector participation in geothermal power generation projects in the Philippines.

China, Zhejiang - Tianhuangping Hydroelectric Project Mitigation Renewable Energy East Asia Energy and Mining Sector Unit (EASEG) No World Bank Country East Asia and Pacific Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2002 China PDF icon China, Zhejiang - Tianhuangping Hydroelectric Project

The project objectives are to alleviate an acute shortage of peaking power and enable more efficient use of power plants in a predominantly coal-fired thermal power system by transferning off-peak energy to peak with construction of the cost-effective and environmentally sound Tianhuangping pumped-storage hydroelectric plant and associated facilities; support economic reforms and enabling environment for attracting foreign investments and promoting private sector development by improving the quality of the power supply and enhancing socioeconomic conditions in densely populated East China regions; improve load management and promote energy conservation by introducing appropriate peaking power pricing; support institutional development of the beneficiary by strengthening its organization through an advanced management and staff training program; contribute to the development of an improved power utility regulatory framework; assist in transferning new power technologies for what will be the largest pumped-storage hydroelectric plant in China, and in applying modem power system operation optimization methods; and extend technical assistance in project design and implementation, and in promoting prudent financial management.

Argentina and Paraguay - Yacyreta Hydroelectric Project (02) Mitigation Renewable Energy LCSFU No World Bank Country Latin America and Caribbean Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2001 Argentina PDF icon Argentina and Paraguay - Yacyreta Hydroelectric Project (02)

Yacyreta hydroelectric scheme is a joint venture between Argentina and Paraguay on the Parand River started in 1973, and implemented by an autonomous agency, Entidad Binacional Yacyreta (EBY) under the Yacyreta Treaty. Yacyreta is a complex, multi billion investment endeavor, consisting of a large earth dam, a power house with an ultimate capacity of 3, 100 MW, and a program of infrastructure relocation, population resettlement and environmental impact mitigation.

Power and Environmental Improvement Project Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Energy Sector Unit, Europe and Central Asia Region (ECSEG) No World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Power plants Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2000 Czech Republic PDF icon Power and Environmental Improvement Project

The objectives of the project, as stated in the Staff Appraisal Report (SAR), were to improve power plant efficiency, reduce air pollution in northern Bohemia and thereby improve the environment and health of the local population; modernize the transmission system; and facilitate interconnection of the Ceske Energeticke Zavody (CEZ) and German power grids. These objectives were to be accomplished in the context of overall reform of the energy sector.

Electricity Energy Project Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency East Asia Energy and Mining Sector Unit (EASEG) Yes World Bank Country East Asia and Pacific Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2000 Thailand PDF icon Electricity Energy Project

This report evaluated the Thailand Promotion of Electricity Energy Efficiency (TPEEE) Project, which was co-financed by the GEF (US$9 million). The project was national in scope and consisted of a five-year demand-side management (DSM) plan. It was implemented by the Demand-Side Management Office (DSMO) of the state-owned public electricity utility, the Electricity Generating Authority of Thailand (EGAT).

Lessons learned include:

  1. Consumer awareness, consumer and investor knowledge and confidence in energy efficiency products is a key objective for an effective DSM program;
  2. Capacity building it is helpful to begin with programs that do not require extensive cooperation with other agencies;
  3. Program design, a program should be designed in a way that allows "early wins" that then lead to expanded programs.
  4. Commercial markets, ESCO (Energy Services Company) models must be developed to suit the local or national business culture
  5. Sustainability, voluntary programs are useful as a necessary step toward the development of minimum standards. This is relevant to both low and high incremental cost products. To sustain energy efficiency achievements, however, mandatory standards may be required.
  6. Also, with internal planning, it is important to have an external, third-party monitor and an evaluation process/ agency involved on a regular basis. This leads to credible data and confidence in the reported results of the programs.
High Efficiency Lighting Project Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Enrique Vanegas (LCSFP), and Gary Costello, consultant (LCSES) Yes World Bank Country Latin America and Caribbean Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 1998 Mexico PDF icon High Efficiency Lighting Project

The project objectives were to demonstrate the technical and financial feasibility of reducing emissions of greenhouse gases and simultaneously reduce local environmental contamination through the widespread installation of high efficiency lighting; build institutional capacity for technological change and energy conservation; provide a replicable model for demand-side-management (DSM) in Mexico and elsewhere in the developing world; and strengthen the CFE capacity to practice DSM on a sustainable basis.

Phaseout of Ozone Depleting Substances Project - GEF Mitigation Other Mitigation ECSSD Yes World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Ozone depleting substances phase out projects Integrated environmental management Implementation Completion Report 1998 PDF icon Phaseout of Ozone Depleting Substances Project - GEF

The principal objective of the Project was to assist the Czech Republic in the costeffective phaseout of ODS production and consumption by 1996, as mandated by the Montreal Protocol. Specific objectives included the progressive phase-out of chloroflurocarbon (CFC) production in the Czech Republic; the establishment of a Czech network for refrigerant recovery, reclamation and recycling (3R); and supporting applied engineering efforts to use ODS substitutes in manufactured goods, thereby reducing immediate and future needs for regulated substances.

Energy Efficient Project Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Sustainable Development Department, Latin America and the Caribbean Region Yes World Bank Country Latin America and Caribbean Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2006 Brazil PDF icon Energy Efficient Project

This project was designed to support an Energy Efficiency Program in Brazil. The global environmental objective of the project was to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by increasing the efficiency of energy supply and use in Brazil using a market-based approach. The project objective was fully consistent with GEF Operational Program No. 5, namely the removal of barriers to EE and energy conservation. The objective of OP5 is the dissemination of least-economic cost energy-efficient technologies and the promotion of the efficient use of energy. The EE program would reduce the risk of climate change by mitigating greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, which would help Brazil to meet its commitments under the UNFCCC through intensified national efforts to improve energy efficiency in various sectors.

Renewable Energy Development Project - GEF Mitigation Renewable Energy China and Mongolia Sustainable Development Unit, Sustainable Development Department, East Asia and Pacific Region Yes World Bank Country East Asia and Pacific Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2009 PDF icon Renewable Energy Development Project - GEF

Development of sustainable markets for wind and photovoltaic (PV) technologies, in order to increase supply of electricity in an environmentally sustainable way and improve access of isolated rural populations to electricity services. The project's global objectives are to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by producing electricity from renewable energy, reduce costs of renewable energy to permit longterm financial sustainability, and remove barriers to the large-scale commercialization of the technologies.

Ozone Depleting Substances Phase-Out GEF Project Mitigation Other Mitigation ECSSD Yes World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Integrated environmental management Implementation Completion Report 2005 PDF icon Ozone Depleting Substances Phase-Out GEF Project

The overall original objective of the Ukraine Ozone Depleting Substance Phase Out Project was to assist Ukraine in the rapid phase out of ODS consumption, in a manner consistent with international efforts and within internationally agreed timeframes. The Project's more specific objectives were to assist high consumption enterprises in Ukraine to make the transition to non-ODS substitutes before ODS supplies diminish, provide technical assistance for phase out in the halon sector,provide technology transfer associated with low Global Warming Potential (GWP) refrigerants for domestic refrigeration and provide institutional strengthening to the Ozone Office within MEPNS and MEP.

Ozone-Depleting Substances Phase-Out GEF Project Mitigation Other Mitigation ECSSD Yes World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Ozone depleting substances phase out projects Integrated environmental management Implementation Completion Report 2001 PDF icon Ozone-Depleting Substances Phase-Out GEF Project

The projecfs main objective was to assist Belarus with the rapid phaseout of ODS consumption in a manner consistent with international efforts and within internationally agreed timeframes. The project was designed to help provide assistance to high consumption enterprises in Belarus to enable them to make the transition to non-ODS materials before supplies diminish. The project would also provide needed technical assistance and institutional strengthening to an Ozone Office established on July 1, 1996 in the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection (MNREP).

Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) Phaseout GEF Project Mitigation Other Mitigation ECSSD Yes World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Ozone depleting substances phase out projects Integrated environmental management Implementation Completion Report 2001 PDF icon Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) Phaseout GEF Project

The objective of the project was to assist Poland in carrying out a Country Program to phase out ODS consumption and enable existing users to shift to more ozone friendly technologies. In so doing Poland would be helping to maintain the Earth's ozone shield that protects its inhabitants from UVB sun radiation. This objective was to have been met by supporting priority sub-projects identified in the Country Program for technology conversion to non-CFC materials, supporting the establishment of a nationwide network for CFC recovery, reclamation, and recycling (3R) operations, and improving the capacity of the Ministry of Environment to manage and oversee the phaseout of ODS in Poland through institutional strengthening.

Ozone-Depleting Substance Consumption Phase-Out GEF Project Mitigation Other Mitigation ECSSD Yes World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Ozone depleting substances phase out projects Integrated environmental management Implementation Completion Report 2004 PDF icon Ozone-Depleting Substance Consumption Phase-Out GEF Project

The overall original objective of the Russian Federation Ozone Depleting Substance Consumption Phase Out Project (the Project) was to assist Russia in the phase-out of ODS consumption, in a manner consistent with international efforts in the field, while ensuring that this is accomplished with the minimum of economic dislocation.

Bulgaria Ozone Depleting Substances Phaseout Project Mitigation Other Mitigation ECSIN Yes World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Ozone depleting substances phase out projects Integrated environmental management Implementation Completion Report 2000 PDF icon Bulgaria Ozone Depleting Substances Phaseout Project

The objective of the project was to assist Bulgaria's transition into non chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) technology which will not harm the earth's ozone layer. This objective would be met by supporting priority sub-projects identified in the Country Program for technology conversion to non-CFC materials, initiating CFC recovery, reclamation, and recycling operations; and strengthening the institutional capacity of the Ozone Task Force (OTF) in the Ministry of Environment and Water (MoEW).

Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) Phaseout Project Mitigation Other Mitigation ECSSD Yes World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Ozone depleting substances phase out projects Integrated environmental management Implementation Completion Report 1999 PDF icon Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) Phaseout Project

The principal objective of the Project was to assist Slovenia in the cost-effective phaseout of ODS consumption as mandated by the Montreal Protocol (the Protocol) and its amendments and adjustments. Specific objectives included, the progressive phaseout of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) consumption in Slovenia through adoption of new cost-effective CFC-free technologies; and institutional strengthening to improve the capability of the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning (MEPP) in managing and overseeing ODS phaseout activities.

Uganda - Energy for Rural Transformation Project Mitigation Renewable Energy Africa Energy Group, Sustainable Development Department, Africa Region Yes World Bank Country Subsaharan Africa Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2009 Uganda PDF icon Uganda - Energy for Rural Transformation Project

Uganda's economy had been consistently registering strong economic performance, with an average real rate of growth of about 6.9 percent since 1990/91 and an average annual increase in real per capita income of 3.7 percent over the previous decade. At the same time, development in rural areas had lagged well behind urban areas. Moreover, the quality of rural life was severely constrained by lack of electricity in rural public institutions.

Methane Gas Capture and Use at a Landfill - Demonstration Project Mitigation Biomass Sustainable Development Department, Latin America and the Caribbean Region Yes World Bank Country Latin America and Caribbean Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2007 PDF icon Methane Gas Capture and Use at a Landfill - Demonstration Project

The project has promoted the design, construction and operation of the first ever methane gas power plant in Mexico, and Latin America, that incorporates local and global environmental concerns in its scope and operation. The project is currently powering city lights at night and the Metro system during the day in Monterrey, all of this is being done with landfill gas that would otherwise have been leaked into the atmosphere, contributing to greenhouse gas accumulation.

Renewable Energy for Agriculture Project (GEF) Mitigation Renewable Energy Sustainable Development Department, Latin America and the Caribbean Region Yes World Bank Country Latin America and Caribbean Sustainable community development Implementation Completion Report 2006 PDF icon Renewable Energy for Agriculture Project (GEF)

This project was the first project in the World Bank to be funded by the GEF's Climate Change program. It was also the first to concentrate on improving productive uses of renewable energy in order to catalyze the use of carbon neutral energy sources. Despite its success, it remains one of the very few examples of Bank projects that have intended to promote the use of renewable energy for productive uses . The GEF contribution was essential for the project to achieve a reduction in carbon emissions as, without this incremental contribution, the project would simply have promoted productive uses in agriculture through using conventional energy sources.

Romania - Energy Efficiency GEF Project Mitigation Industrial Energy Efficiency Sustainable Development Department, Europe and Central Asia Region Yes World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2009 Romania PDF icon Romania - Energy Efficiency GEF Project

This evaluation is of a GEF project designed to enable companies in the industrial sector and other energy consumers to adopt and utilize energy efficient technologies, and help put the Romanian economy onto a sustainable path of lower energy intensity and green house gas emissions. The Global Environment Objective (GEO) of the project was to improve the knowledge and the availability of mechanisms necessary for financiers and energy consumers to fund viable energy efficiency projects by removing barriers and lowering transaction costs.

The project consisted of two components:

  1. Investment Financing worth US$8 million, and
  2. technical Assistance worth US$2 million, covering capacity building, fund management, and administration.
Mexico - Introduction of Climate Friendly measures in Transport Mitigation Transport Sustainable Development Department, Latin America and the Caribbean Region Yes World Bank Country Latin America and Caribbean Policy and research Transport Implementation Completion Report 2009 Mexico PDF icon Mexico - Introduction of Climate Friendly measures in Transport

The project development objective is to contribute to the development of policies and measures that will assist in a long-term modal shift toward climate-friendly, more efficient and less polluting, less carbon intensive transport in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA). Specifically, the project will support aspects of the recently completed Third Air Quality Management Plan which are consistent with the GEF Operational Program on Sustainable Transport and the Metropolitan Climate Change Action Plan (MCCAP).

Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change Project Adaptation Science, assessment, monitoring and early warning Sustainable Development Department, Latin America and the Caribbean Region Yes World Bank Regional Latin America and Caribbean Adaptation Implementation Completion Report 2009 PDF icon Mainstreaming Adaptation to Climate Change Project
Lithuania - Vilnius Heat Demand Management Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Sustainable Development Department, Europe and Central Asia Region Yes World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2009 Lithuania PDF icon Lithuania - Vilnius Heat Demand Management

This report evaluates a GEF-supported Energy Conservation Program in Lithuania which aimed at reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) from a city heating provider, Vilnius District Heating System. The project plan involved reducing the barriers to, and also helping implement, financially sustainable energy efficiency investments in the residential sector of Vilnius City.

This would be achieved via projects including:

  1. financing the supplier's demand management program demonstrating the benefits of automatic and consumer-controlled use of heat in homes and consumption-based billing at the apartment level;
  2. some funding to help cover connection fees for low-income customers,
  3. creating revolving funds to support work to reduce heat loss from the city's housing stock.

The outcomes were rated as moderately unsatisfactory and lessons learned include the need to find ways of reducing capital costs of building renovations for the city's housing stock.

Rehabilitation and modernisation of a railway network Mitigation Transport Evaluation Department No EBRD Country Europe and Central Asia Public Transport Transport Operation Performance Evaluation Review 2005 PDF icon Rehabilitation and modernisation of a railway network

The railway forms a key link between the landlocked countries of Central Asia and the West. Freight traffic, however, substantially declined after the break-up of the former Soviet Union and a number of regional military conflicts. Lack of funds in the 1990s, combined with destruction and theft during local hostilities, saw a serious deterioration in the rail tracks and other railway assets. This resulted in low train operating speed and capacity restraints.

Railway Project Mitigation Transport Evaluation Department No EBRD Country Europe and Central Asia Public Transport Transport Operation Performance Evaluation Review 2005 PDF icon Railway Project

Rail transportation plays a vital role in virtually every segment of the economy and has a direct impact on growth, industrial development, regional integration and foreign trade. Rail is the preferred means of transport for all major types of cargo with the exception of oil and gas. The Ministry of Railways and its successor organisation (Railways) managed one of the world's largest railway enterprises. In 2003 Railways was merged with the Ministry of Transport (MoT), but continues to operate under MoT's governance as an incorporated open joint-stock company.

Romania, Bucharest - Multi Sector Project District Heating Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Evaluation Department - Nicolas Mathieu No EBRD Country Europe and Central Asia Energy efficiency Operation Performance Evaluation Review 2010 Romania PDF icon Romania, Bucharest - Multi Sector Project District Heating

This report looks at a technical cooperation (TC) operation attached to a multi-sector project operation for the city of Bucharest. The TC was carried out by the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development (EBRD).

The TC was made up of two main components:

  1. public transport, and
  2. district heating. However, this report focuses on the heating component since that was the larger of the two projects.

The TC involved supporting the preparation and implementation of a development strategy for the existing heating provider in the city. TC components included carrying out an assessment of the credit worthiness of the city of Bucharest, prepare an investment plan and conduct baseline studies, initiate a credit enhancement program, and establish a project implementation unit to monitor and evaluate the use of the Bank's funds.  Overall the project was rated party successful.

Energy efficiency and renewable energy credit line and residential energy efficiency credit line Mitigation Other Energy Evaluation Department -Nicolas Mathieu No EBRD Country Europe and Central Asia Energy sector support Energy sector measures Operation Performance Evaluation Review 2008 PDF icon Energy efficiency and renewable energy credit line and residential energy efficiency credit line

The Bank's involvement in the technical cooperation (TC) to support energy savings in Bulgaria is directly linked to the two credit lines, the Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Credit Line (EERECL) and the Residential Energy Efficiency Credit Line (REECL) and the grant from the Kozloduy International Decommissioning Support Fund (KIDSF). The Bulgarian EERECL was to support industrial EE and small renewable projects in the private sector and thus help Bulgaria achieve its strategic objectives as outlined in the 2003 energy law. The facility was to demonstrate the benefits of rational energy use, build expertise among participating banks (PBs) and sub-borrowers and increase financial intermediation targeted at energy utilisation.

Chile, Satiago - Sustainable Transport and Air Quality (GEF) Mitigation Transport Sustainable Development Department, Latin America and the Caribbean Region Yes World Bank Country Latin America and Caribbean Transport Implementation Completion Report 2010 Chile PDF icon Chile, Satiago - Sustainable Transport and Air Quality (GEF)

To help reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) from ground transport in Santiago through the promotion of a long-term modal shift to more efficient and less polluting forms of transport, and the adoption of sustainable low-GHG transport measures. To that end, the project will support the implementation of the 2000-2010 Urban Transport Plan for Santiago (TRANSANTIAGO, formerly known as PTUS), a comprehensive multi-sector plan, which is consistent with the overall objectives of the GEF operational program on sustainable transport.

Regional Solar Energy Center of the West African Economic Community (CEAO) Mitigation Renewable Energy Mr. T. P. SEYA and Mrs. R. COFFI BERTE No AfDB Regional Subsaharan Africa Renewable energy Project Completion Report 1995 PDF icon Regional Solar Energy Center of the West African Economic Community (CEAO)

The Project for the Establishment of a Regional Solar Energy Centre (CRES) was initiated as a result of the awareness by the Heads of State of the West African Economic Community (CEAO) of the consequences of their countries' total dependency on traditional sources of energy such as oil and electricity, while the sub-region had vast solar energy potential. In October 1978, the CEAO Heads of State decided to establish a Regional Solar Energy Centre in Bamako, in Mali, in order to make suitable use of the sun as a source of natural energy in abundant supply in Africa.

Tunisie - Efficacité énergétique dans le construction Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Evaluation and Capitalisation Unit - Koulm Guillaumie et Alain Ries Yes AFD Country Middle East and North Africa Energy efficiency Evaluation Methodoligies 2008 Tunisia PDF icon Tunisie - Efficacité énergétique dans le construction

L'objet de l'évaluation rétrospective est de formuler une opinion motivée sur la pertinence, l'efficience, l'efficacité, l'impact et la viabilité des projets financés au regard du contexte, de la politique et des procédures d'intervention du Fonds français pour l'environnement mondial. Les évaluateurs ont examiné les réalisations du projet en fonction des objectifs qui étaient fixés et des finalités de développement du FFEM. Ils ont par ailleurs procédé á l'examen de son processus de préparation et d'exécution dans ses différentes phases d'identification, d'instruction, de mise en oeuvre et de suivi.

Benin and Togo - Nangbeto Hydroelectric Dam Mitigation Renewable Energy Operations Evaluation Department No AfDB Country Subsaharan Africa Renewable energy Project Performance Evaluation Report 1995 Benin PDF icon Benin and Togo - Nangbeto Hydroelectric Dam

Since it was established in 1968, the CEB (Communaute Electrique du Benin) and inter-state organization, has had as its main objective the development of the MONO river hydroelectric potencial. The engineering and economic studies led to the choice of NANGBETO for the construction of the first dam. The purpose of Nangbeto dam with a capacity of 60 MW and a potencial of 148 GWh/year is to satisfy the medium-term power requirements of the Republics of benin and Todo.

Comment mesurer l’impact climatique Mitigation Other Mitigation Evaluation and Capitalisation Unit - Koulm Guillaumie No AFD Country East Asia and Pacific Organizational sector evaluation Evaluation Methodoligies 2007 PDF icon Comment mesurer l’impact climatique

Les programmes d'efficacité énergétique font l'objet de critiques récurrentes quant á l'absence de mesures et d'estimations exactes des économies d'énergie et des émissions de gaz á effet de serre (GES) résultant du programme engagé. Il est vrai que l'évaluation d'un programme énergétique n'est pas une science exacte, puisqu'elle s'appuie sur des estimations de croissance énergétique en l'absence du programme. Toutefois, les techniques d'évaluation ont évolué et abouti á un bon compromis entre des mesures précises et un coût acceptable.

Cartographie du portefeuille des projets d’efficacité énergétique et d’énergiesrenouvelables du groupe AFD et du FFEM Mitigation Other Energy Evaluation and Capitalisation Unit - Koulm Guillaumie, Claude Briand et Alain Ri No AFD Country East Asia and Pacific Organizational sector evaluation Evaluation Methodoligies 2007 PDF icon Cartographie du portefeuille des projets d’efficacité énergétique et d’énergiesrenouvelables du groupe AFD et du FFEM

Les projets de développement d'ER restent plus nombreux que les projets visant á l'EE, ces derniers étant en outre plus particulièrement financés par le FFEM. Celui-ci a ainsi financé depuis 1994 des projets d'EE dans la construction, les transports, l'industrie ainsi que des projets de développement des ER : électrification rurale photovoltaïque et filière bois-énergie. Après avoir soutenu de nombreux projets d'électrification rurale décentralisée (ERD), le portefeuille de projets de l'AFD s'est diversifié vers des secteurs nouveaux (biocarburants, cogénération). En dehors d'une participation dans un fonds d'investissement en Asie, le portefeuille de Proparco concentre des projets de production d'ER, á partir de l'énergie éolienne essentiellement mais également de l'hydroélectricité et de la combustion de biogaz.

Afghanistan - Efficiency Project in the Construction Sector Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Evaluation and Capitalisation Unit - Alain RI No AFD Country South Asia Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency 2009 Afghanistan PDF icon Afghanistan - Efficiency Project in the Construction Sector

The project evaluated involves improving energy efficiency in Afghan schools and health centres. At the request of the French Ministry for Foreign and European Affairs (MAEE), the French Global Environment Facility (FGEF) granted the project a

Review of AFD and French GEF Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Projects Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Evaluation and Capitalisation Unit - Claude Briand and Alain Ri No AFD Organizational sector evaluation 2008 PDF icon Review of AFD and French GEF Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Projects

The energy management sector comprises energy efficiency (EE) projects and the development of renewable energy sources (RES) in various economic sectors. For the last ten years, AFD has been supporting projects that address two of AFD Group's main priorities: combating climate change and energy efficiency. Climate change is also a major operational focus of the French Global Environment Facility (French GEF), which consists of a steering committee2; a scientific and technical committee3 and a secretariat located at AFD headquarters.

Liban et en Tunisie - Améliorer la qualité énergétique des bâtiments les leçons de quatre programmes FFEM en Chine Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Evaluation and Capitalisation Unit - Alain Ri No AFD Country Multicountry Energy efficiency Evaluation Methodoligies 2008 Libya PDF icon Liban et en Tunisie - Améliorer la qualité énergétique des bâtiments les leçons de quatre programmes FFEM en Chine

Le présent rapport constitue la synthèse des évaluations rétrospectives de quatre programmes d'efficacité énergétique dans la construction qui ont bénéficié de financements du Fonds français pour l'environnement mondial (FFEM). Ces différents travaux ont été menés, á la demande du FFEM, par la division Evaluation et capitalisation de l'Agence Française de Développement (AFD). L'objet de l'évaluation rétrospective est de formuler une opinion motivée sur la pertinence, l'efficacité, l'efficience, les impacts et la viabilité des programmes financés au regard du contexte, de la politique et des procédures d'intervention du FFEM. Les évaluateurs ont examiné les réalisations des projets en fonction des objectifs qui étaient fixés et des finalités de développement du FFEM. Ils ont, par ailleurs, procédé á l'examen de leurs processus de préparation et d'exécution dans leurs différentes phases 'identification, d'instruction,de mise en oeuvre et de suivi.

Uzbekistan - Railway Modernization Project Mitigation Transport No ADB Country Europe and Central Asia Public Transport Transport Project Completion Report 2008 Uzbekistan PDF icon Uzbekistan - Railway Modernization Project

Prior to Uzbekistan's independence, the country's railway system was the largest part of the former Soviet Union's (FSU's) Central Asian railways. The system traced the ancient trade route linking Asia and Europe and the Persian Gulf with Central Asia and provided a strategic corridor for the transportation of passengers and goods within the Central Asian region and between Central Asia and other states that were part of the FSU. The main goal of the Project was to facilitate pro-poor economic growth through technical and institutional measures to improve the operational efficiency of railway transport.

India - Industrial Energy Efficiency Mitigation Industrial Energy Efficiency No ADB Country South Asia Industrial and production process efficiency Energy efficiency Project Completion Report 2002 India PDF icon India - Industrial Energy Efficiency

In December 1994, the Asian Development Bank (ADB) approved the Industrial Energy Efficiency Project (IEEP) to promote energy efficiency in Indian industry, consistent with ongoing market-oriented reforms in the country.The Project was intended to support financially viable investments leading to energy efficiency, by firms in the energy intensive industry sector. The Project was intended to support financially viable investments leading to energy efficiency, by firms in the energy intensive industry sector. The IEEP loan of $150 million to Industrial Development Bank of India (IDBI) was onlent to a number of subprojects promoted by IDBI's clients. The loan was fully utilized within the envisaged closing date and was closed on 27 September 2000.

Second Industrial Energy Efficiency and Environmental Improvement Project China Mitigation Industrial Energy Efficiency Yes ADB Country East Asia and Pacific Energy efficiency Project Completion Report 2003 China PDF icon Second Industrial Energy Efficiency and Environmental Improvement Project China

This project was designed to promote sustainable improvements in energy efficiency in China's industrial sector and create substantial environmental benefits. The project aimed to do this by supporting legislative and institutional reforms in energy conservation and market-based economics, while providing catalytic investments to fund efficiency and environmental improvements.  The project focused on five enterprises across three major energy-intensive industry groups: i) cement, ii) chemical, and iii) metallurgy. Geographically, the project worked across three provinces and one municipality. One enterprise was dropped from the project due to financing problems.  In terms of results, all four remaining subprojects were completed ahead of schedule and the project achieved its main objectives and was rated 'successful'.

Energy efficiency in China's construction (French) Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Evaluation and Capitalisation Unit - Diane Szynkier and Alain Ri No AFD Country East Asia and Pacific Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency 2008 China PDF icon Energy efficiency in China's construction (French)
Nepal - Kali Gandaki I A Hydroelectric Project Mitigation Renewable Energy No ADB Country South Asia Renewable energy Project Completion Report 2004 Nepal PDF icon Nepal - Kali Gandaki I A Hydroelectric Project

Hydroelectric power provides most of the electricity in Nepal. The Government's energy policy has focused on developing the country's large, economically exploitable hydropower potential as a renewable source of energy for domestic use and for exports. In line with this thrust, the primary objective of the Kali Gandaki A Hydroelectric Project (the Project) was to help meet the increasing demand for electricity in Nepal in an environmentally sustainable, socially acceptable, and least-cost manner. The Project's other objectives included improving the operational and financial performance of the Nepal Electricity Authority (NEA), the Executing Agency (EA), through attached technical assistance (TA) and a non-technical loss-reduction component, and improving NEA's cost recovery through enhanced retail tariffs that promote efficiency in power consumption.

Mongolia - Ulaanbaatar Heat Efficiency Project Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency No ADB Country East Asia and Pacific Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency Project Completion Report 2008 Mongolia PDF icon Mongolia - Ulaanbaatar Heat Efficiency Project

The Ulaanbaatar Heat Efficiency Project was developed to address numerous deficiencies and shortcomings in the heat supply as identified in the late 1990s. The district heating system (DHS) suffered from insufficient heat supply in many areas, hydraulic imbalance, huge water losses, as well as lack of automatic controls and energy meters. The Ulaanbaatar DHS was initially constructed in 1959. It was based on supply of hot water produced at three combined heat and power plants (CHPs): Thermal Energy Station (TES) 2, TES 3, and TES 4.

Indonesia - Power XXIII Project Mitigation Renewable Energy No ADB Country South Asia Renewable energy Project Completion Report 2008 Indonesia PDF icon Indonesia - Power XXIII Project

The Project covered the construction of the 19 megawatt (MW) Tanggari II hydropower scheme (HPS) in North Sulawesi; the construction of the 210 MW Musi HPS in the southern part of Sumatra; reinforcement of transmission networks in the southern part of Sumatra; installation of waste heat recovery equipment in selected diesel power stations outside Java; implementation of demand side management (DSM) pilot projects; and engineering design of the 340 MW Merangin HPS in the southern part of Sumatra.

Mongolia - Energy Conservation Project Adaptation Building Energy Efficiency No info No ADB Country East Asia and Pacific Adaptation Project Completion Report 2002 Mongolia PDF icon Mongolia - Energy Conservation Project

The Project's strategic objectives were to meet the basic needs of the population and support economic recovery; and promote sec tor efficiency. The direct objectives of the Project were to improve district heating reliability and reduce district heating losses by rehabilitating critical sections of the district heating system in Ulaanbaatar; encourage enduse energy conservation through improved metering and through demonstration projects; and improve district heating system operation and maintenance through on-the-job training and technical support.

Greenhouse Gas Implications of ADB's Energy Sector Operations Mitigation Other Energy Independent Evaluation Department No ADB Country Other Organizational sector evaluation 2009 PDF icon Greenhouse Gas Implications of ADB's Energy Sector Operations

Globalization and technological advancements have created immense opportunities for wealth creation in all parts of the world. Billions in Asia are now able to contribute to the global economy; and with increased income levels and improved living conditions, millions have risen above poverty levels. Concurrently, production of new goods and services, as well as rising household incomes, have started pushing up energy demand growth rates in Asia, and the developing Asian countries are expected to contribute to more than 58% of incremental global primary energy consumption until 2030. Developing Asian countries rely largely on coal and other fossil fuels to support their economic growth, as did other countries that industrialized previously. Emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) from the use of such fuels contribute to climate change impacts.

China - Evaluation of the Guizhou Shuibai Railway Project Mitigation Transport Operations Evaluation Department No ADB Country East Asia and Pacific Public Transport Transport Project Performance Evaluation Report 2007 China PDF icon China - Evaluation of the Guizhou Shuibai Railway Project

In August 1998, ADB approved a loan for construction of the Guizhou Shuibai Railway Project. The loan was to finance a 121 kilometer (km) standard-gauge, single-track, electrified railway line from Liupanshui to Baiguo in the western part of Guizhou. Additional outputs of the Project included construction of service, access, and link roads; computerization of management information and financial accounting systems of the railway company; and institutional development. The construction of the railway line was a major engineering accomplishment. Given the challenging mountainous terrain, 50 tunnels and 102 bridges had to be constructed.

Reducing Carbon Emissions from Transport Projects Mitigation Transport Independent Evaluation Department No ADB Other Organizational sector evaluation Sector Evaluation 2010 PDF icon Reducing Carbon Emissions from Transport Projects

This study is not a typical performance evaluation of past ADB projects. Instead, it evaluates the likely impact of ADB's transport portfolio on CO2 emissions. It contributes to the development of more standardized methodologies for transport project CO2 impact assessment and portfolio benchmarking. ADB is cooperating with other multilateral institutions and transportation stakeholders in developing and enhancing these transport project analysis tools for quick assessment of CO2, local air pollution, and other benefits and costs.

China - Hefei-Xi'an Railway Project Mitigation Transport Operations Evaluation Department No ADB Country East Asia and Pacific Public Transport Transport Final Evaluation 2008 China PDF icon China - Hefei-Xi'an Railway Project

The Hefei-Xi'an Railway Project (the Project) was conceived as a key intervention to promote pro-poor growth and create the employment and income-generating activities needed to reduce poverty. The Government of the Peoples Republic of China (PRC) has sought to reduce the economic disparity between inland and coastal provinces, and the Project received a high priority in the Ninth Five-Year Plan (1996-2000) and the Railways Development Plan (1998-2004).

China - Ganzhou-Longyan Railway Project Mitigation Transport Independent Evaluation Department No ADB Country East Asia and Pacific Public Transport Transport Final Evaluation 2009 China PDF icon China - Ganzhou-Longyan Railway Project

The Project was to provide efficient and low-cost transportation for passengers and goods, which would increase the development of natural resources and industry bringing more income to the local community and thus help reduce poverty. The Project's connection to the national railway network was to improve traffic maneuverability, reduce constraints, and increase overall railway efficiency.

Uzbekistan - Railway Modernization Project Mitigation Transport Operations Evaluation Department ADB Country Europe and Central Asia Public Transport Transport Final Evaluation 2008 Uzbekistan PDF icon Uzbekistan - Railway Modernization Project

The railroad is the primary mode of long distance and bulk freight transport and therefore essential for the country's international, subregional, and domestic economic development. Since the breakup of the Soviet Union, there has been considerable underinvestment in the railway sector, resulting in major operational inefficiencies and underutilization of railway carrying capacity. The Railway Modernization Project (the Project) was to complete the rehabilitation of the main railway route and to continue implementation of the policy reforms and restructuring initiatives started under the first railway rehabilitation project.

Bangladesh - Coastal Greenbelt Project Adaptation Oceans and coastal areas No info No ADB Country South Asia Adaptation Project Completion Report 2005 Bangladesh PDF icon Bangladesh - Coastal Greenbelt Project

The coastal areas of Bangladesh are prone to severe damage from cyclones. In 1991, a devastating cyclone with winds exceeding 200 kilometers (km) per hour and a tidal surge of 6 meters (m) struck Bangladesh. About 140, 000 lives and about $240 million worth of public infrastructure alone were lost. This and previous cyclones proved that dense forest cover along the coastline, particularly wide belts of mangrove plantations such as those found in the Sundarbans (a large natural mangrove area in the southwestern part of Bangladesh) and other coastal areas, are an effective buffer against the impacts of cyclones. The Coastal Greenbelt Project (CGP) was formulated against this backdrop.

India - Renewable Energy Development Project Mitigation Renewable Energy No ADB Country South Asia Renewable energy Project Completion Report 2004 India PDF icon India - Renewable Energy Development Project

Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency Limited (IREDA) was incorporated in March 1987, under the Companies Act, 1956, as a specialized financial institution, wholly owned by the Government, primarily for promoting, developing, and financing new and renewable sources of energy (NRSE) technologies. IREDA's main objectives are to operate a revolving fund for promotion, development, and commercialization of NRSE; assist in upgrading NRSE technologies and extend financial support to energy efficiency and energy conservation projects.

Institutional Strengthening for the Elaboration Mitigation Enabling Activities Dr. Vicente Barros Yes UNDP Country Latin America and Caribbean Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2005 Uruguay PDF icon Institutional Strengthening for the Elaboration

The goal of the Project was to strengthen the technical and institutional capacities of the Ministry of Housing, Territorial Regulation and Environment to enable the Government of Uruguay to elaborate its Second National Communication (SNC) to comply with its obligations under the United Nations Framework Convention of Climate Change (UNFCCC). The Project objectives were to produce the Third National GHG inventory, to develop a program of general measures for mitigation and adaptation, to prepare and present the SNC to the Conference of the parties of the UNFCCC on time, to strength the interest, awareness and technical capacity at the national level, and to facilitate actions leading to institutional strengthening.

Indonesia - Supporting Pollution Controls and Sustainable Environmental Monitoring Mitigation Environment JICA No JIBC East Asia and Pacific Environmental monitoring Integrated environmental management Final Evaluation 2004 Indonesia PDF icon Indonesia - Supporting Pollution Controls and Sustainable Environmental Monitoring

In 1994, the Japanese government extended a loan of 2, 935 million yen to Indonesia to fund an environmental monitoring improvement project that was designed to support environmental monitoring capacity development within BAPEDAL, Indonesia's Environmental Impact Management Agency, at the local level. In specific terms, the loan was used to fund the supply of equipment for monitoring environmental pollutants such as water, air and ambient noise, to 39 regional laboratories in 14 provinces owned by the ministries of health, industry and public works, as well as training in the operation of these equipment.

Phillippines - Supporting Pollution Controls and Sustainable Environmental Monitoring Mitigation Environment Hosei University and Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology - Ryo Fujikura and Mikiyasu Nakayama No JIBC East Asia and Pacific Environmental monitoring Integrated environmental management 2004 Philippines PDF icon Phillippines - Supporting Pollution Controls and Sustainable Environmental Monitoring

In this survey, it was evaluated the sustainability of environmental monitoring using the equipment provided to the National Power Corporation (NPC) under the Project. NPC, which is responsible for the operation and management of power plants, does not recognize environmental monitoring as part of its original responsibility. They find no reason to perform monitoring as long as no problem affecting power generation occurs. We examined the operational status of the monitoring equipment provided under the Project as well as the existence of pressure on NPC for the purpose of evaluating NPC's motivation level for environmental monitoring and sustainability.

Mexico - Sulfur Dioxide Emission Reduction Project Mitigation Other Mitigation JICA No JIBC Latin America and Caribbean Depollution Integrated environmental management Final Evaluation 2001 Mexico PDF icon Mexico - Sulfur Dioxide Emission Reduction Project

In 1988 the Mexican government adopted 100 Necessary Devices for the Environment as an action plan for countermeasures against atmospheric pollution in the Mexico City capital region, which had been worsening year by year. In 1989 the Integrated Plan Against Atmospheric Pollution in the Mexico City Capital Region, containing specific countermeasures, was adopted. The plan identified SO2 as one of the main atmospheric pollutants, and named power stations, factories and diesel-engine vehicles as the main sources of SO2 pollution. It called for a project to improve fuel oil (heavy oil, diesel) into low sulfur oil, and this loan project was implemented as a way of funding that SO2 reduction initiative.

Cambodia - Master Plan Study on Rural Electrification by Renewable Energy Mitigation Renewable Energy JICA No JICA Country East Asia and Pacific Renewable energy Evaluation Methodoligies 2005 Cambodia PDF icon Cambodia - Master Plan Study on Rural Electrification by Renewable Energy

The project will increase the electric power supply capacity, provide for the demand for electricity in Sihanoukville, and raise the rate of electrification along transmission lines by laying double-circuit 230k

UNEP Riso Centre on Energy, Climate and Sustainable Development (URC) - formerly UCCEE Phases 5 and 6 Mitigation Other Mitigation Evaluation and Oversight Unit - K. V. Ramani No UNEP Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Special Evaluation Study 2005 PDF icon 183.pdf

During 2000-2004, URC implemented 39 projects worth US$ 29.2 million. Its research activities generated 181 published and 134 unpublished outputs, consisting of policy studies, planning tools, analytical techniques, information packages and data bases. In the same period, it organized 104 capacity building events involving 7,534 participants in 31 countries. Additionally, it assisted the development of national and sectoral plans, supported advisory facilities, and undertook an extensive institution-building exercise at the national levels to help developing count ries to operationalise the Clean Development Mechanism under the Kyoto Protocol.

Comparative review of lessons learned from 20 UNIDO Integrated Programmes UNIDO Evaluation Group No UNIDO Global Organizational sector evaluation Special Evaluation Study 2007 PDF icon 184.pdf

This comparative review documents and aggregates lessons learned from evaluations of 20 Integrated Programmes (IPs) implemented by UNIDO since 1998, when the IP concept was first introduced in the Organization. The review applies the ten quality criteria for IPs developed and used by the Evaluation Group, which in turn build upon the evaluation criteria of OECD/DAC (relevance, impact, sustainability, effectiveness, efficiency).

Increased Environmental Protection in Energy, Industry and Cities Mitigation Other Mitigation USAID No USAID Country South Asia 2002 PDF icon 185.pdf

This SO focused on global climate change, addressed through reducing greenhouse gases (GHG) in power generation facilities, industry, the transport sector, municipal services and end use efficiencies. By working in multiple, mutually reinforcing sectors, this SO was able to achieve substantial reductions in GHGs and create opportunities for sustainable development at the local level. In addition, catalytic processes were created and networks established to carry this work into the future.

UNEP Collaborating Centre on Energy and Environment (UCEE) - Phase 3 and 4 Mitigation Other Mitigation Emilio L No UNEP Country East Asia and Pacific Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2001 PDF icon 182.pdf

An evaluation mission assessed the overall pe rformance of the United Nations Environment Programme Collaborating centre for Energy and Envi ronment (UCCEE) in Roskilde, Denmark, from 1995 to 1999 and made recommendations for improvements in the scope, organization and quality of the centre’s work programme and output. The mission was conducted by the author of this report during the last week of January 2001 in Paris, Roskilde and Copenhagen. This report reviews the activities of UCCEE from 1995 to 1999, discusses the accomplishments of the work programme and constraints encountered, and proposes specific actions for UCCEE to continue to carry out its activities with increased effectiveness.

Redirecting Commercial Investment Decisions to Cleaner Technology - A Technology Transfer Clearing House Mitigation Other Energy Evaluation and Oversight Unit - Oumar FALL Yes UNEP Global Global Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2003 PDF icon Redirecting Commercial Investment Decisions to Cleaner Technology - A Technology Transfer Clearing House

The Global Environment Facility (GEF) within its focal area of Climate Change (CC) and Operational Program (OP 5-Removal of barriers to energy efficiency), sponsored the project in six countries: China, India, Vietnam, Czech Republic, Hungary and Slovak Republic. The overall goal of the project was to reduce emission of Green House Gases (GHGs) by identifying and implementing Energy Efficiency (EE) improvement as an integral part of CPEMS audits in Small & Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in six countries.

Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCCC Mitigation Enabling Activities Evaluation and Oversight Unit - T. Ngara Yes UNEP Country Subsaharan Africa Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2000 Mauritius PDF icon Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCCC

The evaluation begins by looking at Mauritius' early interest in environmental issues such as the 1972 United Nations Conference on the Human Environment in Stockholm. It is also noted that Mauritius was the first country in the world to ratify the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in September 1992. the evaluation looks at the important sectors driving Mauritius' economy which include: textile manufacturing, agriculture and tourism. About half the country's land area is under agriculture (sugar cane).

Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Mitigation Enabling Activities Evaluation and Oversight Unit - Mahendra Kumar Yes UNEP Country East Asia and Pacific Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2001 Niue PDF icon Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC

This evaluation of the Niue UNEP/GEF project is part of the comprehensive review of climate change enabling activities funded by UNEP/GEF. The scope of the evaluation covers the activities undertaken by UNEP to implement the project on preparation of initial national communications. The review compares the planned outputs of the project to the actual outputs and assesses the actual results to determine the impact of the project.

Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Enabling Activities Evaluation and Oversight Unit - Adeyemi Franck Attere Yes UNEP Country Subsaharan Africa Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2003 Comoros PDF icon Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC

The project activities included, first, development of the national greenhouse gas inventory and, second, assessment of the vulnerability of certain sectors. These activities helped the Comoros to begin to identify and evaluate mitigation and adaptation measures that could form the basis for future strategies and action plans.The activities generated information on the various sectors examined and, most important, helped to identify major data issues.

Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Enabling Activities Evaluation and Oversight Unit - Mr. Bubu Pateh Jallow Yes UNEP Country Subsaharan Africa Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2001 Cote d'Ivoire PDF icon Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC
Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Enabling Activities Evaluation and Oversight Unit - Adeyemi Franck ATTERE Yes UNEP Country Subsaharan Africa Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2002 Djibouti PDF icon Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC

The project was funded by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) to assist Djibouti in undertaking the following activities: to develop the greenhouse gas inventory based on the 1994 base year; to identify and assess mitigation options; to develop a comprehensive vulnerability assessment for various sectors; to identify stage adaptation options; to build capacity to integrate climate change concerns into planning; and to provide public awareness and other information.The main objective of this evaluation was to assess the project outputs and results in terms of relevance, appropriateness, effectiveness, efficiency, impact and sustainability. The purpose of the evaluation was to determine the extent to which the project had been successful in fulfilling its objectives and obtaining the expected results in a cost-effective manner.

Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Enabling Activities Evaluation and Oversight Unit - Rody Onate Yes UNEP Country Latin America and Caribbean Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2002 Haiti PDF icon Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC

This enabling activity project has assisted Haiti in meeting its commitment to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change process by preparing and submitting its first national communication. The project is consistent with the climate change core programme and general mandate of UNEP as the United Nations agency to respond to global environmental priorities, with special emphasis on developing countries. The project facilitated the development of an institutional framework and produced an inventory of greenhouse gas emissions, reports on mitigation, vulnerability assessments and a first national communication to the Convention on Climate Change.

Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Enabling Activities Evaluation and Oversight Unit - S. K. Joshi Yes UNEP Country South Asia Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2004 Bangladesh PDF icon Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC

Bangladesh is a developing country in south Asia with an area of 147, 570 square kilometres and a population of 123.1 million (2001 census). The physical environment of Bangladesh is diverse. There is a mix of both traditional and modern methods of land-use, all very closely adapted to the heterogeneous conditions. This complexity of environment and land-use patterns has important implications for the vulnerability and depletion of the natural resource base in the country. Floods are common in Bangladesh, where flood plains constitute about four fifths of the landmass. The adverse impacts of floods become particularly extensive and severe when the effect of drainage congestion is combined with several other factors, including excessive rainfall in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna basin. Being one of the world's most vulnerable countries from the point of view of climate change, the Government and the people of Bangladesh are sensitive to environmental issues.

Enabling Activities for the Implementation of the UN Framework Convention on CC Enabling Activities Evaluation and Oversight Unit - Oumar FALL Yes UNEP Country Subsaharan Africa Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2001 Cameroon PDF icon Enabling Activities for the Implementation of the UN Framework Convention on CC

The present evaluation covers the activities the Government of Cameroon undertook to execute the project: Preparation of initial national communications related to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCC). The evaluation mission included a spot-check evaluation to obtain an accurate picture of what was happening in the project since the expected progress reports were not forthcoming and it was therefore not clear whether the project was making any progress or not. This additional assignment was meant to either help overcome delivery bottlenecks by ensuring that corrective action was taken or guide UNEP on how to remove the last bottlenecks preventing the project to complete its initial national communications process. The views expressed in this report are solely those of the evaluator.

Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations - Phase I: Establishment of a Methodological Framework for Climate Change Mitigation Assessment Mitigation Other Mitigation Emilio L Yes UNEP Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2000 PDF icon Economics of Greenhouse Gas Limitations - Phase I

Project implementation started in 1996 and was scheduled for completion at the end of 1999. The project aims to assist countries with economic analysis of climate change mitigation strategies by establishing, applying and testing a consistent methodological framework. Development of methodological guidelines for climate change mitigation analysis and supporting handbook material was the first planned output of the project.

Zakopane-Podhale Geothermal District Heating and Environment Project.pdf Mitigation Renewable Energy Infrastructure and Energy Services Department (ECSIE) Yes World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2005 Poland PDF icon Zakopane-Podhale Geothermal District Heating and Environment Project.pdf

The new geothermal heating system, supplemented with gas-fired peaking boilers, was intended to displace district heating boilers, large load boilers, and individual home heating systems that were fuelled primarily with coal, coke or oil. Local benefits were expected to include reduced incidence and severity of respiratory disease, reduced damage to biota in the National Park, increased visibility, and increased volume and quality of tourism in the area. Global benefits were also anticipated based on reductions in CO2 emissions.

Energy Technical Assistance And Rehabilitation, and Urban Household Energy Project. Mitigation Other Energy Independent Evaluation Group (ex-Operations Evaluation Department) No World Bank Country Subsaharan Africa Energy sector measures Project Performance Assessment Report 2004 PDF icon Energy Technical Assistance And Rehabilitation, and Urban Household Energy Project.

The Energy Technical Assistance and Rehabilitation Project was prepared and approved in 1987 in response to the civil conflict in Mozambique. It was realized that, without rehabilitation of the energy infrastructure, energy services would deteriorate even more and that improvements were needed to both the infrastructure and the supply of affordable energy services to support the economic recovery o f the country. The project had two objectives: to bring about rapidly a sustained improvement in the supply and distribution of electricity and petroleum products in the main urban areas of Mozambique; and to support economic recovery beyond the short term by helping energy agencies to prepare plans for the sound development of the power, petroleum, and household energylwood fuels subsectors.

Transport Air Quality Management Project for the Metropolitan Area Mitigation Transport Independent Evaluation Group (ex-Operations Evaluation Department) No World Bank Country Latin America and Caribbean Organizational sector evaluation Project Performance Assessment Report 2003 Mexico PDF icon Transport Air Quality Management Project for the Metropolitan Area

The three projects addressed different but important dimensions of Mexico's transport sector and were consistent with the Bank's assistance strategy for the country. The Transport Air Quality project, a complex project that was the first Bank operation anywhere to integrate transport and air quality, aimed to reduce the high level of vehicle emissions in the Mexico City Metropolitan Area (MCMA), develop a policy framework for transport and air policy, and strengthen institutional capabilities. The Highway project, which continued a series o f Bank interventions supporting Mexico's highway system, aimed to protect the federal road network, improve planning of highway maintenance, improve road funding, and improve highway safety. The Infrastructure Privatization project, which supported the government's push to accelerate privatization, aimed to help design and implement privatization of infrastructure, including development of a regulatory framework, rehabilitation and maintenance of the federal road network, and the privatization of state-provided transport and other infrastructure services.

Planta Eólica Tejona Mitigation Renewable Energy Yes World Bank Country Latin America and Caribbean Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2005 Costa Rica PDF icon Planta Eólica Tejona

Este proyecto consiste en la generación de energía, por medio de la instalación de 30 turbinas eólicas de 660 KW marca Vestas, potencial nominal 20 MW, con una generación annual aproximada de 115 GWh.

Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Enabling Activities Evaluation and Oversight Unit - Stephen Karekezi Yes UNEP Country Subsaharan Africa Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2003 Kenya PDF icon Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC

This evaluation aims at reviewing the aforementioned project, which is designed to help Kenya in meeting its commitments under the UNFCCC. It is part of a comprehensive review of climate change activities in Kenya, and complements related UNEP/GEF environmental activities in Kenya such as projects addressing issues of biological diversity, international waters, and the ozone layer. The main objectives of the project were to prepare an initial national communication through updating results from previous projects, fill in identified data and analytical gaps and further enhance and strengthen Kenya's scientific and technical capacity in climate change

Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Enabling Activities Yes UNEP Country Subsaharan Africa Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2001 Lesotho PDF icon Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC

The objective of this Convention is to stabilize greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere at a level that would prevent dangerous human-induced interference with the climate system. This level should be achieved early enough to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change and for food production not to be threatened. The Convention is founded on the principle that Parties should take courses of action, in respect of their economic and social activities, and with regard to the Convention's specific requirements, that will protect the climate system for present and future generations.

Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Mitigation Enabling Activities Evaluation and Oversight Unit - Hideyuki Mori Yes UNEP Country East Asia and Pacific Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2003 Vietnam PDF icon Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC

The objective of the project was to assist Viet Nam to prepare the Initial National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention Climate Change. The final draft of the Initial National Communication was successfully produced following lengthy coordination with the various ministries and agencies concerned. It is expected that the Government of Viet Nam will soon officially submit the report to the Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Fuel Cell Bus and Distributed Power Generation Market Prospects and Intervention Strategy Options Mitigation Transport Evaluation and Oversight Unit - Pat DeLaquil Yes UNEP Other Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2002 PDF icon Fuel Cell Bus and Distributed Power Generation Market Prospects and Intervention Strategy Options

The project was a collaborative effort bringing together UNEP, UNDP, IFC, GEF and industry experts to develop information to support policy decisions by GEF and national Governments in this area of technology. The objectives of the project were to review the climate change mitigation potential of fuel cell applications in distributed electricity generation and on urban transport and to develop strategy options for market interventions supporting early achievement of lower-cost, higher-volume production.

Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Enabling Activities Evaluation and Oversight Unit - Oumar FALL Yes UNEP Country Subsaharan Africa Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2001 Mauritania PDF icon Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC

The project evaluated has been implemented internally by the UNEP Task Manager for Climate Change Enabling Activities, currently located in the Division of Policy Development and Law and externally by the Directorate of Environment and Rural Infrastructure at the Ministry of Rural Development and Environment of Mauritania with the support of the Global Environmental Facility (GEF). This project provided financial assistance to Mauritania to prepare the greenhouse gas inventory, identify and assess mitigation options, develop a comprehensive vulnerability assessment of various sectors, identify adaptation options for the first stage, build capacity to integrate climate change concerns into planning, ensure public awareness and provide other relevant information required to achieve the broad objectives of the Convention.

Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Enabling Activities Evaluation and Oversight Unit - Oumar FALL Yes UNEP Country Subsaharan Africa Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2003 Central African Republic PDF icon Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC

From its start-up in late 1997, the project experienced frequent ups and downs due to the political instability experienced by the country in 1996, 1997, May 2001 and September 2001. The project has implemented nine activities. The actual results correspond roughly to the planned outcomes. The preparation of the initial national communication has raised public awareness and brought the greenhouse gas inventory and analytical tools to the scientific community in the area of climate change. Public awareness about climate change has been adequately addressed through the media and Government authorities have been continuously informed.

Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Enabling Activities Evaluation and Oversight Unit - T. Ngara Yes UNEP Country Subsaharan Africa Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2001 Zambia PDF icon Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC

The evaluation starts by introducing Zambia's national circumstances. Its economy is based on copper mining, which accounts for over 95 per cent of its foreign exchange earnings. Zambia derives its electricity mainly from hydroelectric power, which provides about 13 per cent of the country's total energy needs. Sources of greenhouse gases are found in the form of woodland, charcoal, petroleum and coal. Zambia's interest in environmental issues dates back to 1985, when the country developed its first environmental policy - the National Conservation Strategy.

Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Enabling Activities Dr. Aleksey Kokorin Yes UNEP Country Europe and Central Asia Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2001 Turkmenistan PDF icon Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC

The Turkmenistan State Commission on Climate Change was established in April 1997. In May 1999, the State Commission of Turkmenistan for Ensuring Compliance with Commitments under United Nations Conventions and Programmes on Environmental Protection was established. In September 2001, changes were made in the structure of the State Commission, profiling the Ministry of Environmental Protection as responsible for the Convention on Climate Change and the Minister as the National Focal Point of the Convention on Climate Change. The Centre for Ecological Monitoring acted as executing agency for the preparation of the Initial National Communication to the UNFCCC.

Enabling Activities for the preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Enabling Activities Evaluation and Oversight Unit - Abel Mbewe Yes UNEP Country Subsaharan Africa Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2001 Tanzania PDF icon Enabling Activities for the preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC

The United Republic of Tanzania has demonstrated keen interest in contributing to global reduction of greenhouse gas emissions by participating actively in many climate change activities. The economy of the United Republic of Tanzania has since 1986 been undergoing restructuring from a centralized and Statecontrolled economy to a market-oriented one. Agriculture is the most important economic activity, supplying both food and raw materials. This evaluation looks at various issues such as the institutional framework, project management and coordination that were employed to facilitate the implementation of the GEF Enabling Activity Project. The project was executed under the auspices of CEEST in collaboration with the National Climate Change Committee (NCCC). The Division of Environment, under the Vice-President's Office, also played a role in the implementation.

Enabling Activities for the preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Enabling Activities Evaluation and Oversight Unit - Stanford A.J. Mwakasonda Yes UNEP Country Subsaharan Africa Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2004 South Africa PDF icon Enabling Activities for the preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC

In 1994, the year of the democratic elections, South Africa set up a National Climate Change Committee as an advisory body to the Minister of Environmental Affairs and Tourism to guide the Government on issues of climate change, at both international and national levels. In August 1997 the South African Government ratified the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, and in July 2002 signed the Kyoto Protocol. In order to fulfil its obligation under the Framework Convention on Climate Change, the South African Government embarked upon a number of projects that were related to a broad understanding of issues around climate change, including projects that were related to climate change capacity-building.

Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Enabling Activities Evaluation & Oversight Unit - Malik Amin Aslam Yes UNEP Country South Asia Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2003 Pakistan PDF icon Enabling Activities for the preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC

The present evaluation examined and assessed the activities carried out by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the Government of Pakistan (Ministry of Environment) under the UNEP subproject entitled Pakistan: enabling activities for the preparation of initial national communications related to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (referred to hereinafter as the Convention.

Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Enabling Activities Evaluation and Oversight Unit - Adarsha P. Pokhrel Yes UNEP Country South Asia Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2005 Nepal PDF icon Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC

Nepal signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change on 12 June 1992; it was ratified on 2 May 1994 and entered into force on 31 July 1994. In order to meet its obligations and commitments to the Framework Convention on Climate Change, Nepal implemented a project entitled Nepal: Enabling Activities for the Preparation of the Initial National Communication Related to UNFCCC with the generous assistance of the United Nations Environment Programme-Global Environment Facility (UNEP-GEF). The project had nine activities with specified outputs. One of the major outputs was to prepare and submit the initial national communication to the Framework Convention secretariat and the Conference of the Parties.

Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC Enabling Activities Evaluation and Oversight Unit - Rajeev Kher Yes UNEP Country East Asia and Pacific Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Final Evaluation 2002 Mongolia PDF icon Enabling Activities for the Preparation of Initial National Communications Related to the UNFCC

The project commenced in November 1998 and was originally planned to be completed in two years. However, it had to be extended by one year owing to late start-up and constraints related to weak initial capacities and institutional development. The project has helped to identify institutions that have the initial capacity to be involved in such initiatives and whose capacities could be further enhanced to undertake further work on climate change in Mongolia. More importantly, the project has helped the Government of Mongolia and the stakeholders to understand the consequences of climate change in a land-locked country that is heavily dependent on an agricultural and pastoral economy. Adequate interest has been generated in policy development on climate change and the integration of these issues into overall development planning.

Tehran Transport Emissions Reduction Project Mitigation Transport Infrastructre Development Group, Middle East and North Africa Region Yes World Bank Country Middle East and North Africa Policy and research Transport Implementation Completion Report 1998 Iran PDF icon Tehran Transport Emissions Reduction Project

The Tehran Transport Emissions Reduction Project (TERP) was one of the first projects approved by the GEF board after it was established following the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro in 1992.The main objective of the project was to assess measures that would reduce greenhouse gases (GHG) emissions from urban transport operations in the city of Tehran, and improve local air quality.

Sustainable and Participatory Energy Management Project Mitigation Other Mitigation Africa Energy Unit (AFTEG) Yes World Bank Country Subsaharan Africa Land use Sustainable community development Implementation Completion Report 2005 Senegal PDF icon Sustainable and Participatory Energy Management Project

The developmental objectives of Sustainable and Participatory Energy Management Project (PROGEDE) were to meet an important part of the rapidly growing urban demand for household fuels, without the further loss of forest cover and the ecosystem's carbon sequestration potential and biodiversity, and to generate opportunities for employment and income generation in the participating communities.

Sugar Energy Development Project Mitigation Biomass No World Bank Country Subsaharan Africa Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 1998 PDF icon Sugar Energy Development Project

The Sugar Energy Development Project (SEDP) supported the first phase of the Bagasse Energy Development Program (BEDP) in Mauritius. This program, which began in 1991, emerged from the Sugar Action Plan (SAP) and sought to improve the performance of the sugar industry through greater productivity and product diversification. The latter included the increased production of bagasse, the fibrous waste product of sugar production. The program's objectives were to optimize use of bagasse for electricity generation by 2000 and identify uses of sugar biomass other than bagasse for power production.

Solar Water Heating Project Mitigation Renewable Energy Middle East and North Africa Energy and Water Infrastructure (MNSIF) Yes World Bank Country Middle East and North Africa Solar water heating Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2004 Tunisia PDF icon Solar Water Heating Project

The objectives of the project were to assist the Recipient in encouraging the substitution of renewable solar energy for fossil fuels in public and commercial private institutions so as to mitigate global warming by maximizing carbon dioxide displacement and demonstrate the potential of solar water heating (SWH) for reducing global warming.

Solar Home Systems Mitigation Renewable Energy East Asia Energy and Mining Sector Unit (EASEG) Yes World Bank Country East Asia and Pacific Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2001 Indonesia PDF icon Solar Home Systems

The project's development objectives, as stated in the SAR, were to provide the modem energy form of electricity to rural customers who can not be served economically or in a timely manner by conventional rural electrification, facilitate participation by the private sector in advancing renewable energy conmmercialization, promote environmentally sound energy resource development in Indonesia and reduce the energy sector's dependence on fossil fuels, and strengthen Indonesia's institutional capacity to support and sustain decentralized rural electrification using solar photovoltaics.

Kyjov Waste Heat Utilization Project Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Energy Sector Unit, Europe and Central Asia Region (ECSEG) Yes World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Power plants Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2001 Czech Republic PDF icon Kyjov Waste Heat Utilization Project

The major objective of the Project was to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG), notably CO2. This objective was to be achieved by means of increasing the efficiency and reliability of heat supply to the city of Kyjov, and of the heat and power supply to the Vetropack Moravia Glas s.a (VMG) Factory, through introduction of gas-fired combined cycle heat and power (CHP) production and through intensified use of waste process heat generated at VMG.

Demand-Side Management Demonstration Project Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency LCSFE Yes World Bank Country Latin America and Caribbean Power plants Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2000 Jamaica PDF icon Demand-Side Management Demonstration Project

The main objectives of the Project were to demonstrate, on a pilot scale, and over a five-year time frame, the potential for electricity savings to reduce fossil fuel requirements for electricity generation, with corresponding reductions in C02, NOx, and SO2 emissions; and strengthen the institutional capacity of the electricity sector and other relevant public and non-public agencies to engage in energy efficiency anhacement, implement the saving programs developed through the Project on a larger scale, and develop a framework for broadening the program on a country-wide scale.

Mini-Hydro Power Medium-Sized GEF Project Mitigation Renewable Energy No Unit info - James Moose Yes World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2004 Macedonia PDF icon Mini-Hydro Power Medium-Sized GEF Project

The objectives of the project were to reduce greenhouse gas emissions in Macedonia by substituting power produced by small hydropower plants for power produced from thermal generation. The second objective was to encourage the development of independent power plants especially mini-hydropower plants. This was to be done by constructing mini hydropower plants with a total capacity of about 1200 kW on the water supply systems of the towns of Kavadarci and Debar in Macedonia.

Efficient Industrial Boilers Project Mitigation Industrial Energy Efficiency East Asia Energy and Mining Sector Unit (EASEG) Yes World Bank Country East Asia and Pacific Industrial and production process efficiency Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2004 China PDF icon Efficient Industrial Boilers Project

The principal objective of the project was to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, as well as emissions of total suspended particulates (TSP), sulfur dioxide (SO2) and nitrogen oxides (NOx), through: the development of affordable, energy-efficient and cleaner industrial boiler designs; the mass production and marketing of the improved boiler models that have successfully met performance criteria; and the broad dissemination of more energy-efficient and cleaner industrial boiler technologies throughout China through institutional strengthening, improved information exchange, and energy efficiency and environmental policy reform.

Argentine Efficient Streetlighting Program Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency GEF Evaluation Office (GEFEO) Yes GEF Country Latin America and Caribbean Lighting Terminal Evaluation Review 2004 PDF icon Argentine Efficient Streetlighting Program

The Global Environment objective was to reduce the emission of greenhouse gases, save energy and costs by removing barriers to implementation of climate-friendly, commercially viable technologies. The development objectives were promotion of innovative commercial financing and delivery mechanisms for energy-efficient street-lighting projects and preparation of project transactions for implementation and financing on commercial terms by local financial intermediaries (FIs), including ones with capital available from IFC.

Energy Services Delivery Project Mitigation Renewable Energy Energy Sector Unit, South Asia Region Yes World Bank Country South Asia Energy access Sustainable community development Implementation Completion Report 2003 PDF icon Energy Services Delivery Project

The Energy Services Delivery Project main objectives were to promote the provision of grid-connected and off-grid energy services by the private sector, NGOs, and cooperatives, using environmentally sustainable renewable energy technologies; strengthen the environment for implementing demand side management; and improve public and private sector performance to deliver energy services through renewable energy and demand side management.

Greenhouse Gas Reduction in Natural Gas Global Environmental Facility Mitigation Other Energy Energy Sector Unit, Europe and Central Asia Region (ECSEG) Yes World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Industrial and production process efficiency Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2000 Russia PDF icon Greenhouse Gas Reduction in Natural Gas Global Environmental Facility

The Grant was established to identify and prioritize investment projects and changes in procedures in the natural gas supply and utilization system which would result in a reduction of the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and would be part of a cost-effective GHG mitigation program for the Russian Federation. The principal objectives of the project were to assess the release of methane to the atmosphere and propose methods for its reduction; and to identify and appraise projects to decrease C02 emissions by increasing the efficiency of gas use.

Mali Household Energy Project Mitigation Biomass Africa Energy Unit (AFTEG) Yes World Bank Country Subsaharan Africa Energy access Sustainable community development Implementation Completion Report 2001 Mali PDF icon Mali Household Energy Project

The specific objectives of the project were to create an enabling regulatory and policy environment for project implementation and provide technical assistance and training to peasants, charcoal makers, producers and sellers of stoves and urban consumers to efficiently harvest and carbonize fuelwood, to manage the natural forest in a sustainable manner, and to effectively market and use improved kilns, biomass and kerosene stoves.

Klaipeda Geothermal Demonstration Project Mitigation Renewable Energy Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development Department of the Europe and Central Asia Region (ECSSD) Yes World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2003 Lithuania PDF icon Klaipeda Geothermal Demonstration Project

The objectives of the Klaipeda Geothermal Demonstration Project were to demonstrate the feasibility and value of using low temperature geothermal water as a renewable, indigenous energy resource in district heating systems. To reduce emissions of greenhouse gases (GHG) and sulfur dioxide (SO2) by replacing gas and heavy oil and to promote sustainable management and the development of environmentally sound and non-polluting geothermal resources both in a national and regional perspective.

Leyte-Luzong Geothermal Project Mitigation Renewable Energy East Asia Energy and Mining Sector Unit (EASEG) Yes World Bank Country East Asia and Pacific Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2000 Philippines PDF icon Leyte-Luzong Geothermal Project

The project objectives are to meet the rapidly increasing demand for power in Luzon using indigenous and environmentally superior geothermal energy, strengthen the energy sector by implementing institutional, planning and financial improvements recommended by the Energy Sector Plan (ESP), support the large ongoing private sector participation in power generation, and facilitate it by extending the national grid, strengthen National Power Corporation (NPC) capabilities in environmental and social impact analyses, introduce enhanced co-financing operation (ECO) in the Philippines; and ensure the financial viability of NPC and Philippine National Oil Corporation (PNOC) for undertaking a long-overdue investment program.

Promotion of Electricity Energy Efficiency Project Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency East Asia Energy and Mining Sector Unit (EASEG) Yes World Bank Country East Asia and Pacific Implementation Completion Report 2000 Thailand PDF icon Promotion of Electricity Energy Efficiency Project

In 1993, the World Bank, in conjunction with the Global Environment Facility (GEF), approved the Thailand Promotion of Electricity Energy Efficiency Project. The Project had two major objectives: to build sufficient institutional capability in the Thai electric power sector and the energy-related private sector to deliver cost-effective energy services throughout the economy; and to pursue policies and actions that would lead to the development, manufacture and adoption of energy efficient equipment and processes within the country.

Renewable Resources Development Project Mitigation Renewable Energy South Asia Energy and Infrastructure Unit (SASEI) Yes World Bank Country South Asia Commercialization support Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2002 PDF icon Renewable Resources Development Project

Project Development Objectives were to promote commercialization of renewable resources technologies by strengthening the Indian Renewable Energy Development Agency's (IREDA) capacity to promote and finance entrepreneurial investments in altemate energy, create marketing and financing mechanisms for the sale and delivery of alternate energy systems based on cost-recovery principles, strengthen the institutional framework for encouraging entry of private sector investments in non-conventional power generation, and promote environmentally sound investments to reduce the energy sector's dependence on fossil fuels.

Renewable Energy Systems in Amazon Region (RESPAR) Mitigation Renewable Energy Humberto RODR Yes UNDP Local Latin America and Caribbean Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2005 Peru PDF icon 126 Renewable Energy Systems in the Peruvian Amazon Region (RESPAR) Peru.pdf

El objetivo principal del Proyecto es construir y fortalecer la capacidad de los sectores p

Removal of Barriers to Energy Efficiency and Conservation in Small and Medium Enterprises Mitigation Industrial Energy Efficiency Eco Ltd - Dr Rona Wilkinson, University of Nairobi - Evans Kituyi Yes UNDP Country Subsaharan Africa Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2006 Kenya PDF icon Removal of Barriers to Energy Efficiency and Conservation in Small and Medium Enterprises

The overall objective of the project was to reduce CO2 emissions through increased energy efficiency in Kenya's small- and medium-sized enterprises and consequently provide growth of Kenya's industrial sector. The project, which started in January 2001, under the Kenyan Ministry of Trade and Industry through the Kenyan Association of Manufacturers (KAM) aimed to remove barriers to energy efficiency in SMEs.

Greenhouse Gas Reduction Mitigation Biomass Luis J. Geng T. Yes UNDP Country Latin America and Caribbean Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2003 Chile PDF icon Greenhouse Gas Reduction

The original development objectives of the project were to encourage the production of methanol from biomass residues for use in the transportation sector and to establish energy service companies (ESCOs) to promote the utilization of newer and more efficient motors in the copper mining sector. Project activities either aimed at replacing fuel oil with natural gas, which is apparently more efficient fuel and generates lesser quantities of CO2 emissions, or else at replacing fossil fuels with renewable sources of energy such as fire wood.

Removal of Barriers to Biomass Power Generation and Cogeneration Mitigation Biomass Foundation for the Promotion of Public Policy Studies Yes UNDP Country East Asia and Pacific Renewable energy 2005 Thailand PDF icon Removal of Barriers to Biomass Power Generation and Cogeneration

The seven-year RBBPGC Project represents a collaborative effort between GEF, UNDP, the National Energy Policy Office (NEPO) - now the Energy Policy and Planning Office (EPPO)/Ministry of Energy, and the Danish International Development Assistance (DANIDA) to promote the adoption of renewable energy by removing barriers to biomass power generation and cogeneration with an ultimate goal of reducing GHG emission.

Energy Efficiency Improvements and Greenhouse Gas Reductions (GHG) in the Palestinian Territories Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Carlos Canales Castañer Yes UNDP Country Middle East and North Africa Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2004 PDF icon Energy Efficiency Improvements and Greenhouse Gas Reductions

The Energy Efficiency Improvements and Greenhouse Gas Reduction project  (PAL/97/G31) was part of a regional initiative for energy efficiency joining Egypt and the Palestinian Authority (PA). The project aimed at assisting in the long-term growth in Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions from electric ower generation and from the consumption of non-renewable fuel resources.

Energy Conservation and Green House Gas Emissions Reduction in Township and Village Enterprises (TVE) Mitigation Industrial Energy Efficiency V. Raghuraman Yes UNDP Country East Asia and Pacific Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 1999 China PDF icon Energy Conservation and Green House Gas Emissions Reduction in Township and Village Enterprises

Township and village enterprises (TVE) have engaged surplus agricultural labor, raised standard of living of farmers, induced social stability and prevented urban migration. By their nature, TVE have employed widely diverse scale and genre of technologies, financing mechanisms and capability. Generally, they exhibit lower performance levels than state owned Enterprises (SOE).

Solar Photovoltaics in Africa - Experiences with Financing and Delivery Models Mitigation Renewable Energy Martin KRAUSE and Sara NORDSTR Yes UNDP Regional Subsaharan Africa Renewable energy Special Evaluation Study 2004 PDF icon Solar Photovoltaics in Africa - Experiences with Financing and Delivery Models

While the GEF supports PV projects in order to help households and businesses to obtain modern energy supply, namely electricity, without increasing greenhouse gas emissions, it must be acknowledged that the quantity of greenhouse gases reduced through PV projects is quite small. Most of the PV projects supported by the GEF are designed to stimulate the market for PVs by removing barriers to their expanded use in hopes that a thriving market will develop to supply with electricity the population in Africa currently without electricity at zero net greenhouse gas emissions.

Renewable Energy-Based Electrcity for Rural Social and Economic Development (RESPRO) Mitigation Renewable Energy Dr Samir AMOUS, et al. Yes UNDP Country Subsaharan Africa Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2002 Ghana PDF icon Renewable Energy-Based Electrcity for Rural Social and Economic Development (RESPRO)

The RESPRO project has been implemented as a means to address the need to find sustainable energy paths for rural social and economic development, while at the same time minimizing the disruption to the local, regional or global environment and maximizing the economic benefits. It has consisted on the development of a PV dissemination process in the Northern regions of Ghana as an alternative to the expansion of the fossil fuel-based rural electrification.

Photovoltaic project for Household and Community Use Mitigation Renewable Energy Majero and Associates Yes UNDP Local Subsaharan Africa Renewable energy Final Evaluation 1997 Zimbabwe PDF icon Photovoltaic project for Household and Community Use

The project's objective was to strike a balance between development and environmental concerns by using a sustainable model of solar electricicity dissemination in Zimbabwe's rural areas, to address the issue of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and global warming. The programme will serve as a demostration of an innovate and still unproven technical approach as an alternative to planned grid extensions.

Concentrating Solar Power for Africa Study Mitigation Renewable Energy Africa Energy Unit (AFTEG) Yes World Bank Country Subsaharan Africa Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2001 South Africa PDF icon Concentrating Solar Power for Africa Study

The stated objectives of the CSP-Africa study were to evaluate the leading solar thermal electric technology options with regards to their current and future potential for South Africa. Conduct a broad site assessment to identify the most attractive areas for potential plants. Identify preferred system(s) that could be economically feasible for Eskom to implement in the coming decade. Identify specific constraints that would need to be addressed to attain a sustainable deployment of solar thermal electric systems in South Africa.

Colombo Urban Transport Project Mitigation Transport Independent Evaluation Group (ex-Operations Evaluation Department) No World Bank Country South Asia Organizational sector evaluation Project Performance Assessment Report 2003 Sri Lanka PDF icon 136 Colombo Urban Transport Project.pdf

The Third Roads Project aimed to improve the operation of existing roadways around Colombo, and in the south and west of the country through support for road rehabilitation and improved planning and oversight. No new roads were built. The project's main pbjectives were achieved, albeit with shortcomings; mainly shortfalls in works delivery, weak procurement oversight and contractor performance. road safety issues were also overlooked, and key institutional goals left unattained.

Coal to Gas Conversion GEF Project Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency The Operations, Policy and Services Unit of Europe and Central Asia (ECSPS) Yes World Bank Country Europe and Central Asia Bio based energy Renewable energy Implementation Completion Report 2004 Poland PDF icon Coal to Gas Conversion GEF Project

Ratings convey a satisfactory project outcome, likely sustainability, with only modest institutional development impacts, and, satisfactory performances by the Bank and Borrower. The many lessons learned reinforce the need for Government commitments, for early assessment of local capacities, for secured counterpart funding, and, point at the importance of project ownership. Also highlighted is the fact that the requirement to use English language at all levels of project preparation, seemingly limits local access to the project, and hinders project implementation. This requirement excluded some bidders and made implementation more difficult (sworn translations of receipts were required, which was neither time- nor cost-effective). It is suggested that English language should perhaps not be required below the level of the Implementation Agency, or local consultants. Moreover, the requirement to have the bidding process open to companies from other countries, potentially limits the successful participation of local firms. Such process, especially in the case of small engine procurement, blocked local firms from strengthening their position on the market, slowing their local and national potential expansion. The Public Procurement Law was already enforced, and indeed, national competitive bidding (NCB), provides flexibility in the procurement process.

Building Chiller Replacement Project Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency East Asia Environment Sector Unit (EASEN) Yes World Bank Country East Asia and Pacific Appliances Energy efficiency Implementation Completion Report 2001 Thailand PDF icon Building Chiller Replacement Project

The objective was to assist Thailand to improve energy efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas emissions in the building chiller sector, and reduce consumption of ozone depleting substances (ODS) consistent with its targets under the Montreal Protocol on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer (MP). Specifically, the project aimed to establish conditions to facilitate early replacement of energy-inefficient, CFC-using chillers with 30 % more efficient non-CFC chillers, by demonstrating actual energy savings from replacing about 24 old CFC chillers.

World Bank Assistance to the Transport Sector Mitigation Transport Independent Evaluation Group No World Bank Global Global Organizational sector evaluation Sector Evaluation 2007 PDF icon World Bank Assistance to the Transport Sector

Throughout the past decade transport projects have played a pivotal role in the support of economic development and poverty alleviation. This evaluation assesses the Bank's activities in transport during the period 1995-2005 as well as its preparedness to meet emerging challenges. It concludes that past performance has been well managed and effective, especially for intercity highway construction and rehabilitation, that the Bank's approach to transport contributed to private sector development particularly though private contracting of maintenance, that project outcome ratings have shown a steady improvement since the early 1990s, and that key elements of the current strategy-sustainability, private sector involvement, and urban strategy- remain relevant today.

South African Solar Cooker Project (SOLCO) Mitigation Renewable Energy Nano Energy (Pty) Ltd - Jason Sch Yes UNDP Local Subsaharan Africa Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2006 South Africa PDF icon South African Solar Cooker Project (SOLCO)

The purpose of the SOLCO project was stated in broad terms as seeking to address the harmful effects of current cooking practices in South Africa on the environment and on the safety and quality of life of, in particular, the poor, through the rollout of solar cookers as a solution. The purpose of the UNDP/GEF funded component of the project, more specifically was to attempt pilot production and commercial dissemination of solar cookers in South Africa.

Swedish Support under the Montreal Protocol Ozone Layer Program Mitigation Other Mitigation Department for Infrastructure and Economic Cooperation - Per Sevastik and Peter Adler No SIDA Ozone depleting substances phase out projects Integrated environmental management Special Evaluation Study 2003 PDF icon 111.pdf

All countries which contribute to the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol have the right to use up to a 20% quota of their contribution to the Fund for their own bilateral projects. The Swedish bilateral projects are implemented and co-ordinated by the Stockholm Environmental Institute (SEI). The projects follow the 1997 Sida Guidelines for the Swedish Bilateral Programme under the Montreal Protocol. These Guidelines focus on increasing developing-country ownership of the phase-out with necessary institutional build up and programmes.

The Asian Regional Research Programme in Energy, Environment and Climate - ARRPEEC (I) Mitigation Other Mitigation Department for Research Coopertion SAREC - Gunilla Bjorklund and Michael Chadwick No SIDA Regional East Asia and Pacific Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) 1998 PDF icon The Asian Regional Research Programme in Energy, Environment and Climate - ARRPEEC (I)

The Asian Regional Research Programme in Energy, Environment and Climate, ARRPEEC, was initiated in 1993 to enhance understanding of Energy-Environment-Climate issues, improve the expertise of researchers and provide opportunities for National Research Institutes (NRIs) in the region to work together in a network. The aim was further to enhance policy-oriented research capacity, including among younger researchers.

The Asian Regional Research Programme in Energy, Environment and Climate - ARRPEEC (II) Mitigation Other Mitigation Department for Research Coopertion SAREC - J. M. Christensen and G. A. Mackenzie No SIDA Regional East Asia and Pacific Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) 2004 PDF icon The Asian Regional Research Programme in Energy, Environment and Climate - ARRPEEC (II)

The programme aims at improving the understanding of energy, environment and climate (EEC) issues among researches and policy makers in Asian developing countries through a centrally coordinated, regional effort to build policy-oriented research capacity, with involvement of researchers and institutions in the region.

Swedish Energy Support Mitigation Other Energy Department for Infrastructure and Economic Cooperation; ORGUT Consulting AB No SIDA Country Latin America and Caribbean Energy sector support Energy sector measures Special Evaluation Study 2000 Nicaragua PDF icon Swedish Energy Support

Early on in the 1980's the Nicaragua government expressed and interest in small-scale hydroelectric power plants. Studies, financed by Sida, were carried out to identify possible sites and two installations were built with Sida support. The interest in hydropower on the part of the government expanded to include medium size installations as a part of an energy diversification strategy.

A Study of Least-Cost Greenhouse Gas Abatement Strategy (Algas Project) Mitigation Other Mitigation Stein Hansen Yes UNDP Regional East Asia and Pacific Organizational sector evaluation Final Evaluation 1999 PDF icon A Study of Least-Cost Greenhouse Gas Abatement Strategy (Algas Project)

The Asia Least-Cost Greenhouse Gas Abatement Strategy (ALGAS) is aimed at enhancing existing national and regional capabilities to develop least-cost greenhouse gas abatement strategies that promote environmentally sustainable economic development in 12 Asian countries.

Barrier Removal for the Widespread Commercialization of Energy-Efficient CFC-Free Refrigerators Mitigation Other Energy Efficiency Dr. David Von Hippel and Madame Wang Lei Yes UNDP Country East Asia and Pacific Appliances Energy efficiency Final Evaluation 2006 China PDF icon Barrier Removal for the Widespread Commercialization of Energy-Efficient CFC-Free Refrigerators

The project has improved energy efficiency and reduced GHG emissions by removing barriers to the widespread commercialization of energy-efficient refrigerators. It successfully combined elements of "technology push" by providing a combination of training, technical resources and financial incentives to induce refrigerator manufacturers to increase the efficiency of the household refrigerators they produce; and "market pul" by preparing and developing the consumer market through a combination of standards, labeling, an information campaign, to accept and purchase in quantity the energy-efficient refrigerators produced.

Biomass Power Generation: Sugar Cane Bagasse and Trash Mitigation Biomass Eric D. Larson Yes UNDP Country Latin America and Caribbean Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2003 PDF icon Biomass Power Generation: Sugar Cane Bagasse and Trash

The WBP (woody biomass power) project called for building and operating a commercial-scale BIG/GT (biomass-gasifier/gas turbine) power plant in Northeast Brazil using plantation-grown wood as fuel. Building on knowledge generated by the WBP, the SCP (sugar cane power) was designed to involve analytical work and technology development that would enable future implementation of the WBP-type power plant technology with sugarcane-derived biomass as fuel instead of wood.

Control of Greenhouse Gas emissions through energy-Efficient Building Technology in West Africa Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Dr. Samir AMOUS, et al. Yes GEF Country Subsaharan Africa Building energy efficiency Energy efficiency Terminal Evaluation Review 2002 Cote d'Ivoire PDF icon Control of Greenhouse Gas emissions through energy-Efficient Building Technology in West Africa

The goal of the project is to reduce or stabilize greenhouse gas emissions resulting from the production of electrical energy for use in buildings in both Cote d'Ivoire and Senegal. The project had limited outcomes in terms of implementation of the outputs (e.g. building energy audit recommendations, energy efficiency regulations for buildings, etc.). However, as a result of the project, documents related to the formulation of new building energy efficiency regulation were produced. Also, 122 building energy audits were carried out (73 in Cote d'Ivoire and 49 in Senegal) and about 25 training reports were produced including the guidelines for energy efficiency for Cote d'Ivoire. No details were found on the contents of the audit and training reports. A database was created with information on the audited buildings energy characteristics, the potential energy savings, the investment needs and the pay-back period for the investments. For example, the total consumption for the 122 buildings is approximately 200 GWh annually. If all recommendations were implemented (building retrofittings and equipment operation modalities), the savings would exceed 50 GWh per year, which represents CFA 2.5 billion in cost savings annually. This would require an investment of CFA 1.6 billion (US$2,400,000). The database could have been used to prepare the portfolio of projects for international donor financing.

FOCER The Creation and Strengthening of the Capacity for Sustainable Renewable Energy Development in Central America Mitigation Renewable Energy Humberto Rodr Yes UNDP Regional Latin America and Caribbean Renewable energy Final Evaluation 2002 PDF icon FOCER The Creation and Strengthening of the Capacity for Sustainable Renewable Energy Development in Central America

FOCER is a program implemented by UNDP-GEF and executed by the NGO BUN-CA in Central America. The main objective of FOCER is to create and strengthen the capacity for sustainable renewable energy project development, based on regional cooperation and in-country linkages, reducing greenhouse gas emissions by fostering small-scale RE in Central America.

Enabling Communication in Response to its Commitments to the UNFCCC Mitigation Enabling Activities No info Yes UNDP Country Latin America and Caribbean Final Evaluation 2000 Belize PDF icon Enabling Communication in Response to its Commitments to the UNFCCC

The Enabling Activity has assisted Belize in preparing its First National Communication to the Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.The activity raised public awareness about the possible impacts of climate change on the country. It also facilitated efforts to coordinate climate change related activities among the relevant agencies. It provided a vehicle for endogenous capacity building in climate change such as the preparation of greenhouse gas inventories, and the preparation of vulnerability assessments and adaptation and mitigation options.

Environmental-Friendly District Heating Mitigation Building Energy Efficiency Department for Infrastructure and Economic Cooperation - Karlis Goppers No SIDA Country East Asia and Pacific Bio based energy Renewable energy Ex-post Evaluation 1998 China PDF icon Environmental-Friendly District Heating

The projects evaluated are the five distric heating investments, part-financed by Swedish concessionary credits, in China during 1993-1995. Their purpose was to introduce and expand district heating systems in the following five Chinese cities: Dalian, Taiyuan, Shijiazhuang, Jiamusi, and Fushun. The overall objectives on part of the donor BITS were environmental protection and energy conservation, and the purpose of the project was to connect additional building area to the central heat network thus replacing many smaller scattered boilers.

Environmental Projects in Tunisia and Senegal Environment Department for Infrastructure and Economic Cooperation - Ulf von Bromssen and Kajsa Sundberg No SIDA Country Multicountry Integrated environmental management 1999 PDF icon 102 Environmental Projects in Tunisia and Senegal.pdf

Sida requested the Swedish Environmental Protection Agency to evaluate Swedish environmental support to Tunisia and Senegal during the last 10 years. For this purpose Sida selected six projects in Tunisia and five in Senegal, all in the field of the environment. The projects in Tunisia were: two for training personnel working at sewage treatment plants, three for technical support and studies for constructing wastewater treatment plants, and one for the development of a regional environmental action plan. The projects in Senegal were: one for the development of a National Environmental Action Plan, one to hold a seminar for implementation of this plan, one to work out a system for environmental monitoring, one for the rehabilitation of sewage systems in three cities, and one for environmental studies in industry.

Impacts, Outputs and Effects from SIDA-funded Air Quality Management Projects in Thailand and the Philippines Mitigation Other Mitigation Department for Infrastructure and Economic Cooperation - Jon Bower, et al. No SIDA Country East Asia and Pacific Intelligent traffic management Transport 2005 PDF icon 104.pdf

In this report, we provide an independent evaluation of the Swedish assistance programme. In particular, we focus on its appropriateness to local needs, value-for-money, cost-effectiveness and long-term sustainability. We also make a number of recommendations designed to provide a sound basis for future Sida assistance in Thailand. Our report is based primarily on findings and direct interviews with programme beneficiaries and stakeholders, undertaken during a one-week visit to Thailand in June 2004.

Renewable Energy Technologies in Asia - Regional Research and Dissemination Programme Mitigation Renewable Energy Department for Research Cooperation SAREC - Smail Khennas and Teresa Andersson No SIDA Regional East Asia and Pacific Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) 1998 PDF icon Renewable Energy Technologies in Asia - Regional Research and Dissemination Programme

This evaluation encompasses phase I of the programme on Renewable Energy Technologies in Asia. It was coordinatede by the Asian Institute of Technology with much of the field work being undertaken by twelve National Research Institutes in six Asian Countries. It was implemented over a two-year period between 1996 and 1998. This report also includes the evaluation of the proposal submitted for the second phase.

Sida's Assistance to the Environment Protection Training Research Institute, EPTRI Environment Department for Natural Resources and the Environment - Bo Lundberg, et al. No SIDA Local South Asia Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) 1996 PDF icon Sida's Assistance to the Environment Protection Training Research Institute, EPTRI

A main effort by the EPTRI during the years since its inception has been training, directed mainly the industrial sector. This work has been very successful and earned recognition in wide circles. From the point of view of governmental authorities and the society in general, it is an activity of great value, and it is also highly appreciated within industry.

Sida Supported Environmental Research Projects Environment Department for Research and Cooperation SAREC - Tom Alberts and Marcelo Dougnac No SIDA Country Subsaharan Africa Research Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) Special Evaluation Study 2000 Tanzania PDF icon Sida Supported Environmental Research Projects

Originally the intention was to evaluate all Sida/SAREC supported environmental research projects in Tanzania. Subsequently it was decided to limit the evaluation to two important programmes at the University of Dar es Salaam (UDSM): Man

Sida Supported Programme within the African Energy Policy Research Network Department for Natural Resources and the Environment Department for Natural Resources and the Environment - Bo Lundberg, et al. Mitigation Other Mitigation Department for Research Cooperation - Joy Clancy No SIDA Regional Subsaharan Africa Research Enabling/ empowering activities/ capacity building (government) 2002 PDF icon Sida Supported Programme within the African Energy Policy Research Network Department for Natural Resources and the Environment

The African Energy Policy Research Network (AFREPREN) was launched in March 1989, after a planning period of nearly two years, with the primary objectives of: Undertaking energy policy research work that can lead to practical policies for sustainable energy development. Strengthening research capacity in energy policy in the Eastern and Southern African region and Disseminating its research results, in par